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Transcript of Figurative language
What Are Metaphors?
A metaphor compares two things, but does NOT use the words
A metaphor says that one thing
actually something else.
What is onomatopoeia?
Onomatopoeia uses a word to demonstrate a sound.
That was an example of onomatopoeia. It sounds like what it means right?
Is life really a highway?
No, that is a metaphor.
What Is A Hyperbole?
A hyperbole is a great exaggeration used to give a statement impact or emphasis.
Here Is An Example of Hyperbole
What is a simile?
A simile compares two unlike things using "like" or "as."
Would you really catch a grenade for someone?
No. That is an exaggeration.
What Is An Idiom?
An idiom is a phrase or expression thats meaning is different from the actual words.
Example Of A Idiom.
To understand figurative language, you have to understand the difference between:
To be "literal" is to mean EXACTLY what you say.
So, the phrase “It’s raining cats and dogs” means exactly what this cartoon shows.
To be figurative is to NOT mean what you say but imply something else. The meaning is hidden.
For example: It's raining cat and dogs.
The actual meaning is . . .
creates a picture in readers' minds by expressing an idea in an imaginative way.
It helps the reader better understand the story or text.
"I'm so hungry I could eat a horse!"
Translation: "I'm very hungry!"
What is imagery?
Descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five human senses.
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way.
“You're driving me up a wall!”
does not mean . . .
“You are making me feel crazy!”
What is personification?
Giving human qualities to an animal or object.
What is alliteration?
The repetition of the same initial letter or sound in a series of words.
Alliteration includes tongue twisters.
Sheila Shorter sought a suitor;
Shelia sought a suitor short.
Sheila’s suitor sure to suit her;
Short’s the suitor Sheila sought!
by Michael Rosen
When Anna didn't get her way, she cried like a baby.
When Anna didn't get her way, she cried
In this example,
is being compared to a
because babies cry a lot. This doesn't mean, however, that Anna is a baby. It simply means that she is acting like one.
For example: Alex's stomach is a bottomless pit.
Alex's stomach is being compared to a bottomless pit. His stomach isn't literally a bottomless pit, it simply means that he can eat a lot.
Ticket to leave:
Is the following video personification?
Explain your answer.
Write a creative and original sentence using each of the following: