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Cite it Right

Academic integrity, citation and plagiarism.
by

Kathryn FitzGerald

on 21 April 2011

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Transcript of Cite it Right

f(x)dx In-text Citation Reference
List Article Web Book Cite it Right "The wrongful appropriation and purloining, and publication as one’s own, of the ideas, or the expression of the ideas ... of another." Plagiarism at the University of Toronto is a serious offense under the University's Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters Ignorance of the rules is not an excuse for committing plagiarism.
Consequences for plagiarizing can include failing marks, delay of graduation and even expulsion. Your responsibilities Know where to get more help. Your professors, the BIC and the University writing centre can provide guidance on avoiding plagiarism. Direct quotes
Paraphrasing or summarizing content Give credit where credit is due.
Help others retrace your steps. "Our public policies designed to increase innovation aren’t working and this is because we confuse “innovation” with “invention.” The terms are actually very different." Current public policy doesn't differentiate between innovation and invention, two very different concepts. Many people have called for reforming Canada's innovation policy. Essay:
Roger Martin writes, "Our public policies designed to increase innovation aren’t working and this is because we confuse 'innovation' with 'invention.' The terms are actually very different" (2010, p. B2).

Reference list:
Martin, R. (2010, June 11). Inventions are fine, but it's the innovation that matters.
The Globe and Mail, p. B2. Essay:
Roger Martin (2010) notes that current public policy doesn't differentiate between innovation and invention, two very different concepts.

Reference list:
Martin, R. (2010, June 11). Inventions are fine, but it's the innovation
that matters. The Globe and Mail, p. B2. Provide basic citation information (author, year and page number) to credit specific ideas you've used from a source. Provide complete citation information to help others retrace your steps. Published materials (books, articles, conference proceedings)
Statistics and data sets
Lectures and conference presentations
Emails, letters, phone calls
Designs, logos, images In-text citation:
By 2030, some scholars envision a new world order in which U.S. hegemony is replaced with cooperative engagement with rising Asian powers (Dobson, 2009).

Reference list:
Dobson, W. (2009). Gravity Shift: How Asia's new economic powerhouses will shape the twenty-first century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. In-text citation:
Indeed, Florida argues that the current economic crisis heralds "the end of a whole way of life" (2009, p. 45).

Reference list:
Florida, R. (2009). "How the crash will reshape America." The Atlantic Monthly, 303(2), 44-56. In-text citation:
On Goldman's heads-I-win-tails-you-lose incentives, Martin writes, "This payoff structure encourages managers to swing for the fences with their clients' money rather than actually take care of it—i.e. hit a home run and you are mega-rich; strike out and you are merely very rich" (2010, para. 5).

Reference list:
Martin, R. (2010, April 18). Goldman's Shell Game. Retrieved from http://www.thedailybeast.com/blogs-and-stories/2010-04-18/goldmans-shell-game/ Academic Integrity at the Rotman School of Management Plagiarism Cite it right In-text citations
Bibliography or reference list Why When Where What How Follow an approved style guide such as APA. Elements of Style: APA Pop Quiz Citation Management Tools Many article databases format citations for you.
Look for features like "cite this" or "create your bibliography" to speedily format your reference list in the style of your choosing. Citation management software Collect, organize, cite and share references. RefWorks Free web-based product with web browser plug-in.
Add citations as you browse the web.
Import citations manually from other sources.
Format reference lists in APA and other styles.
Integrate with Microsoft Word for faster in-text citations. Citation in context: Academic research "If I have seen further it is only by standing on the shoulders of giants."
- Isaac Newton Citations help your readers by:
proving your familiarity with experts and research in your field
allowing them to retrace your steps in their own research Citations are a critical tool for academic research and communication As a researcher, citations allow you to:
contribute to the development of knowledge in your field
construct a stronger argument by building on previous research Giving credit where it is due
Leaving a trail for other readers Key themes http://www.governingcouncil.utoronto.ca/policies/behaveac.htm Know what is expected of you. Familiarize yourself with the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters. Know when and how to cite your sources. Consult the APA style guide for guidance. Using Sources (U of T Writing Centre): http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/using-sources For more information Social Sciences Author Year Page Source Quote Summary Paraphrase Discipline Components Used for Taken from Sub-components American Psychological Association. 2010. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Assocation (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Integrate citation management into your research process. Your own good judgment:
Be meticulous with your research.
Take careful notes or save the articles you consult.
Clearly differentiate between your ideas and other authors'. Article database tools Popular sources: Websites, blogs and other sources must be added manually. RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Zotero and others + - Scholarly sources: RefWorks is integrated with key business databases and the library catalogue. Zotero Some scholarly databases don't have a Zotero plug-in. Subscription product available through U of T.
Export citations from databases as you search.
Import citations manually from other sources.
Format reference lists in APA and other styles.
Integrate with Microsoft Word for faster in-text citations. + Web sources: Easily integrated with your web browsing. - Direct plagiarism:
Buying a term paper
Submitting a friend's old paper
Copying whole passages from another source Mosaic plagiarism: blending copied words or phrases in with your own words. Improper paraphrasing or summarizing: putting an author's ideas into your own words without giving the author credit for the idea. The pursuit of operational effectiveness is seductive because it is concrete and actionable. Over the past decade, managers have been under increasing pressure to deliver tangible, measurable performance improvements. Programs in operational effectiveness produce reassuring progress, although superior profitability may remain elusive. Business publications and consultants flood the market with information about what other companies are doing, reinforcing the best-practice mentality. Caught up in the race for operational effectiveness, many managers simply do not understand the need to have a strategy. Striving for operational effectiveness is appealing because it is concrete and actionable in an era when managers are under increasing pressure to deliver tangible, measurable performance improvements. Operational effectiveness programs produce results, although they do not always lead to profitability. The market is flooded with information about what other companies are doing, strengthening the best-practice mentality. In a race for operational effectiveness, managers overlook the importance of strategy. For managers under pressure to perform, operational effectiveness is appealing because it produces quantifiable results. However, managers risk focusing on operational effectiveness at the expense of an overarching strategy. Direct quote:

"The pursuit of operational effectiveness is seductive because it is concrete and actionable. Over the past decade, managers have been under increasing pressure to deliver tangible, measurable performance improvements. Programs in operational effectiveness produce reassuring progress, although superior profitability may remain elusive. Business publications and consultants flood the market with information about what other companies are doing, reinforcing the best-practice mentality. Caught up in the race for operational effectiveness, many managers simply do not understand the need to have a strategy" (Porter, 1996, p. 75 ).

Reference List
Porter, M. (1996). What Is Strategy?. Harvard Business Review, 74(6), 61-78. Cited summary:

Porter (1996) explains that for managers under pressure to perform, operational effectiveness is appealing because it produces quantifiable results. However, he warns that managers risk focusing on operational effectiveness at the expense of an overarching strategy.

Reference List
Porter, M. (1996). What Is Strategy?. Harvard Business Review, 74(6), 61-78. 3 2 1 APA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue OWL): http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Cite it Right Lib Guide: http://utoronto.libguides.com/biccitations
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