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Transcript of THE MAORI
Maori are quite known for their face and body tattoos. To the Maori, the head is the most sacred part of the body and that is why tattoos on faces are very popular in this culture because they represent social status, rank, power and prestige.An interesting fact about maori tattoos is that there are no two of the same one, each maori tattoo is different and no specific patter or design as they are very detailed designs.
A traditional greeting of the Maori is to bring two people's faces very close to each other until the noses press together.
Holidays & Music
Maori face tattoo
Hongi: used at traditional greetings among Māori people and at major ceremonies.
Maori arm tattoo
Origin of the Name
The endangered culture is Oceania- Maori of New Zealand.
New Zealand’s first inhabitants were Polynesians. they were able to develop their own culture and established different tribal groups, called iwi.
Isolation helped them immerse in their own communities, they had no need for a name for the group.
By the 1830s, after the arrival of Europeans, the word ‘Māori’ was being used to distinguish them from ‘Pākehā’.
Maori means ordinary people, while Pakeha means white people.
Relationship With Modern-Day Nations
In 1830, Maori trade was very popular, and Maoris were part of ship crews from around the world providing food for other civilizations.
18% of the Maoris live overseas in other countries which does not seem to be a major problem for other countries in which they live.
When the British entered NZ, the British Crown represnetitives signed the treaty of Waitangi with The Maori chiefs in 1840.
Points of Conflicts with Other Countries
The Maoris are always in conflict with the New Zealand government. so much that a time period from between 1945-72 was named The New Zealand Wars/ The Maori Wars.
These were a series of armed conflicts to regain land that were bought from them.
Before the conflicts, Maoris represented more than the Pakeha, but after the series of wars were over, the Maoris were less in country, partially because more Europeans entered and settled into NZ.
The Maori language is one of the three official languages of New Zealand. Before that it was endangered.
The Māori language consists of five vowel sounds: a e i o u (‘a’ as in ‘car’, ‘e’ as in ‘egg’, ‘i’ like the ‘ee’ in ‘tee’, ‘o’ as in ‘four’, ‘u’ like an ‘o’ in ‘to’).
There are eight consonants in Māori similar to those in English — ‘h’, ‘k’, ‘m’, ‘n’, ‘p’, ‘r’, ‘t’, and ‘w’.
There are also two different consonants — ‘wh’ and ‘ng’. Many Māori pronounce the ‘wh’ sound similar to our ‘f’.
The ‘ng’ is similar to our own ‘ng’ sound in a word like ‘sing’, except that in Māori, words can start with ‘ng’.
Oceania's belief system is Maori religion. Maori religion is based on the two concpets of mana and tapu.
Mana is an impersonal force that can be both inherited and acquired by individuals in the course of their lives; an impersonal supernatural power.
Tapu refers to sacredness that was assigned by status at birth.
There was a direct relation between the two: chiefs with the most mana were also the most tapu.
Many Maoris are now Christian as they also adapted to the modern world beliefs.
How endangered is the culture?
The Maori made up one twentieth of the population of New Zealand in 1939.
Recently, the government of NZ has been paying more attention to the Maoris, and started giving them the land that was taken away from them, in addition to $117 millions, and some of traditions like fishing.
They are currently close to 525,000 people, or about 15 percent of New Zealand's total population.
The culture is not as endangered now as it was 20 years ago.
The Maori Christians celebrate most of the Christian holidays, of course this is only started recently, as this culture started before the Christianity
Rituals were performed according to the religious calendar and the harvest and collection of foodstuffs.
The Maori music is suspected to be one of the oldest types of music. Explorers described as “a dreary monotone”, “slow and solemn”, “monotonous”, “doleful”, and they were an echo from a forgotten past, dating back perhaps a thousand years.
Music in a primitive society tends to be one of the steadiest elements of culture because it is inescapably bound up with the ritual of religion, magic, healing, sorcery, and other kinds of occult practice.
The Maoris have instruments of their own like the : Hue, Putorino , Tokere and many more
There are no current big issues dealing with Maoris. The only concern is their extinction as a whole. This could be resolved by giving them land, money and facilities to start living a civilized life and build a community that could survive the rapid changes of society.
The first step to achieving that is to give them back the land that was bought from them and allowing them to take up important position in the country and solve the issue of unemployment,