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Copy of Afrocentricity: a new idea that shares all ideas
Transcript of Copy of Afrocentricity: a new idea that shares all ideas
The Schomburg Center Historical Figure: Aaron Douglas
By: Latrese Henry "...establish and maintain a free library and reading room in the city of New York."
Samuel J. Tilden (1814-1886) Before Tilden's dream library was constructed, there were two major libraries established. The Astor Library and The Lenox Library. The owners John Jacob Astor and James Lenox were some of the wealthiest men of their time. Funds for the Astor Library estimated about
$400, 000 dollars. In 1892 both Astor and Lenox libraries encountered financial difficulties. Due to the lack of funds, Astor and Lenox were forced to entered an agreement with Tilden to form one large library. On May 23 1911, the $9 million dollar library was completed. This library is now known as the New York Public Library. In 1925 a special unit was opened within the New York Public Library. This unit was labeled the Division of Negro Literature. In 1926 the Division of Negro Literature received a large collection of works from a black author by the name of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg. The collection was so popular the division was later named the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature. Today the Schomburg Collection contains over 10,000,000 African American pieces. In 1934 this mural was painted for the 135th Street branch of the New York Public Library. This four-panel mural was named Aspects of a Negro Life. Aaron Douglas -Aaron Douglas was born May 26, 1899 in Topeka, Kansas. He attended Topeka High School, and graduated in 1917. After high school, Douglas attended the University of Nebraska where he received his B.A. in Fine Arts. In June 1925, Douglas moved to Harlem to pursue his fine arts career. While in Harlem he produced illustrations for the NAACP and Harper's and Vanity Fair. In 1931 Douglas studied classical art in Paris for a year. He later returned to Harlem after receiving an offer to develop the Fisk Art Department at Fisk University in Nashville, TN. After becoming president of Fisk University Art department, Douglas spent his remaining years teaching students about art. He also completed his masters degree at Columbia University. In 1966 Douglas retired from Fisk University. After years of service in the art world, Douglas passed away on February 2, 1979. “angular cubist rhythms, seductive art deco style, and traditional African and African American
imagery to develop his own unique visual vocabulary”