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Psychology and Gender
Transcript of Psychology and Gender
Different "Gender is socially constructed." Gender Dysphoria
in Children Relating Transgender and Disability Rights Treatment is unique among mental illnesses Gatekeeper to Treatment Many insurance companies exclude treatment of GID (or limit treatment for MI in general). If gender is to remain anywhere within the medical realm, it should be within psychology. A diagnosis should not be used to stigmatize or imply there is something wrong with non-conforming gender identity. Psychology is a crucial link, however, between the somatic, the "felt sense" of being, and its social ties. Gender Identity Disorder
in the DSM-IV TR DID implies existence of many personalities in one body
Integration as treatment
Often considered a coping mechanism
Existence is disputed Prescriptive norms determine how we enact and re-enact our gender. But how do we know gender exists before we recognize social norms? Does our gender disappear when we shut our bedroom door? (Butler, 1990). Environmental vs. Medical Model So why bother? "Insistence by a person with a GID that he or
she is of the other sex is not considered a
delusion, because what is invariably meant is that the person feels like a member of the other sex rather than truly believes that he or she is a member of the other sex." (Ross, 2009, p. 168) But does this fit with other classifications of mental illnesses? The belief that one is of the other sex is not delusional due to insight. "YOU'RE DELUSIONAL." Green says gender is an internal conviction, but then why is it so often defined by our social categories of gender? (Salamon, 2006, 583). "What we feel about our bodies is just as constructed as what we think about them."
-- Gayle Salamon more likely to end up as non-transgender homosexual individuals than trans individuals
therapeutic vs. accommodation models Why maintain the medical model? AMA passed Resolution 122 in 2008 Zucker, K. J., Drummond, K. D., Bradley, S. J., Peterson-Badali, M. (2009). Troubled Meditations on Psychosexual Differentiation: Reply to Hegarty. Developmental Psychology, 45(4), 904-908. Butler, J. (1990). Introduction. Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge. Clare, E. (2006). Body Shame, Body Pride: Lessons From the Disability Rights Movement. Transgender Reader. 261-265. Dreger, A. (2009). Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents. Hastings Center Report, 39(1), 26-29. Ross, C.A. (2009). Ethics of Gender Identity Disorder. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry 11(3), 165-170. Salamon, G. (2006). Boys of the Lex: Transgenderism and Rhetorics of Materiality. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 12(4), 575-597. References (Ross, 2009, p. 168) (Dreger, 2009, p. 26-29) (Clare, 2006, p. 262-265) (Ross, 2009, p. 166) Gender and Psychology:
"Diagnosing Gender" Carla Kundert Third party payers should not discriminate against treatment and care for people with GID.