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RAMONA T. MERCER
Transcript of RAMONA T. MERCER
MATERNAL ROLE ATTAINMENT THEORY: Becoming a Mother
by: Marianne Charity G. Palecpec, RN
Ramona T. Mercer
• An interaction and developmental process
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE MATERNAL ROLE
• Maternal factors: age at first birth, birth experience, early separation from the infant, social stress, social support personality traits, self-concept, child-rearing attitudes, and health
1. A relatively stable core self determines how a mother defines and perceives events
October 4, 1929
1950- nursing diploma at 21 in
Worked for the next 10 years in pediatric and obstetrical nursing
1964- Master's Degree from the University of New Mexico.
1973- University of Pittsburgh in 1973 with her Ph.D.
Professor at the
University of California retiring in
1987 (Meighan, 2010).
Mercer is active in her work
today, even in retirement
A process of binding in or being attached to the child and Maternal Role Identity
• Infant variables: temperament, appearance, responsiveness, health status, and ability to give cues
• Father's role and the mother-father relationship
2. The mother's developmental level and innate personality characteristics also influence her behavioral responses.
3. The mother's role partner, her infant, will reflect the mother's competence in the mothering role through growth and development.
4. The infant is considered an active partner in the maternal role-taking process
5. The father or mother's intimate partner contributes to role attainment
6. Maternal identity develops with maternal attachment
major components of the role:
• Attachment to the infant
• Gaining competence in mothering behaviors
• Expressing gratification in maternal-infant interactions
child: cognitive & mental development, attachment, health, and social competence.
Stages of Maternal Role Attainment
1. “commitment, attachment, and preparation”
2. “acquaintance, learning, and physical restoration”
3. “moving toward a new normal”
4. “achievement of maternal identity”
Implication and Application to Practice:
sociology, psychology and education have incorporated Mercer’s concepts to their maternal and parenting philosophies.
• In case of medically unstable, prematurely born infants the stress of becoming a mother is increased in the face of an infant’s critical illness. Seeing their infant’s distress and exposure to painful procedures causes mothers worry and feelings of incompetence.