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Thinking about the Renaissance and Reformation
Transcript of Thinking about the Renaissance and Reformation
For more details, see http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2009/12/liber-chronicarum.html . Here you will find wonderful images from this 1493 chronicle.
1493 image of Venic from the same chronicle as above
Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (1486)
Botticelli, The Mystical Nativity (ca. 1501)
Giovanni Bellini, ca. 1430-1516
Bellini, The Transfiguration of Christ (ca. 1487)
Bellini, Naked Young Woman in Front of the Mirror (1515)
Giotto, died 1337
Petrarch, died 1374
Jacopo Pont0rmo, Portrait of Cosimo de' Medici
Cosimo died in 1464
Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance (PBS)
Nicolò da Voltri, Madonna and Child (late 14th century)
Botticelli, The Virgin Adoring the Child (ca. 1490)
Bellini, Madonna and Child (ca. 1480)
The history of "the Renaissance"
The Early Renaissance
The Late Renaissance
Am I a medieval or a Renaissance image?
Giotto and Petrarch were really both the fathers of the Renaissance?
...or really just a graphical representation in timeline format of some ideas and information that many -- but not all -- historians have connected to the concept of the Renaissance, and that Michael Driedger has chosen to highlight.
Lives of the Artists (1550)
rinascita = Renaissance
Leonardo da Vinci,
Studies of the Arm (ca. 1510)
Opening Up the Textbook
Asking historical questions
using the OUT method
of history as a process, an argument, or stories about the past
Savonarola's execution, 1498
and opponent of
"Bonfire of the Vanities"
Jan of Leiden,
in Muenster, Germany
Savonarola as villain in Assassin's Creed II
"Savonarola tribute" by CatholicChantWarrior
Comment accompanying the "Savonarola tribute": "@dj999dominator The fact that most of those who know of Fra Giralamo hate him and slander him is more than a little disgusting. I hope that, through study, you can come into the light of true wisdom.
CatholicChantWarrior 3 months ago"
popular media today
Image of Mary and Child from St. Catherine's Monastery, Sinai, early 13th century
Selected works by Raphael
Ancient Roman coin
from the reign of Constantine
Perry (6th ed., p. 180; 7th ed., p. 192): "Medieval art served a religious function: the world was a veil merely hinting at the other perfect and eternal world."
Perry (6th ed., p. 177; 7th ed., p. 189): "The humanist attitude toward antiquity differed from that of medieval scholars, who had taken pains to fit classical learning into a Christian world-view." (Compare with Perry's caption about Raphael's painting at the Vatican.)
Perry (6th ed., p. 182; 7th ed., p. 194): "Thus, northern humanists, like those in Italy, were profoundly devoted to ancient learning. But nothing in northern humanism compares with the non-Christian trend of the Italian Renaissance."
Does evidence from Raphael's career turn Perry on his head?
6 skills you practice in HIST 1P99:
asking and trying to answer good questions;
identifying and making central arguments;
using and writing clearly about sources of evidence;
recognizing and analyzing key concepts;
considering multiple perspectives;
acknowledging the limits of ideas (the ideas of others and ourselves).
Everyday questions versus research questions
For more see www.beginningresearchers.com
community of scholarship
John Arnold (p. 5): “The process of writing history (‘historiography’) is full of questions…”; “it never really ends.”
In your semester essay you are comparing two or three contributions to an ongoing debate in the community of scholars (both past and present) who are concerned with the meaning of "Renaissance" as a historical concept.
What makes a good thesis statement?
Mary Lynn Rampolla: A thesis is NOT:
a statement of topic;
a statement of facts;
a statement of personal beliefs.
Rampolla (5th ed., p. 49): A thesis "asserts a conclusion with which a reader might disagree, and which can be supported by evidence from sources."
According the the Wilfrid Laurier University thesis writing guide, good thesis statements in comparative essays consist of a statement of your main argument plus the main points of comparison. For example, you could write: "While x argues the the Renaissance was..., y maintains the opposite position, namely, that the Renaissance was.... These differences, although not absolute, are clearest with regard to issues 1, 2 and 3."
Write about your sources!!!
"In his 1919 book Dutch medievalist Johan Huizinga wrote...".
"While Burckhardt argued over 150 years ago that ..., his views are still influential today. For example, in her 1996 book, entitled..., author x writes that...".
NB: An ellipsis mark (...) shows where you or another author have left out text from an original source.
For Prof. Lendol Calder's examples of naive, fair, good and sophisticated sourcing, see http://www.journalofamericanhistory.org/textbooks/2006/calder/un_syllabus_essay3.html
Lorenzo Valla (died 1457)
Find out more about historical thinking here
Albrecht Duerer, 1471-1528
LUTHER CONTROVERSY TIMELINE
Luther writes the 95 Theses against indulgences; they become public in late October 1517
Erasmus publishes a new edition of the New Testament
A coalition of pro-Lutheran princes and city governments protests against an Imperial decree against Lutherans
Origin of "Protestantism"
Protestants divided by their sacramental practices, among other differences
The Print Revolution starting ca. 1450:
From manuscripts to mass-produced books