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The Police System of Myanmar

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Alexander Ahkar

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of The Police System of Myanmar

The Police System in Myanmar
State and Region Police Force
There are altogether 14 State and Regional Police Forces and three additional State/Region Police Forces commanded by Police Colonels. Their jurisdictions are divided according to the Civil Administration.

Each State and Regional Police Force consist of four components.

- Office of the Commander of the State and Regional Police Force
- Office of the Commander of the District Police Force
- Office of the Commander of the Township Police Force
- Police Stations

Structure of Myanmar Police Force
State and Region police force
Special forces
Training center
Reserved units
Police Battalions
Established in 1964 & re-organized on 1 October 1995.Under the Ministry of Home-affairs.
Myanmar Police

There are four Special Departments, in which the first two Departments are headed by the Police Brigadier Generals and the remaining two are by Police Colonels.

- Special Intelligence Department (Special Branch)
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
- Railways Police Department
- City Development Police Department

Special Departments
Special Intelligence Department (Special Branch)
Directed by Police Brigadier General.
Its functions;
Detection & Revelation on information with activities of people and political leads which could ruin the security of the state.
Detection & Revelation of religious sociaties, sagas, labors and students.
Detection & Revelation on movements of diplomats from embassies in Yangon, tourists and others.
Carry out protection and security combining with counterparts agencies for chief, and heads, guests visiting Myanmar.
Scrutinize and issue passports to Myanmar citizens leaving abroad.
်ွAction taken to the above violation.
Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
It has been commanded by a Police Brigadier General .
Its functions;
Detection and investigation of serious crimes
Assistance imparts to the respective police station to investigate clues and evidence
Examine on serious crime and opinion provision
Keep on records on convicted and search for former convictions
To enhance on capabilities of police members, trainings are opened( such as Detective officer and Narcotic Drugs investigation officer training courses)

Railway Police Department
It has been commended by a Police Colonel.
Its functions;
Information of sabotage and harassment are to be attainable first and foremost and submit.
If there was a outbreak of uprising ,blockade and clear them up in accordance with the directives of MPF.
Clear up cases such as lack of ticket, railway freight receipt, license and discipline.
Safeguard the railway stations
Systematic and effective management on prevention of crime occurrence and reduction of offence.
Practice on community policing system regarding the local situation.
Systematic record keeping on habitual criminal offenders
Detection and prosecution of crimes occurred.

There are sixteen Police Battalions to carry out general security duties under the command of Battalion Control Command. The Battalion Commandants are Police Lieutenant Colonels. As the populace of the cities including Yangon and Mandalay have been increased day after day, problems on social, economy and politics are risen up that could lead to emergence of civil unrest and sabotage. It is necessary to prevent from destruction and harassment, and project factories and workshops, security of diplomats and their embassies.

Each battalion consists of 500+ personnel and these battalions are supported by two support battalions, which include signal and medical units. These battalions structure are similar to that of Army's Light Infantry Battalions and they are subordinate to their respective Regional Military Commands.
Myanmar Combat Police Battalion
- Aviation Police Department
- Coastal and River Patrol Police Department
- Highway Patrol Police Department
- Tourist Police Department
- Anti- Narcotic Task Forces
- Traffic Police Forces
Others Major Departments
Staffed by about 15 people, the INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) for Myanmar is housed at the Myanmar police headquarters in Nay Pyi Taw.

INTERPOL Nay Pyi Taw concentrates its activities on fighting:

Drug trafficking;
Trafficking in human beings;
Money laundering;

NCB objectives:

Communicate regularly with the INTERPOL community in law enforcement matters and to assist in international investigations requiring input from Myanmar police authorities;
Work with partner NCBs in tracing, investigating and prosecuting transnational crime;
Analyze crime and identify emerging trends which pose a threat to peace and security;
Assist in the capacity building of the Myanmar Police Force.
Training Centres
There are five police training centres in Burma. The main facility is the MPF’s Central Institute of Police Training, which was opened on a 150-acre site between Mandalay and Maymyo (Pyin Oo Lwin) in 1999. It was anticipated that, after it was completed in 2002, the Institute would have the capacity simultaneously to train 1,800 students in a wide range of courses.45 In addition, there are Police Training Schools at Taungleyon (in southern Shan State) and Yemathin (near Mandalay). There are also two smaller police training depots. The CID maintains a specialist training centre at Insein township, just outside Rangoon.
It is striving with high momentum to root out the danger of narcotic within 15 years by setting up and implementing two strategies and three tactics.
Two strategies
The designation of narcotic drugs eradication as a national duty and comprehensive implementation of that strategy
The development & enhancement of the standard of living of the national races in the broader areas & the total eradication of poppy cultivation
Three Tactics
Supply elimination
Demand elimination
Law enforcement

Anti-Narcotic Task Force
City Development Police Department
Controlled by a Police Colonel.
Its functions;
Security and maintenance of rules and regulations stipulated by the committee.
Perform necessary actions if commanded by Director General of MPF.
Inspect road side sellers and pavement venders.
Clear-up disappearance of non-statue persons, psychopaths and lepers.
Security to city-development-owned buildings, parks and farms, water reservoirs.
Clear-up mob by mounted police, petrol water reservoirs.
Arrest traffic violators, and parking disciplinary.
Under the colonization of British in 1885
Colonial Police Procedure was introduced.
Formally known as "Burma Police Force"
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