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China 1900's Timeline
Transcript of China 1900's Timeline
1966-1968 By: Jacob Asberry September 2-18, 1976 After Mao Zedong’s death, a struggle began between moderate Communists and a radical group led by Mao’s widow, Jiang qing. the moderates wanted to restore order and economic growth. Jiang Qing’s group, known as the Gang of Four, wanted to continue the Cultural Revolution. In time, the moderates won control and placed the Gang of Four on trial for numerous crimes, including treason. They were found guilty and given life sentences.
By this time, Deng Xiaoping had become the leader of the moderates and directed a complete reform of the economy. His plan for China was called the Four Modernizations, which would improve agriculture, industry, science, and technology, and national defense. China soon began to move towards a market economy, creating a more open society in which there was more exchange between China and the Western world. China was becoming a more technological society as well as an economic power.
1977-1985 1986-1988 China had become one of the world’s fastest growing economies. Many Chinese begin to speak out for a democratic government.
June 3-4, 1989 Hundreds of thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators occupied Tiananmen Square, a central gathering place in Beijing. They protested for an end to corruption within the ruling party, a greater say in in government, and better conditions in universities. Chinese officials became angry when protesters refused to listen to government orders. In early June, the Chinese military was sent to Tiananmen Square and ordered to open fire on the protesters. Hundreds of protesters were killed and thousands more were wounded in what would be called the Tiananmen Square Massacre.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre stunned the West. Most Western nations and international aid agencies stopped or cut back on loans to China. Most tourists chose to avoid visiting China. As a result, China faced major economic problems.
1990-1992 March 27, 1993 Jiang Zemin is elected China’s president. He proposes a new plan to solve economic problems.
The Chinese government gave up control of thousands of state-owned businesses that were losing money and gave them to new private owners that had to find ways of making profit.
1997 2000 Only some of the companies were making money, yet the plan did give China some much-needed income. Even with this economic boost, the unemployment rate is at 30% in some cities and millions of people are living in poverty.