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Transcript of Aerospace Engineer
Responsibilities of an
Design and develop aerospace vehicles, systems and components such as aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, satellites and space-based communication systems
Develop and conduct computer simulations of aerospace vehicles, systems and components using advanced mathematical modeling
Prepare specifications for materials and processes to be used in aerospace manufacturing, maintenance, repair or modification
Supervise and co-ordinate the manufacturing, assembly, modification, repair and overhaul of aircraft and spacecraft
Co-ordinate ground and flight tests of air and spacecraft
• Develop operational specifications, maintenance schedules and manuals for operators
• Develop the technical phases of logistical and operational support for aerospace vehicles and systems
• Investigate and report on structural or other component or system failures, accidents or incidents and prepare recommendations for corrective action.
What is an Aerospace Engineer
- Aerospace engineers can earn anywhere from $50,000 a year to more than $110,000 a year
- Most Aerospace Engineers earn $70,000 a year to $90,000 a year
Starting annual salaries for those with bachelor’s degrees in aerospace engineering tend to be less than those of engineers with master’s degrees or PhDs.
Sample Title: Professional Engineer (P.Eng)
Earnings: $50,000 to $80,000 a year
• 2 to 4 years of experience as an EIT
• Successful completion of exam (professional practice exam or professional examination)
More complex analyses with limited supervision
Supervising the the work of Engineers in training
Sample Title: Supervisory Engineer
Earnings; $75,000 to $110,000 a year or more
• 10 or more years of experience
• Graduate degree in engineering or business administration
• Involved in major engineering programs
responsible for decision making and overall engineering policy
evaluating new design
liaising (cooperating) with other departments to ensure that the engineering work is meeting the requirements of the company
carrying out departmental administrative functions, such as budgeting
Sample Career Path
Sample Title: Engineer-In-Training (EIT)
Earnings: $40,000 to $50,000 a year
• Bachelor’s degree
• Registration with provincial or territorial licensing board
Working under the supervision of a licensed Engineer.
Working with other engineers and researchers to solve design problems
Sample Title: Senior Engineer
Earnings: $65,000 to $100,000 a year
• 5 to 10 years of experience as a P.Eng
• Possibly a graduate degree
Reviewing other engineers’ work
Being responsible for staff and planning
Initiating new design concepts
Assigning responsibilities to other engineering staff
• Experienced aerospace engineers and those in senior research or administrative positions make the most. Generally speaking, the longer one works in the industry, the more one makes.
Employers and Working Conditions
Aerospace Engineers are mainly employed by;
Aircraft and Spacecraft Manufacturers such as:
In Canada, the aerospace sector is dominated by Quebec-based companies, like Bombardier, although Ontario and the West also have significant aerospace clusters.
Government and educational and research institutions.
• NASA, in the US, hires many aerospace engineers to design and test equipment for space travel.
Aerospace Engineers spend most of their time working with:
• They tend to work a regular, 40-hour week but may have to work extra hours to meet deadlines
Canadian Business Magazine named Aerospace Engineer as one of their top 10 best jobs in Canada - 2013 Edition
Why this Career is Suitable for Me
Interests (Things/Hands-On, People, Information
I'm an "Information Junkie", which means I enjoy expressing myself through writing, music, or art, doing experiments or researching, solving puzzles and problems, and studying and reading. An Aerospace engineer’s job is to design and develop aerospace vehicles, systems and components and that includes researching, conducting experiments, solving puzzles and problems. Aerospace Engineering requires at least a Bachelor’s Degree which requires a lot of studying and reading. Art skills can be trasferred to creating and desiging aerospace vehicles by making blueprints.
Left Brain Vs. Right Brain
I am very left-brained which means I’m very rational, analyze situations, usually favor Math/Science, and use logical reasoning. Rational thinking is key when one is thinks of ways to design a shuttle to maximize potential . An Aerospace Engineer needs to know Math and Science to solve problems and does so using logical reasoning. An Aerospace Engineer has to take a lot of factors into consideration when designing so analyzing situations is also a big skill to have
I am a visual learner which means I like using pictures and diagrams when I am studying. This can be useful in Aerospace engineering because most of the job is looking at and creating diagrams and drafts of designs for aircrafts, spacecrafts, and satellites.
My top 3 multiple intelligence results were Logical, Intrapersonal, and Visual/Spatial. Logical intelligence includes doing very well in math and solving math problems. When designing systems and components of aerospace vehicles, one is going to run into problems that can only be solved by math. Engineers use diagrams and charts to design and create things so Visual/Spatial intelligence is very helpful in that situation.
