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North American Societies Around 1492

The varied landscapes of North America encouraged the diversity of Native American cultures.

Kelby Royal

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of North American Societies Around 1492

Native Americans Live in Diverse Societies
Eastern Woodlands
Native Americans Share Cultural Patterns
Although no two Native American societies were alike, many did share certain cultural traits.Patterns of trade, attitudes toward land use, and certain religious beliefs and social values were common to many cultures.
Native Americans traded many things, but land was not one of them. They regarded the land as the source of life, not as a commodity to be sold.
Nilla Gottlieb and Kelby Royal
Chapter 1 Section 2
The native groups the lived in North America were very diverse and their continent provided them with many different ways of life.
Kayshaya Pomo described the region of California as "no one land, but many lands"; a long coastline, a lush northern rainforest, and a parched southern dessert.
Trading Networks
Northwest Coast
Trade was one of the biggest factors in bringing Native American peoples into contact with one another. As tribes established permanent settlement, many of these settlements became well known for specified products or skills.
The sea was very important because peoples, such as the Kwakiutl, collected shellfish from the beaches and hunted the ocean for whales, sea otters, and seals.
Land Use
The Kwakiutl people created masks and boats with magnificent totems, that represented their histories. Totems were symbols of the ancestral spirits that guided each family.
Strong ties among family members, ensured the continuation of tribal customs.
Social Organization
Religious Beliefs
Nearly all Native Americans thought of the natural worlds as filled with spirits. Past generations remained alive to guide the living. Some cultures believed in one supreme being, known as "Great Spirit," "Great Mystery," "the Creative Power," or "the Creator."
In the dry desert, a very harsh environment, lived the Pima and Pueblo tribes, descendants of the Hohokam and Anasazi. By 1300, the Pueblo and the Hopi
Religious Beliefs
Native Americans traded many things, but land was not one of them. They regarded the land as the source of life, not as a commodity to be sold.
The landscape of the Southwest contrasted sharply with the woodlands east of the Mississippi River. Here, hardwood forests stretched from the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south.
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