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War of 1812 Scrapebook

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Sophia Litzman

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of War of 1812 Scrapebook

Why didn't Canada use their own civilians to use as troops?
Causes of The War
By Sophia Litzman, Sydney Pemberton and Emma Keighin
(First 7 slides) (Next 11 slides)

War of 1812 Scrapbook
By Sydney Pemberton
Important People
By Sydney Pemberton

Ending of The War
By Sydney Pemberton
Outcomes of the War

Trade Conflicts
War Hawks
What is it?
Impressment was a tactic that forced men into war without notice
Why was it a factor in causing the war?

The law was only meant for British soldiers to be impressed
British started to impress Americans that were born in Britain and become naturalized American citizens not short after
"Once an Englishman, always an Englishman" was used to real in the American citizens who were born in Britain
5,000-9,000 American sailors were impressed into the Royal Navy
Major conflict aroused and war was brought to mind
What is it?
A government order that restricts exchanges with a specified country
Passed in 1807
Why was it a factor in causing the war?
Prohibited U.S vessels from trading with Europe
Britain's trade regulation- Order in Council
More than 900 U.S ships were seized by Britain or France
Jefferson closed American ports to foreign trade and did not allow U.S ships to leave their own ports
British repealed orders- Information did not reach U.S fast enough- U.S declared war
What is it?
An act of sealing off an area to prevent people or goods from entering or leaving the area
Why was it a causing factor in the war?
Decimated American merchant marine
Less and less merchant ships left ports which caused the U.S to not be able to receive as much money
Francis Scott Key
Dolley Madison
Wrote the Star Spangled Banner
Dolley Madison wanted the President (at the time) to send Francis Scott Key on a ship to save a captured friend of hers
He became inspired after he witnessed distruction on Fort McHenry
Showed his opinions on this event by writing a poem

This treaty was called the Treaty of Ghent and was signed by Belgium
Took four months for Ghent, Belgium to put this agreement into action
Protocol returned territories to rightful owners, freed prisoners, and more
War then ended in 1814
A Contract Ends the War

Who was fighting?
The United States and the British Empire
U.S declared war against Britain on June 18, 1812
Ended on December 24, 1814
United States of America got confident in their fighting services
- Americans could go into war knowing that the U.S. will have a stable and ready to fight military
- This was also known as nationalism because America's Military concurred an even stronger one in the war which gave citizens pride in their country
Canada also may not have become a country if the war of 1812 had never happened
Major Battles
Fort St. Joseph and the Capture of Michilimackinac
Fort Malden or Amherstburg and the Capture of Detroit
Queenston Heights and the Death of Brock
Prescott and the Capture of Ogdensburg
Capture of York
Battle of Fort George
Battle of Stoney Creek
Battle of Beaver Dams
British Defeat on the Detroit Frontier—the Battle of Lake Erie and the Battle of the Thames
The Failed American campaign against Montreal, the Battles of Chateauguay and Crysler’s Farm
The Battle of Chippawa, July 5, 1814, Lundy’s Lane, July 25, 1814, and the Siege of Fort Erie, August 4 – September 21, 1814
Major Events
Born in 1768 and died in 1849
Was a hostess in the White House
Became married to James Madison
Helped her husband become president by being well known in the political fields
Saved one of the
White House's Paintings
in a fire
-That showed how
loyal and caring she was
Work Cited
"The Battle of New Orleans." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014.

"First Lady Biography: Dolley Madison." Dolley Madison Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

