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Transcript of Sioux Indians
After coming to North America from Asia on the Bering Strait, the Sioux indians were generally nomadic, meaning they followed the buffalo they hunted, and eventually, by the 1700's, settled in the Dakotas.
As a nomadic tribe, they had come across many other tribes. They had also fought alongside the Cheyenne tribe, who settled in South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, and Kansas, in Custer’s Last Stand.
In the 1500’s, the spanish introduces horses to the tribe and in the 1860’s, the Sioux indians battled with the whites to keep their land, and once again in 1876 and 1891.
The use of horses had made their nomadic lifestyle easier by riding the horses to follow the buffalo and to carry food and supplies.
The Sioux indians first contact with whites had ended with a treaty, giving them a reservation. In 1876, rumors of gold in the Sioux’s land spread and led to Custer’s Last Stand, Where the Sioux killed all of the soldiers who attacked them. In The Battle of Wounded Knee, 1891, the Sioux had been defeated and lost about 30,000 indians.
The Sioux had been part of two historical battles, Custer’s Last Stand, which had been a victory, the Battle of Little Bighorn, which was another victory, and the Battle of Wounded Knee, which they had lost.
Major Historical Events
Migration from Asia: Approx. 30,000 years ago
Spanish introduces horses: 1500’s
Land Treaty/ Custer’s Last Stand: 1860’s
Battle of Wounded Knee: 1891
A well-known member of the Sioux tribe was Sitting Bull, who led the Sioux and Cheyenne in Custer’s Last Stand.
Sitting Bull was also well-known for his bravery in war at the age of fourteen.
Sioux indians are known for their straight, jet-black hair, representative of people descending from Asia.
30,000 years ago: Asia to North America(Nomadic)
30,000 years ago-1860’s: North America(Nomadic)-North America(Reservation)
1860’s- now: North America(Reservation)-Dakotas, Nebraska, Montana, Illinois, and Canada
The Sioux are known for their powwows, which is a ceremony held at the same time each year featuring dancing, singing, and lots of food.
The Sioux were the largest indian tribe, also referred to as the Lakota or Dakota Sioux.
Two more Famous Sioux members where Red Cloud, who signed the Second Treaty of Fort Laramie, and Crazy Horse, who Fought alongside Sitting bull in the Battle of Little Bighorn.
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