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Norway's Society in the Late 1800s
Transcript of Norway's Society in the Late 1800s
The Kingdom of Norway
Established 17 May 1814
Population: 5 million
Climate: warm summers, milder winters ECONOMIC HISTORY
OF NORWAY Politics After Norway declared independence in 1814, the economy steadily grew starting in the 1830's.
Time line... History Great Boom (1843-1875)
can be attributed to success in foreign factors as well as growth in agricultural productivity.
help from international trading partners (Britain, Sweden, Denmark and Germany) 1810 1820 1830 Norway... -Prior to 1814- Norway had become entangled on the French side of the Napoleonic War. compulsory reading made a more educated and independent work force.
puritan revival raised domestic capital and a a productive work force. - Having lost its fleet, it was defenseless from the British. Social Structure: late 1800s This social hierarchy explains social interaction, manner of speech, fashion and marriage pattern
Farm workers (not a land owner)
Lower level bureaucrats
Captains of boats/craftsmen
“money” society hierarchy:
The nobility public officials
Wealthy industrialists / property owners 1814 - After Napolean’s defeat in 1813, Norway’s Prince and vice-row founded a Norwegian independence movement- Unification with Denmark.
-Inspired by the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776.
- Constitution of Norway- First adopted on May 17, 1814 and was considered to be one of the most liberal or radically democratic constitutions in the world.
- 1814 Declared Norway an independent kingdom (free from monarchs) Constitution of Norway The constitution shows a mix of radical and traditional values.
- Radical: - Separation of powers- executive, legislative, judicial branch7es - The right to vote was extended: All Men- farmers possessing land, civil servants, or urban property owners- could vote.
- Traditional:- Retention of a king and a constitutional church (in face of republicanism) was a traditional move. But the king’s power was severely curtailed. 1840 Religion -Evangelical Lutheran Church is most prevalent in Norway
-Norway Constitution of 1814: Did not grant religious freedom for Jews and Jesuits
-1842: Ban on lay preaching was lifted, which allowed church movements to be established by the Evangelical Lutheran Church
-1845: Dissenter Law- allowed other Christian congregations to establish in Norway
-1851: Ban on Judaism was lifted
-1897: Monasticism and Jesuits were allowed Work Cited
Chan, Tak W., and Gunn E. Birkelund. Social Status in Norway. N.p.: Oxford University Press, 2010. PDF.
"The Economic History of Norway | Economic History Services." EH.Net | Economic History Services. N.p., 5 Feb. 2010. Web. 7 Feb. 2013.
"Norway." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 June 2013. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway>.
Importance of the Constitution of Norway - The constitution of Norway changed the political system from one that was based on Monarchs to one that is more liberal and democratic.
- There are both radical and conservative elements in the government, and they are portrayed through the play.
- The play is set in a male-dominated society, where the husband, Torvald, is responsible and supports the family financially; but Norah stays at home, looks after the children, and is portrayed as submissive to Torvald's will.
- The play, however, incorporates this "radical" type of political and economic idea. Norah's friend Ms. Linde is independent and works. Norah, too, in the end of the play has an epiphany where she realizes her "sacred duty" to herself and leaves the house. There are very different to society's expectations of women. Importance of religion context in play - The predominance of the evangelical Lutheran Church provides background of why the story is set during Christmas.
- This religious background helps us understand the religious imagery of "Christmas." This imagery is used to illustrate Norah's epiphany or spiritual renewal- the "sacred duty" to herself- as Jesus came down the broken spirits of people... Time of Economic Growth... Importance of economy: Context of the play - Before Economic growth...
- people were stressed out + pressured immensely- Torvald (when he got sick)
- money had to be spent wisely as Norah's family had to in the past
- Economic growth means...
- an increase in the middle-upper class - Norah's family.
- parties + leisurely activities
- Higher education: Bank Manager, Accountants, Doctors...
The Great Boom... Importance of Social Structure: Context of play Social interaction:
- Wealthy people...
- Did not have to worry about money (spendthrift Norah)
- Fashion: Well dressed for parties
- Hosted many parties at home (Norah's family)
- Lived in a house with maids
End of the Napoleonic War...