My Holland code was IEC which means I’m investigative, enterprising, and conventional. These are all useful because Aerospace engineers have to investigate math problems, do research and are logical and scientific people. Aerospace engineers also have to be well-organized, practical, and efficient when doing anything and these qualities come with a Conventional personality type.
Holland Personality Test
Graduate Degree (Optional)
• ENG4U – Grade 12 - English – University
• MHF4U- Grade 12 – Advanced Functions – University
• SCH4U – Grade 12 – Chemistry – University
• SPH4U – Grade 12 – Physics – University
• Particular attention paid to Mathematics, Science, and English courses
• The University of Toronto only considers first attempt marks; they do not count repeated courses
• Cut off mark for Engineering Science Program : High 80’s to Low 90’s but does not guarantee admission
University of Toronto – St. George Campus – Engineering Science for 4 years majoring in Aerospace Engineering in the third and fourth years, receiving a BASc (Bachelor of Applied Science)
Professional Experience Year (PEY) Internship Program
The Professional Experience Year (PEY) Internship Program allows students to apply their engineering knowledge in a 12-16 month project-based professional internship. Advantages of this program include sufficient time to become involved in large-scale projects, building relationships with employers, and reaching professional milestones. Students who elect to participate in this optional program make industry contacts, gain valuable career skills and significant professional experience before graduation which will help me obtain a job after graduation. Students register for PEY in their 2nd or 3rd year of study and complete their internship during the following academic year. PEY's can be done at the University of Toronto Campus as well as other Universities in Canada and around the world. Basically, its the University of Toronto's version of a co-op program.
Over 60% of Engineering Science graduates go on to master's or doctoral programs at top Engineering schools around the world – such as MIT, Stanford, Caltech, Berkeley and U of T itself
Master of Applied Science (M.A.Sc.)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
University of Toronto - St. George (After Completion of 4 year Engineering Science Program)
University of Toronto - St. George (After Completion of 2 year M.A.Sc. or fast-track)
complete in two years of full-time study
enhance your career opportunities in research
receive guaranteed funding
choose from U of T’s immense array of engineering disciplines and specialties (Aerospace Studies)
fast-track into the PhD program before completing your M.A.Sc.
It is anticipated that M.A.Sc. students will complete their degree requirements in 18 months.
complete your advanced research degree at Canada’s top engineering school
cement your career opportunities as a researcher and extend your network
receive guaranteed funding
choose from U of T’s immense array of engineering disciplines and specialties
enter the program on a fast-track from the U of T M.A.Sc. program
PhD candidates typically take between two and six years to complete the requirements of the degree. Only full-time study is available.
Carleton University – Aerospace Engineering for 4 years receiving a BEng (Bachelor of Engineering)
Master’s Degree in Space Engineering from the California Institute of Technology
Degree of doctor of philosophy (PhD) in aeronautics or space engineering from California Institute of Technology
Preparing for the Future
Joining Clubs such as DECA and ATOMS to develop people skills and teamwork skills to help me stand out in the crowd of people who are competing against me for University programs and jobs
Joining ATOMS to further my understanding of general science and doing experiments
Joining the Grade 10 Enriched Science Program to go beyond what the normal course teaches
Reading books about famous Scientists to find examples of successful stories and to discover role models
Researching Aerospace Engineering
I will research about other successful Aerospace Engineers and see what qualities they have so I can see what qualities I have to work on to become an Aerospace Engineer
Some of my Education is already paid through a Children’s Education Fund but I will still have to get a part time job to pay for my books and other necessities
Getting high enough marks for English – Reading every day and writing short stories and essays will help me develop my English skills
Career Studies Culminating Activity
Balancing my schoolwork, my job, and my extracurricular activities – Cutting down my hours of watching television, doing homework at school whenever I have the chance, creating an organized schedule
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Joining more clubs and moving up in position of management of clubs will develop my leadership skills and communicating skills
Taking Computer Programming Classes to give me a basic understanding of Programming since Aerospace Engineers work mainly on computers.
Not having enough money for books and other essential supplies for University - Getting a part-time job now to save money for University
Not getting high enough grades for Math and Science Courses (Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Advanced Functions, Calculus & Vectors) - Doing more exercises in the textbook and reading over the curriculum over the summer will help me be prepared for the next year
Not enough job openings in the future - Make myself stand out by developing a variety of engineering skills so that if there are no jobs, i can transfer easily to another occupation in the engineering field