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ARGENTINA WINE REGIONS
Transcript of ARGENTINA WINE REGIONS
What is Terroir?
Is the combination of geographical (soil, water availability, rainfall, altitude, etc)and cultural factors (tradition, techniques) proper of a unique wine region, impossible to be reproduced in any other region. ARGENTINA WINE COUNTRY
Is the most important wine producer of South America
One of the most dynamic countries since 1990
5th wine producer worldwide: 15,5 million hl/year
225.000 cultivated hectares
Well-known by the Malbec grape
Mendoza is considered one of the Great Wine Capitals together with Bordeaux, La Rioja, Lisboa, Firenze, Adelaide, San Francisco and Cape Town. HISTORY
At the end of 19th century, more oak casks started to be used. From1853 Mendoza, the most important wine region of the country, suffered a radical change given to the constitutional organisation: the creation of the Quinta Normal de Agricultura de Mendoza, the first agriculture school of Argentina. The arrival of the train service was another key factor for the development of the industry.
A new administration for water and land management allowed the development of more vineyards and colonization, with an important colaboration of european inmigrants who knew a lot about vinegrowing and winemaking techniques, specially concerning the cultivation of grape varieties for fine wine.
From 1884, the modern wine industry began to be developed in Mendoza and San Juan, after the arrival of the train from Great Britain, which made things easier for the arrival of more inmigrants and the transportation of wines to Bs As.
Wine Consumption in Argentina
• Cultural factor as a key
• People started drinking wine as a tradition
• Quality was not so important for consumers
• Actually it is, given to the diversity of products, innovation and quality obtained, as well as wine value
In the last 4 decades, changes in consumption have been significant
• 70´s Decade: record of consumption per cápita per year, 91 L.
• 80´s Decade: 76 L.
• 90´s Decade: abrupt descent of consumption and increasing of quality: 36 L.
• 2009: 31 L. WINE REGIONS of ARGENTINA CENTRAL WEST REGION MENDOZA
It is divided in 4 wine regions:
EAST: San Martín, Rivadavia, Junin, Santa Rosa, La Paz.
Low altitude vineyards (700 to 800 m.a.s.l).
Very complete ripening of red and whites
Red Wines tend to be more fruity.
BONARDA, SANGIOVESSE, MALBEC, TEMPRANILLO, SYRAH AND CHARDONNAY
SOUTH: San Rafael and General Alvear.
Intermediate climate. Due to the fresher climate, this area is suitable for white grapes to make sparkling wines.
Low altitude and similar situation compared to the East, positive to grow grapes.
MALBEC, SEMILLON, CHENIN BLANC, TEMPRANILLO, BONARDA AND CABERNET SAUVIGNON. UCO VALLEY or CENTRAL OASIS:
San Carlos, Tunuyan and Tupungato.
Strong exposure given to the high altitude vineyards (980 to 1600 m.a.s.l).
Intermediate climate: greater thermal amplitude it favoures the production of colour and tannins in grapes.
As it has a fresh weather, the grapes achieve a great ripeness and high acidity.The vegetative cycle is long and high content of tannins and poliphenols are developed for grapes like:
SAUVIGNON BLANC, CHARDONNAY, MERLOT, MALBEC, CABERNET SAUVIGNON & SOME PINOT NOIR.
UPPER AREA of MENDOZA RIVER: Luján de Cuyo and Maipú
It present many differences in short areas.
It has very differentiated thermal amplitude.It develops elegancy and fruit expressions for grapes like:
MALBEC, CABERNET SAUVIGNON, CABERNET FRANC, SYRAH & CHARDONNAY
It is the most traditional wine region so it has old vines, lots of wineries and people involved in the industry. SAN JUAN
Land of hot wine areas like Jachal, Tulum, Calingasta, Iglesia, Zonda, Ullum and Pedernal.
The qualities of the Syrah and Viognier grapes have been highly increased in the last 5 years.
Other grapes like pinot grigio, cabernet franc, tempranillo, semillon and chardonnay are successfully cultivated. North West Region
A distinctive feature of the region in addition to the height, rain is sparse and dry and hot climate, with average high temperatures, and sandy soils that favor drainage.
Includes the vineyards of :
Famatina Valley is the core of the wine industry which develops a wide variety of grapes, specially the torrontes riojano, malbec and syrah.
Well known for the BONARDA
San Huberto MenemChañarmuyo Estate
Potentially interesting for grapes grown in Tinogasta, Belen and Fiambala valley.
Cabernet de los Andes
Finca Don Diego
Frutos de Fiambalá Tucuman
Considered part of the Calchaqui Valleys but less traditional compared to Salta province.
Bodega Arcas de Tolombón
Cafayate Valley has more than 70% of the cultivated areas, and some other places like La Poma, Cachi, San Carlos, Molinos and Colomé show the positive qualities of the torrontes, tannat, malbec, cabernet sauvignon and syrah.
The Calchaquies Valleys, Salta, house the world's highest vineyards.
Jose L. Mounier
Bodega El Molino PATAGONIC REGION
Patagonia is the southernmost region of Argentina where the grapes are grown. It covers the provinces of Rio Negro and Neuquén .
It has more than 4,550 hectares of vines. Winters are severe and summers are cool at night, which allows for a harmonious combination between sugar and acidity, and a wealth of aromas.
Among the qualities of the region is highlighted the long, slow ripening of the grapes. The height that the vineyards are located range from 300 to 500 meters above sea level. All these features endow Patagonian wines of refined taste, an unrivaled aromatic intensity, with a purity of environment and personality, which accounts for the Patagonian region as the world's southernmost region for the development of the industry wine.
Neuquen: San Patricio del Chañar is the most important region, for wineries and tourism services. Pinot Noir, malbec, Chardonnay and sauvignon blanc are some of the cultivated grapes.
Rio negro: Alto Valle del Rio Negro has more experience as a wine region in patagonia, but we need to consider that this is the most recent wine region in the country. Sparkling wines and pinot noirwines are highly qualified.