Jones, Steve. "The Treaty of Ghent, 1814." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"Primary Documents in American History." Treaty of Ghent: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). N.p., 24 Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"Results of the War of 1812." Results of the War of 1812. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"The War of 1812 Draws to a Close." The War of 1812 Draws to a Close. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"Tecumseh." Tecumseh. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"Chief Tecumseh, Shawnee." Chief Tecumseh, Shawnee. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
By Sydney Pemberton
Native Americans in the war
By Emma Keighin
African Americans in the war
By Emma Keighin
Canadian Perspective
By Emma Keighin
British Perspective
By Emma Keighin
Focused on defense rather then offense
Relied on allies to help with defense
Relied on Defense more then offense
Relied on allies to help defend them
Most British troops where held up in a war against Napoleon's army, but those who weren't went to help defend Canada.
Very little military and navel assistance could be spared for Canada because of this.
At the outbreak of the war, there was approximately 7,000 British ans Canadian troops in upper and lower Canada.
Native Americans also helped with defending Canada
They did, but there was a population of about half a million white males in Canada (the only people allowed to fight) in Canada giving them a limited amount of people to choose for the war.
Only about half a million white males lived in Canada, so there wasn't enough troops to send out to attack the enemy, so they used the troops they had to defend their country.
How did this affect the war?
Native Americans joined the Canadian side of this war.
Native Americans with Canadians
The Canadians couldn't help their allies on the attack side of things, so, for example, the British had troops defending Canada, attacking America, and attacking Napoleons troops. This stretches the British resources such as rations,ammo, and guns.
The fight against Napoleon
The fight against America
The war with the French
Napoleon was their main focus of battle.
They had been in a heated battle with their most famous nemesis when America came and "stabbed them in the back"
Most of the British militia where fighting the french. In fact only 7% of their whole army where fighting America.
The war against America
The British had no interest in fighting against America. They had already had to worry about the French army on top of everything else.
Once the war began, they had one goal, keep America out of Canada and prevent them from claiming any part of it.
African Americans for America Militia
African Americans for Canada and British Militia
Many African Americans fought with the U.S Navy.
10 to 20 percent of sailors where African American volunteers
Although the African Americans were very helpful to the military force, they were still seen not as equal to the white people that fought
In fear of invading America and being put back into slavery, African American troops fought in the upper part of Canada after volunteering for the British army.
Most British troops in Canada were African American because they were thought as the less dominant or important race.
The British also promised freedom for the African American troops after the war was over, if any of them had survived.
Tecumseh was a man in the band Shwanee
This tribes mission was to stop white American settlers from taking their territory away from them
Because of this fact, Tecumseh and his band fought along with the British in the war of 1812
Shwanee fought against the lower and upper parts of Canada because the band's location was closer to this country instead of the U.S.
He joined this tribe because his father was murdered by frontiersmen trying to take their Indian lands
Work Cited
Work Cited
June 18, 1812-United States declared war on Great Britain
October 13, 1812- The British won the Battle of Queenston Heights
January 22, 1813- An American army moving towards Detroit was defeated and later captured.
April 27, 1813- American forces captured York. They later burned public buildings.
September 10, 1813- American naval forces under Master-Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry won the Battle of Lake Erie.
October 5, 1813- American forces won the Battle of the Thames River in Moraviantown
December 1814- British forces captured Fort Niagara, and burned Buffalo and neighboring villages.
July 25, 1814- American forces crossed the Niagara River from Buffalo and later defeated the British at the Battle of Chippewa.
August 24, 1814- British troops invaded Washington, D.C., and burned the Capitol and the White House.
September 11, 1814- American naval forces defeated a British fleet in the Battle of Lake Champlain.
December 24, 1814- The Americans and the British signed a peace treaty in Ghent, Belgium. (Ghent later became the name of the treaty)
January 8, 1815- American forces won the Battle of New Orleans.
By Sophie Litzman
By Sophie Litzman
By Sophie Litzman
By Sophie Litzman
By Sophia Litzman
"Embargo Definition | Investopedia." Investopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
"Major Battles." - Historical Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.
"The War of 1812: Trade Embargoes." The War of 1812: Trade Embargoes. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
"War of 1812." War of 1812. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
"What Caused the War of 1812?" About. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
"The War of 1812: Chronology of Major Events." The War of 1812: Chronology of Major Events. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.
By Emma Keighin
"History." (n.d.): n. pag. Military Society of the War of 1812 -. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

"History." (n.d.): n. pag. Military Society of the War of 1812 -. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.
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