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Making Inferences 10/24
Transcript of Making Inferences 10/24
What is making an inference?
In fact, inferences are part of everyday life
Discovering the ideas in writing that are not stated directly is called making inferences.
It's what some people describe as "reading between the lines."
Simply refer to what you are given by the author (clues) and what you already know (background knowledge) and combine the two to come up with an inference.
Author's Clues + Background Knowledge = Inference
People make inferences all the time. . .
Many jokes require the listener to make inferences
A train says "Choo! Choo!" and a teacher says, "Spit it out."
For example, what is the difference between a train and a teacher?
For example . . . What is the difference between a train and a teacher?
Can anyone analyze this? What background knowledge does someone have to know for the joke to work (or make sense)?
Comics are much the same. What does the reader need to know in order to "get" this comic?
What about this one? Can someone analyze this and explain why it is supposed to be funny?
What are the
do you need
The FSA is filled with Level 3/Author and You questions that require you to make inferences in order to answer them.
The important thing is to remember to use the clues you are given and then to add your background knowledge.
Now let's take a look at a sample reading and see if we can make some inferences.
Lucinda and Sam have been best friends since kindergarten. They've never let anything come between them- not even that time Lucinda crashed Sam's new dirt bike. They hang out together, share the same friends, and enjoy the same jokes. Every day at school, they stop to talk to each other in the hallway before fifth period. Today Lucinda has been waiting near Sam's locker, but she hasn't seen him yet.
The passing period between classes is almost over. Knowing she'll be late if she waits any longer, Lucinda heads for her science class. About halfway down the hall, she sees Sam rushing to beat the bell. Lucinda calls, "Hey, Sam! How's it goin'?" Sam glances at her, gives her a dirty look, and then turns his head away. Lucinda shivers.
What's going on?
Even if you don't know Lucinda and Sam, you can figure out what's happening in the story by connecting the details. Let's examine some of the facts we already know and see what else we can figure out.
How do Lucinda and Sam usually feel about each other?
What do they usually do before fifth period?
What happens before fifth period today?
What does Sam do when he sees Lucinda?
Now, based on what you already know, answer the following question.
How is Sam probably feeling when Lucinda sees him in the hallway?
You could use the same technique to make an
inference if someone in our class came in with a frown on their face, threw their books down, and quickly sat in their desk and put their head down.
You could also use inferencing techniques to help when answering words in context questions
For example, when you are given the sentence: "The homecoming celebration was
, with people wildly shouting and cheering, blowing whistles, and pounding on drums."
You can infer "raucous" means... Noisy! Wildly shouting and cheering, blowing whistles and banging on drums are all noisy.
In fact, any Level 3/Author and You question is going to require you to make an inference.
You just have to remember to base your inference on the given facts and your background knowledge.