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World Geo Ch. 21-23 Development, Culture, and Resources in South Africa

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Bryan Poepperling

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Transcript of World Geo Ch. 21-23 Development, Culture, and Resources in South Africa

Development, Culture, and Resources in Africa
World Geo Chapters 21,22, & 23

Life in Western Nigeria
Standards and Objectives
Objectives:
1. Describe the role women play in the development of Africa

2. Identify and describe one characteristic of each of the three regions in Nigeria

3. Describe life in South Africa during and after the Apartheid movement
Life in Eastern Nigeria
Welcome
To Africa!

Geographic Setting Ch. 22
Uganda's Markets
Botswana's Restaurants
Rural Mali
Geographic Setting Ch. 23
The Apartheid in South Africa
Ticket out of the Door Ch. 21-23
1. What role do women play in the development of Africa?

2. Identify and describe one characteristic of each of the three regions in Nigeria.

3. What was life like in South Africa during and after the Apartheid movement?

- Most people eat breakfast and lunch near their work places in Botswana:
- The sound of wood hitting wood is common in many villages in rural Mali. It is the sound of women preparing two of Mali's most common foods:
grains and peanuts

- People have lived in what is now South Africa for
a very long time

1. -South African Blacks-

2. - Afrikaners -

3. - Coloreds -
- Natural resources: The development of gold, copper, and other valuable minerals has transformed the country into an economic powerhouse
Mali
Uganda
Botswana
Nigeria
South Africa
Standards: SS.912 G2.3, SS.912 W3.13, and SS.912 W6.4
Geographic Setting Ch. 21
- Most of Africa is made up of LDCs
- 20 of the world's 30 poorest are found
in Africa
- Gender-based divsion of labor hurts African women
- Often poor women find work in the informal economy

- People here exchange goods and servies without much government control (no licenses for businesses and
no taxes)
- Mail is one of the most poorest countries in the world, but women and micro-entrepreneurs are changing that fact with this machine that helps grind peanuts along with other functions
1. Helps women save time on grinding peanuts
2. Business owners have learned new skills
3. Attitudes have now turned towards education
- Provide opportunities for people to sell goods and services without having to obtain a business license, and
thus keep all profits
- Tax free!
Margaret Saajjabi:
- She is an example of women's successes because she came up from nothing:
-
From not having enough money to finish high school to creating her own business selling goods and staring a club to help women borrow loans to start their own businesses
- She is a good
example of
economic success

- She supports 6 children of her own and 19 nieces and nephews
- She has plans to build more shops and hire young women
https://sites.google.com/site/womeninafricacreatebusinesses/
- Caravans (similar to vacation trailers) can be converted into restaurants by removing
the wheels and having customers eat undercanopies
*People not only benefit from eating the food, but this also creates jobs for many local citizens and helps increase the country's GDP*
- Many different groups of people have inhabited the western coast of Africa throughout history
- 1800's: Colonialism
- Great Britain took over areas
of West Africa
- They gained control of Nigeria's natural resources

- 1960: Nigerian Independence
- Nigerians protested and won their independence
Under British rule:
- Some groups of people who were cooperative were treated better
- Many rebelled and fought for
independence

Nigeria's government today:
- People are still divided today
by religious and cultural
differences
Life in Northern Nigera
Physical Environment:
Ethnic Groups:
Climate:
Culture:
Economic Activtiy :
Physical Environment
Ethnic Groups
Culture
Economic Activtiy
Physical Environment
Ethnic Groups
Economic Activtiy
Culture
- Two largest:
1. Hausa
2. Fulani
- Many people in both groups married and created a connected culture
- They both differ in language and where they live
- During the six month dry season very
little rain falls and lakes/rivers dry up
- Houses: built out of mud to protect from the sun
- Clothing: Northerners favor loose clothes to protect themselves from the sun
- Music: tension drum
- Many people make their living
as herders or farmers
- Tropical rainforests along the coastline,
but was eventually cut down for farming or lumber
- Savanna: broad, flat land covered with tall grasses and scattered trees
- The Yoruba

- Different tribes have their own dialect, most are Christian, some are Islamic
- Some people work in factories or sell goods at market

- Others work in offices, are teachers, engineers, or doctors
- Houses: some live in one-story houses, others live in poor shacks

-Many have moved from the countryside to cities
- Recieves more rainfall than any other
part of Nigeria
- Swamps line the coast
- The Niger River Delta is one of the world's
largest wetlands and contains oil deposits
- The Igbo - Live in villages ruled by a council of elders

- Have a long history with the British and rough history with other ethnic groups
- Farming used to be huge

- Today oil makes a lot of $$
- Education helps them become
doctors, lawyers, and teachers
- Houses on stilts or mudbricks - During rainy season people paddle canoes to their homes

- Colorful clothes and masks are used for rituals
What was the Apartheid?
The
African National Congress (ANC)
- Leaders like
F.W. de Klerk and
Nelson Mandela
helped to end the
apartheid movement
- Both won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993
South Africa
today:
- Positive:
In 1998 the Employment Equality
Act opened job opportunities to all South Africans
- Negative:
Not enough jobs are being created
for all who want work
Apartheid Activity
Nelson Mandela
Afrikaners
Coloreds
- The challenges of poverty, disease, natural disasters and wars affect most Africans, but they affect women more than men

- African women also face inequality in division of labor (women earn less $$ than men)
What challenges do
women face?
In 2007 more than 30 percent of women ages 15-24 could not read; therefor they couldn't get jobs
Education problems
What is the informal
economy?
Multifunctional Platform
- This simple invention that can be put to many different uses, and has helped imporve life in the country:
The
Marketplace:
Examples of
micro-enterprises:
- Food sellers, electricians, hairdressers,
and cooks
- Her success allows other women to get jobs as well
- Opportunities for
others:
- This creates an opportunity for micro-entrepreneurs to open restaurants in
caravans
Caravan
Restaurants:
Ch. 21 Ticket out of the Door L1
1.What has helped to improve the quality of life for people living in rural Mali?


2. Where can people go in Uganada for economic opportunity and what can they do there?


3. Successful business owners in Botswanna typically work in what industry, doing what job?
36 states, each with its own local laws
- An elected president heads
Nigeria's national government
- Northern Nigeria consists of high, flat plains
- People live and farm here because the weather is cooler and wetter than the land below
Ancestors of blacks who came
from central Africa around 2000 years ago
Ancestors of Dutch colonists who
settled in South Africa in 1652
Blacks and whites who married in
Cape Colony
The former official South
African policy of separating people
according to race from 1948 to 1991

- This policy gave most of the political
and economic power to whites
- Largest group that fought
against the apartheid movment:
Full transcript