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Government of Malaysia

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Choo Shinn You

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Government of Malaysia

Government of Malaysia
Index
1. Federal Government Structure Chart( with information)
2. State Government
3. History
4. Current
5. Recent Movement: PRU 13
6. My Opinion
Federal Government
The federal government is the ultimate authority in Malaysia having its base in Putrajaya.

Type: Bicameralism( require a concurrent majority to pass legislation)
Parliament
Divided into Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
Dewan Rakyat
Voted by people
222 members
At least 21 years old
Meet at the Parliament
Responsible for passing, amending and repealing acts of law.
2/3 majority is require to pass a bill
Present to Agong once pass and Agong has 30 days to consider the bill
Dewan Negara
70 members
26 from each states
40 choose by Agong
4 from each federal territory
Each member is appointed 3 years or 6 years
May delay bills which passed by Dewan Rakyat
Cabinet
Appointed by Prime Minister
Meets weekly
Leads by Prime Minister
Judiciary of Malaysia
Prime Minister Department
Najib Razak - Prime Minister
Muhyiddin Yassin - Deputy Prime Minister
Ministers:
Mohamed Nazri - Law and Parliament
Koh Tsu Koon - National Unity and Performance Management
Nor Mohamed Yakcop - Economic Planning Unit
Jamil Khir Baharom - Islamic Affairs
Idris Jala - Performance Management and Delivery Unit
State Government
System similar to Federal Government
9 head of states - Johor, Hegeri Sembilan, Pahang, Selangor, Perak, Kedah, Terengganu, Kelantan and Perlis
4 governors - Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak
Dewan Undangan Negeri
Type: Unicameral
Voted by people of state
Majority party forms government
State elections may held different time with Federal
Power of State Government
Land matters
Public works
Local government
Agriculture and forestry
Islamic law
Public holidays
Local Government
Powers
Collect taxes
Create laws and rules
Grant licenses and permits for any trade
Provide basic amenities
Collecting and managing waste and garbage
Develop the area
Numbers of Local Governments:
12 City Councils
39 Municipal Councils
98 District Councils
5 Modified Local Authorities
Superior Courts
Federal Court
Court of Appeal
High Court
Subordinate Courts
Session Courts
Magistrate Courts
Syariah Court
History of the
Indepedence: 1957
Malaysia: 1963
13 May Riot
Without Singapore: 1965
Before Independence
Before Independence
Historically, none of the states forming the Federation of Malaysia had parliaments before independence, save for Sarawak which have its own Council Negri which enabled local participation and representation in administrative work since 1863. Although the British colonial government had permitted the forming of legislative councils for Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak, these were not the supreme makers of law, and remained subordinate to the British High Commissioner or the Rajah, in case of Sarawak.
Independence: 1957
Malayan gained independence in 1957, the Malayan system of government after that of Britain's, with a bicameral parliament, one house being directly elected, and the other being appointed by the King. Originally Parliament met at the former headquarters building of the Federated Malay States Volunteer Force on a hill near Jalan Tun Ismail. The Senate of Dewan Negara met in a hall on the ground floor and the Dewan rakyat met in the hall on the first floor. With the completion of Parliament House in 1962, comprising a three-storey main building for the two houses of Parliament to meet, and an 18-storey tower for the offices of Ministers and members of Parliament, both houses moved there.
Malaysia: 1963
In 1963, when Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore merged to form Malaysia, the Malayan Parliament was adopted for use as the Parliament of Malaysia. Under the 1957 Constitution of Malaya, most Senators were elected by the state assemblies to provide representation of state interests; the 1963 Constitution of Malaysia saw each state receiving two members, with the rest (including members for federal territories) being appointed by the King on the advice of the Cabinet.
Malaysia without Singapore: 1965
When Singapore seceded from Malaysia in 1965, its legislative assembly became Parliament, and it ceased to be represented in the Parliament of Malaysia.
13 May Riot
Parliament has been suspended only once in the history of Malaysia, in the aftermath of the 13 May race riots in 1969. From 1969 to 1971 – when Parliament reconvened – the nation was run by the National Operations Council (NOC).
: Current

