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Transcript of Hippies
What Are Hippies?
Language and Symbols
-Hippies were teenagers and young adults during the 1960s and early 1970s who were apart of the hippies counterculture movement.
-They believed in peace and love while fighting against war and violence.
- "Free Love" Society - where everyone was free to love whoever they chose no matter what race or gender.
-They were full of life, light, optimism and hope for a better world.
-They are also commonly referred to as "Flower Children".
History Of Hippies
The Human Be-In was an event in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park on January 14, 1967. It was a prelude to San Francisco's Summer of Love.
Allen Ginsberg- coordinator and head of the 1967 "Human Be-In", American Poet from "the Beat generation" (the 50s) furthered the hippie movement and gained recognition for it.
The name "hippies" originated from "hipsters".
Peace sign- calm, serenity, global peace, absence of aggression
Flowers- community, friendship, perfection of harmony with heart and soul (often worn in hair as a sign of their love of nature)
Brightly colored clothing- refusal to conform
Meditation- gave inner peace
Woodstock music festival: time to celebrate their lifestyle and spread the power of peace. No fences, guards, or showers represented total freedom
Music and art were both ways that hippies expressed themselves. Art was often inspired by drug induced hallucinations- colorful, bright, and difficult to interpret
First two fingers up = peace. Sign of acceptance
Common language and slang:
"Give peace a chance" "Go with the flow" "if it feels good, do it" "make love, not war"
Nonviolence: "Make Love, Not War".
Protests: They were firm believers in protesting their beliefs. They were sometimes simply excuses for celebrations of life. Anti-war protest and marches were very popular.
Emphasized acceptance of all people.
Valued carefree lifestyle, live in the moment, enjoy life.
Freedom and respect for individuals rights.
Cheerfulness, happiness, honesty, and joy.
Love and acceptance of all people.
Nature and the environment.
Hippies sanction the government: Hippies would very often protest the government in forms of propaganda as well as actual protest marches
Society sanctioning the hippies:
Among mainstream society there was a lot of judgement of hippies being dirty and lazy based on the fact that not many had steady jobs; most couldn't support a family.
They were also often judged for such public sexual activity and drug use
Positive sanction among hippies:
All hippies loved each other regardless of anything, they were all accepting and loving towards one another
Hippies used music to express themselves emotionally, spiritually, and politically. Music made a statement, gave them a voice, and united them. As hippies explored their inner world, music guided them along their quest for meaning.
Hippies were extremely influenced by the popular music artists of their time; these included:
John Lennon (The Beatles): his views and beliefs were common to the hippie culture and were portrayed in his music, "Imagine no possessions, I wonder if you can, No need for greed or hunger, a brotherhood of man. Imagine all the people sharing the world."
Jim Morrison (The Doors): "I like ideas about the breaking away or overthrowing of established order...It seems to me to be the road towards freedom- external freedom is a way to bring about internal freedom."
Jerry Garcia (The Grateful Dead)
And many more
The hippie culture grew very strong in a town in California called Haight. In this town there were "Psychedelic Shops" that sold books about drugs & exotic religions, crafts, records, and handmade clothes. This also served as a popular hangout spot.
The Avalon Ballroom was also a common place for hippies to go. It was a night club that had live music playing, often featuring The Grateful Dead.
The atmosphere of these areas was very easy-living, laid back, and stressed the importance of sharing.
The hippie movement gained a lot of momentum during the Vietnam War, because people were looking for peace.
Hippies General Appearance
Always questioned authority and highly against the governments power structure.
Remain free from rules and all norms of mainstream society.
Free love and sexual liberation meaning you could love anyone, anywhere, anytime without feeling any guilt .
Vegetarianism was common.
Main focus on peace, love, happiness, and personal freedom.
Earthly spirituality and respect for nature.
Many had an almost "childish" fascination with beads, flowers, bells, blinding strobe lights, extremely loud music and exotic dancing.
Opposed nuclear weapons and extremely Anti-War.
Hoped to change society by "dropping out of it".
Often drove VW vans (usually colorfully painted) so that they could pack up and travel to wherever they wanted, whenever they wanted. (usually music festivals).
Hippies are considered to be a counterculture because they are highly against the government. They believe in a very laid back and peaceful society.
Drug usage was considered normal for hippies, especially drugs like LSD and marijuana. Hippies were identified by their constant drug use, some said "it was the glue of the movement".
They justified their drug use as a way of expanding their consciousness and loosening inhibitions. It also was said to influence philosophy, music and art.
Marijuana- the usage of this marijuana often contributed to their relaxed, carefree lifestyle and they also believed it increased their creativity.
LSD- they would "drop acid" to induce altered states of consciousness, explore the mind, and change their perception (commonly called a "psychedelic experience").
Hippies tended to avoid harder drugs such as heroin and amphetamines because they saw them as addictive and harmful.
Often little clothing.
Brightly colored loose clothing.
Long hair, middle parting, braids.
Flowers in hair.
Bandanas & headbands.
Handmade jewelry (often Native American style).
Bells (symbolizing importance &love of music).
Jewellery on women's ankles.
Bell bottom jeans.
Long beaded necklaces.
Men- often had beards and long hair, dreadlocks.
Women- little to no make-up, often went bra-less, sometimes even shirtless.
The major hippie movement was originally founded by a group of teenagers and young adults that found the mainstream culture and government to be corrupt. They were more concerned about peace, love, happiness, and acceptance, and very very against the Vietnam War.