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Elizabethan Era:Crime & Punishment
Transcript of Elizabethan Era:Crime & Punishment
poor fella The Courts The Elizabethan court is definitely not a place you would want to be if you were being accused of a crime. This was especially the case if you were being accused of a harsh crime such as treason. Unlike today where we have numerous rules and regulations which state we are unable to torture people, this was not the case during the Elizabethan period. There were 4 court systems. National Court, this had a monarch (the Queen) and many of her assistants as the jury. Crimes include treason, murder, arson. Church Court, the judge was the Pope of the Church, and the bishops would also help him. Crimes include marrying a close relative or not attending church on Sunday. Regional/Village Courts, the sheriff or constable was in charge of these. Crimes include every day village offenses. Vagrants, Beggars and Outcasts. Vagrants (or vagabonds) had no home or job and survived by begging for food and money. These were often servants that had been dismissed or wounded soldiers. There were also a number of orphaned children and women deserted by their husbands. Beggars were sometimes feared as when they travelled in large groups, they sometimes became violent. By law, citizens were required to give food or money to beggars and so the beggars were not liked. These beggars were often put in the stocks and then tied to a back of a cart and whipped until the left town. Outcasts usually had no job and had little or no respect for the law. People often took advantage of this and forced or paid them to become criminals. Thieves and Footpads These people were often professional criminals. They had developed their own language, this slang was referred to as "Peddlar's French". This language mainly consisted of nicknames for different theiving proffessions. This included "Nipper" for people who cut peoples purses off their belts, "Foist" for pickpockets, "Priggers of Prancers" for horse theives and "Coney-Catchers" were scammers. Women travelling alone were also at higher risk as they were often confronted by highway-men who stole clothes and shot those who resisted. It is because of this that they were hung if caught. Execution Hangings were frequent and carried out in public. Many of Shakespeare's characters joke about execution, because they thought it was part of their everyday lives. One of the worst execution techniques, was being Hung, Drawn and Quartered. First, the accused criminal would be dragged by horse to Tyburn (the main execution spot), they would then be hung until near death. They would be taken down and strapped to a table in front of a furnace. An executioner would rip out their internal organs and burn them in front of the barely living criminal, who was still alive to watch. They would then be beheaded and quartered. Murder There were two types of murder, first-degree (premeditated/planned) and manslaughter (accidental/spur of the moment). If one was to order someone to murder someone, they would be just as guilty as the actual murderer. A private revenge was treated as manslaughter if the (revenge) murder happens immediately after (and in response to) the initial murder. People who purposefully murdered could be hung and sometimes before execution, cut their hands off. Treason In the Elizabethan Era, high treason was the worst crime one could commit. High treason was when one or more people plotted and/or attempted to overthrow the Queen. The punishment for this was execution, usually by being hung, drawn and quartered. We hope you learnt something new and interesting And of corpse, we hope you enjoyed the show Bibliography: Wikipedia The book, Shakesperean Times: Crime & Punishment www.elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-courts http://www.elizabethanenglandlife.com/different-kinds-of-elizabethan-era-torture Funny Little Thing