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Hadrian Pantheon in Rome

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Hannah Vehrs

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Hadrian Pantheon in Rome

Hadrian Pantheon in Rome
History
Rome, otherwise known as "The Eternal City," was founded in 753 B.C. It is the capitol of Italy and one of the most visited locations in the entire world.
The Great Fire of Rome
The Pantheon was originally built in 27 B.C. by Marcus Agrippa. The Great Fire of Rome had completely destroyed Rome in 80 A.D. for 6 days which had left the Pantheon in ruins all but the facade.
Geography
Architecture
The emperor at the time, Nero, was blamed for the fire which he later passed the blame on to the Christians. For this reason, Christians were tortured and killed. Rome was built back up along with the Pantheon until the second disaster.
The Pantheon is located in the heart of the ancient historical center of Rome in Circus Flaminius of the 14 regions of Augustan Rome, two blocks east of the Piazza Navona and two blocks west of the Collegio Romano.


Social Aspect of the Pantheon
The Pantheon has been used as a Catholic church, since the 7th century.
Basic Architectural Info.
Architect: Unknown, mostly credited by scholars to Apollodorus of Damascus
Material Used: Travertine, Tufa, Brick, Pumice (Heaviest at the bottom)
Height: 142 feet
Style: Greek and Roman
Savory & Sweet Pantheon
(activity time!!)
Tourist Attraction
The Pantheon is free to the public
Religion
First used as a temple to all the gods of ancient Rome, it is now changed to a Roman Catholic church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs.
He intended to rebuild the Pantheon as a place where people could worship any god they wished, not just Roman gods.
Hadrian's Intentions
Politics under Hadrian
Hadrian's family had great political influence on Rome at the time.
In 117 A.D., Publius Aelius Hadrianus had inherited the power of control over the Roman Empire.

Rebuilt Pantheon
In 126 A.D. , Hadrian had completely rebuilt the Pantheon.
Displayed incredible feat through the use of concrete.
Second Destruction
The Pantheon was destroyed again due to natural disaster.
The Pantheon was then built a final time by command of Roman emperor, Hadrian, in 118 A.D. It was finished in 126 A.D. and the new title of the prominent, sacred structure was known to be Hadrian's Pantheon from then on.
Roman roads were one major source of trade.
Economy
Full transcript