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Chp 5 The Sacrament of the Eucharist
Transcript of Chp 5 The Sacrament of the Eucharist
The Sacrament of Eucharist
1.The word Eucharist refers to the entire Mass as well as to the consecrated species of _wheat bread_ and _grape wine_ that we receive during Communion. It also describes what we become: the Body of Christ, as well as our own transformation into Christ’s _hands and feet_ today.
4. The Eucharist is the _Sacrament_ of the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross which makes Jesus _present_ to us today. This “_Real Presence_” says the reality of the bread and wine _changes_ into the reality of Jesus—his risen, _glorified_ Body and Blood.
5. Bread and wine have roots in Scripture: as a sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth, as manna the Israelites ate in the desert, as the “cup of blessing” at the Jewish Passover, and the multiplication of the loaves to feed the thousands.
6. When Jesus announced the meaning of the Eucharist to his disciples, some of them left him and returned to their former way of life.
8. The offering was completely destroyed as an act of thanks to God for all his blessings=Gift Offering
7. Part of the food was given to God while the people ate the other part=Shared Peace Offering
10. Priests offered these sacrifices to God, asking for forgiveness of sins the people committed = Atonement
9. The burnt offering and pouring of sacrificial blood of animals sealed the solemn agreement = Covenant Offering
11. All of the Old Testament sacrifices were fulfilled and perfected in the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
12. The Second Coming of Christ = Parousia, At the time when the Kingdom of God will be established & the victory over evil will be complete.
13. The _first_ Christians met on the first day of the week, the day of the Lord’s Resurrection, to _”Break_Bread”_. They continued to practice their _Jewish_ faith too meeting in the Temple for morning _prayer_ and again at night in a member’s _home_.
14. First-century Christians shared a regular meal before they commemorated the Eucharist.
15. The Council of Trent established a uniform way for the celebration of Mass and this Mass was the standard for the Church until the Second Vatican Council.
16. In 1570 the Pius V Missal was printed in Latin and in preference for widespread uniformity, the Church forbade translations into the local languages.
17. Nicene Creed = Formal profession of faith recited at mass
18. The Second Vatican Council allowed for the Mass to be celebrated in the vernacular
Celebrating the Sacrament of the Eucharist
the procession to the _Alter_,
the greeting by the priest,
a rite of blessing, sprinkling or a _penitential _ rite which may consist of the Confiteor and/or the _Lord have Mercy_.
On Sundays the _Glory to God_ is said or sung and then the priest prays an _opening_ prayer
Liturgy of the Word
First Reading from Old Testament, Acts, or Revelation
Second Reading from New Testament letter
Liturgy of the Eucharist
Presentation of the Offering
- Preface—prayer of thanksgiving to the Father
- Sanctus—“Holy, Holy, Holy”
- Epiclesis—“calling down” of the Holy Spirit
- Words of Institution—repeats the words of Christ at the Last Supper
- Intercessions—for all gathered; pope, bishop, clergy; Catholics in need; faithful departed
- Doxology—reminder of our initiation into the life of the Trinity
- Great Amen—“so be it” “I agree” “yes”
- the Lord’s _Prayer_
- Rite of Peace
- _Fraction_ Rite
- reception of Communion
- the _prayer _ after Communion
20. The sacrifice of Christ on the _cross_ and the sacrifice of the _Eucharist_ are one _single_ sacrifice. Each Eucharist is not a new sacrifice, but each Eucharist is the _presence_ in our midst of one _eternal_ sacrifice that Jesus made on the cross.
3. The Eucharist commonly known as “Mass” because the word Mass comes from Missio=”sending forth”
21. Christ’s Presence in the Eucharist
In the Body and Blood of Christ, “the whole Christ is truly, really and substantially contained.”
TRANSUBSTANTIATION= Change of substance
22. At the altar, the priest is acting in the person of Jesus and in the name of the entire assembly.
23. The high point of the entire Mass is the Eucharistic Prayer.
24. The _Epiclesis_ is the part of the Eucharistic Prayer that asks the Father to send the _Holy Spirit_ to sanctify the gifts of bread and wine. In the Words of _Institution_ the priest repeats the words of Jesus at the _Last Supper_.
25. During the anamnesis the Church calls to mind the Passion, resurrection, and glorious return of Christ Jesus.
26. Through the Eucharist we provide physical _food_ but we also strive in all our _relationships_ to provide for the emotional, psychological, and _spiritual_ needs of others through both the _corporal_ works of mercy and the spiritual works of _mercy_.
27. An excellent example of someone whose life was transformed by the Eucharist is Mother Teresa
28. Requirements for Formal Reception
a) To prepare for reception, we must examine our conscience and be in a state of grace.
b) Take part in the liturgy on Sunday & feast days ; and at least once at Easter
c) We must fast for one hour prior to receiving.
29. As the name _Missa: “to send forth”_ signifies, the Mass is meant to encourage _outreach_ by those who have participated. The _Dismissal_ Rite is when the idea of being sent forth is most clearly witnessed: it _sends or commissions_ us to go out to the world and spread the Gospel in our _daily lives_.
30. The Sunday obligation is a requirement of the Third Commandment and a precept of the Church.
Eucharistic Miracle in Siena, Italy Siena, Italy -- August 17, 1730
Consecrated Hosts remain perfectly preserved for over 250 years. Rigorous scientific experiments have not been able to explain this phenomena.
Amsterdam, Holland 1345
Eucharist thrown into fire overnight miraculously is unscathed.
Eucharistic Miracle in Blanot, France Blanot, France -- March 31, 1331
The Eucharist falls out of a woman's mouth onto an altar rail cloth. The priest tries to recover the Host but all that remains is a large spot of blood the same size and dimensions as the wafer.
Again, a priest has difficulties believing in the Real Presence, and blood begins seeping out of the Host upon consecration. Because of this miracle, Pope Urban IV commissioned the feast of Corpus Christi, which is still celebrated today.
Eucharistic Miracle in Lanciano, Italy Lanciano, Italy -- 8th century A.D.
A priest has doubts about the Real Presence; however, when he consecrates the Host it transforms into flesh and blood. This miracle has undergone extensive scientific examination and can only be explained as a miracle. The flesh is actually cardiac tissue which contains arterioles, veins, and nerve fibers. The blood type as in all other approved Eucharistic miracles is type AB! Histological micrographs are shown.