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Belo Monte Dam : Human and Environmental Consequences
Transcript of Belo Monte Dam : Human and Environmental Consequences
Impact on the fauna and flora (plant life)
Impact on the local population
Recovery of degraded rundown areas
Monitoring social-environmental plans and programs (preventing violent breakouts and relieving social tensions The Planned 668 square kilometers of reservoir for Belo Monte Dam will flood 400 square kilometers of forest, about 0.01% of the Amazon Rainforest. Although this at first seems dispensable, the following statistics prove how much biodiversity there is in the Amazon. Although an estimated number of release of greenhouse gas is unknown, the future official estimation may not be trustworthy, due to the fact that greenhouse gas estimate for Tucurui Dam was 10 times less than it really was. The Xingu River, more specifically, will be hugely affected by the Building of the Dam, with 80% of the water diverted from its original course, causing much drought previous river course areas Perhaps more importantly though, is that the Xingu river contains over 600 species of fish, and have a 'high degree of endemism', meaning a high number of species that are exclusive to that area and found nowhere else. Fishes such as the Zebra Pleco (Hypancistrus zebra), the Sunshine Pleco (Scobinancistrus aureatus), the Slender Dwarf Pike Cichlid (Teleocichla centisquama), the plant-eating piranha Ossubtus xinguense and the Xingu Dart-Poison frog (Allobates crombiei) that are located in the Xingu River are the world's only known distribution of them. By drying up the Xingu river, there is risk of the extinction of hundreds of species of fish. Although Belo Monte Dam will help decrease Carbon Dioxide levels by 38.9%, the ugly truth is that Belo Monte dam will also emit 11.2 million metric tonnes of Carbon Dioxide in its first 10 years and 0.783 million tonnes of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent due to construction and connecting to the national grid.
As well as high Carbon Dioxide emissions, many dams in Brazil release a huge amount of Methane. This is because Carbon Dioxide is trapped in the flooded foilage, and then converted into Methane
It will take the dam 41 years to recover from this deficit, with every year working at optimal generation rate (11,381 megawatts). With an energy output of 11,381 Megawatts, whilst only covering 400sq km of land, it is argued that Belo Monte Dam has a high energy output when compared to its area, but to reach this amount, it also requires help from other supporting dams such as Bella Vista dam and Pimental Dam, each with their own reservoir area and emission release, worsening the situation. A single 10 hectare plot in the Amazon may contain over 700 types of tree
A single tree in the Amazon may contain over 40 different species of ants, more than the entire of Britain
There are 3,000 different species of mammals in the Amazon.
By even destroying 0.01% of the Amazon Rainforest, it will cause unprecedented destruction to life, proved by the fact that 140 species of plant, animal and insect is lost everyday. President of Brazil: Dilma Rousseff When fact and figures are shown like this, it's hard to understand why the Belo Monte Dam even exists...