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Gerunds vs Ifinitives by Leonardo Acuña - TAI

Grammar explanation about how to use gerunds and infinitives.
by

LETS INSTITUTE

on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Gerunds vs Ifinitives by Leonardo Acuña - TAI

AFTER SOME VERBS.
A noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."
The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading."
You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
GERUND
The "base" form of the verb; with or without "to".
You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
INFINITIVES
One or the other, but never together
.
" I like to swimming"
After
prepositions
Instead of a
noun
After
some verbs
Usages.
Enjoy
Imagine
Keep
Practice ...

After
some verbs such as:
After
some verbs
After
adjectives
Talking about
purpose
Usages.
Pretend
Want
Decide
Try
Promise ...
After
some verbs such as:
The meaning

does not
change.
The meaning changes.
Forget
Mean
Regret
Stop
Try...
Prefer
Intend
Start
Begin ...
"When he read the note he started
laughing
"
"When he read the note he started
to laugh
"
GERUNDS vs INFINITIVES
Let's read and complete the story
What happened next?
After
prepositions:
Instead of a
noun
:
"
Smoking
isn’t allowed here"
"I drank a cup of coffee
before leaving
"


"It’s a good idea to brush your teeth
after eating"
After
adjectives:
"I’m happy
to see
you"

"It’s likely
to snow
tonight"
Talking about
purpose:
"I came to England
to study
"
"I enjoy
eating
outside with my family."
"I hate
not having
the newest devices!"
"Sara will keep
practicing
tennis."

"
Swimming
is a very good exercise"
"Fishing
with my father is fun!
"
"I went home
to have
lunch"
"I promise
to pay
you
back
on time!"
"Meg tried
not to hit
the car, but it was impossible."
"
John pretended
to be sick
, but he wasn't really"
Time to exercise!
Brad and Mila were on a business trip and wanted to go shopping. Brad needed to buy a jacket because he had forgotten ______________ one from London. They asked the hotel clerk to recommend a good place to buy second-hand clothes. He told them to go to Haight Street.
That afternoon, they took the #71 bus to Haight Street. As soon as they got off the bus, Brad was cold.Mila offered ______________ him her jacket, but he refused ______________ it. He regretted not ______________his leather jacket from home, but he couldn't stand ______________ a jacket from a girl.
As they were entering the thrift store, a homeless Vietnam veteran in a wheelchair asked them ______________ him money. They pretended not ______________ him. Inside the thrift store, there was lots of great stuff! Mila bought two hats and a red dress. Brad found a cool Levi's jacket. ______________ the clerk was difficult because he had three piercings in his lip and two in his tongue.
Now that Brad was warm, they decided ______________ Haight Street and nearby Golden Gate Park. They stopped at a lot of different shops. Brad even considered ______________ a tattoo, but he decided to wait. At Golden Gate Park, they saw about fifty people dancing and playing drums. ______________ to the music was a lot of fun. ______________ for the #71 bus home was not fun.
Overall, they really enjoyed ______________ Haight Street and agreed ______________ all of their clothes shopping at second-hand stores--except for underwear. After that, they avoided ______________ clothes at the expensive department stores on Union Square. Then, they got back to business. What a day!
Let's continue the story!
Let's work in pairs!

Write what you think happened that day.
Don't forget
to use
infinitives or gerunds!
You have 10 minutes.
I was reading the newspaper and then something happened and I stopped doing that to do something else.
I stopped
to say
hi!
I stopped
smoking
2 years ago.
I used to smoke but now I don't do it anymore.
I remember
ed

to lock
the door.
I remember
kissing
him good-night.
You remembered you had to do something and you did it.
You did something and now you remember it.
I tried
not to sleep
but I couldn't.
I've tried
doing
yoga but I didn't like it.
Attempt to do or make an effort to do something.
Try something to see if it works or experience something new.
I meant
to tell
you about the party before. Sorry!
If we catch an early train, it'll mean
getting up
at 6:00 am
An impersonal subject, refers to what is involved.
Mean to do something.
There's no sugar left. I need
to do
some shopping.
Oh no! This clothes needs
ironing!
It's necessary for you to do something.
Something needs to be done about something else
(the meaning is passive)
LOVE / LIKE / HATE +
ING
When talk about hobbies and something
we do with pleasure. Like = Enjoy
I like
watching
comedy movies.
I hate
waking up
too early.
I love
playing
the piano. It's so relaxing!
LOVE / LIKE / HATE +
INFINITIVE
When we talk about something we think is good or right
to do or it's a habit.
I love
to listen to
electronic music every morning when I'm going to work.
I like
to play
soccer with my friends. We have a match every Sunday.
I hate
to hear
complains every day but that's my job.
Thanks for watching!
Now it's your turn!

Use the "Grammar Cards" and answer the questions.

bringing
buying
exploring
getting
listening
taking
understanding
waiting
to bring
to do to give
to explore
to give
to take
to understand
GO TO PAGE
6
AND USE THE VERBS IN THE BOX
Let's check!
Full transcript