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Golding novel " Lord of the Flies" is a perfect example of a Postmodern novel as it fits many of the criteria of the literary period. This can be seen through the novel directly, but is very evident in these excerpts.
“Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.”
“Maybe there is a beast… maybe it's only us.”
“We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything.”
The Postmodern Literary Movement
What Caused the Postmodern Movement?
What are Characteristics of the Postmodern Movement?
Some of the main characteristics Postmodern movement are,
"Topics dealing with the complexity of contemporary life, loss of faith in political and moral authority, alienation
Employing black humor, parody, grotesque, and absurdity
Erasing boundaries between "low" and "high" culture
Lack of a grand narrative
Avoiding traditional closure of themes or situations
Condemning commercialism, mass production, and economic globalism
Reality represented through language"
Many of the Postmodern author used very similar Literary techniques in their works. These techniques help to categorization of this literary Movement. Some of the techniques used include,
"Pastiche- A type of writing that combines writing from different genres to form a new narrative.
Temporal Distortion- Jumping forward or backward in time
Metafiction- Type of fiction that addresses the fictional illusion
Paranoia- Character questions what is going on around them
Satire- A literary composition, in verse, in which human blunder is held up to scorn or ridicule.
Eclecticism - Following your belief rather then the designated style"
There are many Postmodern authors, some of the most highly know for their work include,
David Foster Wallace- Infinite Jest
William S. Burroughs-Naked Lunch
Thomas Pynchon- Gravity's Rainbow
Joseph Heller- Catch 22
Bret Easton Ellis- American Psycho
Kurt Vonnegut-Breakfast of Champions
William Golding- Lord of the Flies
Ray Bradbury-Farenheit 451
Harper Lee- To Kill a Mockingbird
What is Postmodern?
Postmodern was the literary movement starting around 1941, and continues on today.
Postmodern authors base their ideas on society, and how it is not what people think it is.
Postmodern authors are skeptical and rely on hard evidence to help prove their opinions.
Linda Hutcheon, a Postmodern critic said that one of the bases for postmodern is that "Reality is only through our own interpretations of what the world means to us."
Postmodern authors often enjoy chaos, and prefers to have the reader determine the meaning rather than the authors themselves.
Postmodern literary works have a dark meaning behind them.The reason many of the works are dark has to do with the situations surround the authors at the time.
Some of the most historical influences are,"Genocide that occurred during the Second World War, the Chinese Cultural Revolution, mass destruction caused by atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, insecurity of Cold War Era, post colonialism issue, as well as the supremacy of multinational corporations and post-industrialism with new technologies, violence, counter culture and consumer culture."
All of these shaped the authors and greatly affected their works.
In conclusion, Postmodern authors are very skeptical of society as a whole. They tend to rely on reasoning that " anything real does not exist, and what may be true to one person may not be true to another." Postmodern authors are shaped by the negative impact of society.
Wliiamim Golding- Lord of the Flies