Current seat holding in Malaysia's Dewan Rakyat as of 4 July 2013
Barisan Nasional 133
United Malays National Organization (UMNO) 88
United Traditional Bumiputera Party (PBB) 14
Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) 7
Sarawak Peoples' Party (PRS) 6
Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) 4
United Sabah Party (PBS) 4
Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party (SPDP) 4
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) 3
Pakatan Rakyat logo variation.svg Pakatan Rakyat (PR) 89
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 38
People's Justice Party (PKR) 30
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 21
Total 222

Seat holding in Malaysia's Dewan Negara as of 2008
Barisan Nasional: 56
United Malays National Organization (UMNO) 30
Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) 10
Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) 6
Malaysian People's Movement Party (Gerakan) 2
United Traditional Bumiputera Party (PBB) 3
Pakatan Rakyat: 8
People's Justice Party (PKR) 3
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 3
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 2
Vacancies 6
Total: 70

Ministers of Finance: Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak
Ministers of Education and Higher Education: Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin
Minister of Transport: Hishammuddin Hussein
Minister of Plantation: Douglas Uggah Embas
Minister of Home Affairs: Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Ministry of Communication: Ahmad Shabery Cheek
Minister of Energy: Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongki
Minister of Rural and Regional Development: Mohd. Shafie Apdal
Minister of International Trade and Industry: Mustapa Mohamed
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation: Dr. Ewon Ebin
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment: Palanivel Govindasamy
Minister of Tourism and Culture: Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry: Ismail Sabri Yaakob
Minister of Defence: Hishammuddin Hussein
Minister of Works: Fadillah Yusof
Minister of Health: Dr. Subramaniam Sathasivam
Minister of Youth and Sports: Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar
Minister of Human Resources: Richard Riot Jaem
Minister of Domestic Trade: Hasan Malek
Minister of Urban Wellbeing: Abdul Rahman Dahlan
Minister of Community Development: Rohani Abdul Karim
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Anifah Aman
Minister of the Federal Territories: Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor
No. of DUNs of each state
Perlis(15): BN-13, PR-2
Kedah(36): BN-21, PR-15
Kelantan(45): BN-12, PR-33
Perak(59): BN-31, PR-28
Terengganu(32): BN-17, PR-15
Penang(40): BN-10, PR-30
Pahang(42): BN-30, PR-12
Selangor(56): BN-12, PR-44
N. Sembilan(36): BN-22, PR-14
Johor(56): BN-38, PR-18
Sabah(60): BN-48, PR-12
Recent Movements: PRU 13
Malaysia held general elections on 5 May 2013 following the dissolution of the Parliament announced by the Prime Minister on 3 April 2013. Both the House of Representatives and 12 out of 13 State Legislative Assemblies (with the exception of Sarawak) were renewed, following the practice established in 2004 to hold these elections simultaneously.

The ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, dominated by the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party of prime minister Najib Razak, formed the government with a majority of seats and 47.38% of the popular vote while the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) coalition led by Anwar Ibrahim formed the bulk of the opposition in Parliament after winning 50.87% of the popular vote. This dissonance between the popular vote and the formation of government is due to the use of the first-past-the-post system where government is formed by the party or coalition of parties with the most number of seats as opposed to the party with the most number of votes. Though the PR increased its representation in parliament by 7 seats, it was insufficient to attain a simple majority of 112 seats necessary to form government.
It is an honor to be a Malaysian because Malaysia is multiracial and a democratic country. But there is still room of improvement to be a better country. First, we must solve the problem that the dirty politicians use our money for their own good. Second, the PRU system must change, the people for each district must have a nearly even number, instead of 10 times more. Third, the PRU need to be more fair because the use of nail ink is not efficient enough, we can wipe it off easily. Fourth, our government need to increase the subsidies of oil, sugar and a few things instead of giving money to the people like the 1M Bantuan. In my opinion, our system is democratic, but the PRU is too dirty. The government cheat so much the opposition is unable to win. To improve, the government must change system to make this country more democratic.
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