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COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS AND DIDACTICS:
Transcript of COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS AND DIDACTICS:
NEW MODELS OF TEACHING
Learning foreign language is
a difficult process.
• students' degree of understanding of a new material,
• their ability to perceive, process and structure received information
• to transfer it via communicative channels.
Pedagogy cognitive linguistics
Teachers of any educational establishment are facing the problem, how much they should give to a student or a pupil to make the process of learning easy, interesting, intensive, and pleasant
Frames and scripts as means of knowledge presentation
Semantic roles in linguistics
Prof. Nataliya Panasenko, DrSc. Dr. Dana Petranová, PhD Ass. Prof. Slavomír Magál, PhD
covers a wide array of topics on cognition, it tends to view the world outside the mind much as other sciences do.
Teaching process in general or lecture as its important component is a frame (Minsky) or as its version – a script (Schank, Abelson) + Ch. Fillmore 's semantic cases.
What is a frame? When one encounters a new situation (or makes a substantial change in one's view of the present problem) one selects from memory a structure called a frame Marvin Minsky 1979)
The variety of frame is script (Roger Schank, 1972 Robert P. Abelson, 1973)
The process of teaching in general and lecturing in particular can be presented in the following way
Objective (O) – the semantically most neutral case, the case of anything representable by a noun whose role in the action or state identified by the verb is identified by the semantic interpretation of the verb itself;
Resultative (R.) – testifies to the positive or negative results of some action;
Target (Tgt.) – purpose of doing /having smth;
Time (T.) – indicates the time of performing the action. (after Charles Fillmore (1981, 1988).
We can represent the frame of a lecture in a following way
(make the scheme 1)
Semantic roles in pedagogy
Usually it is a teacher. It is very important to attract students, especially future teachers, in the process of teaching assistance and to shift a student from the role of Addressee to the role of Agent
This case implies the audience, i.e., students. It's good when this case coincides with
It is one of most important factors. Traditional piece of chalk and a blackboard have been substituted or even ousted by OHP, data projector, computer, TV, Internet, and other media
As Buckingham (2005: 4) writes, the term “media” includes the whole range of modern communications media: television, the cinema, video, radio, photography, advertising, newspapers and magazines, recorded music, computer games and internet.
There appeared a new trend in pedagogy – media education, which has its adherents in many countries [Buckingham, 2005; Lavendar et al.,(eds), 2003;. Magál et al., 2009; Mihailidis & Moeller, 2010; Panasenko, 2006; Petranová, 2013]
David Buckingham (2005: 4): media education is the process of teaching and learning about media – media literacy is the outcome – the knowledge and skills learners acquire. Media education therefore aims to develop both critical understanding and active participation.
This case is connected with the aspect of teaching. We may concentrate our efforts on theoretical material, topic under consideration, translation, textual analysis and many other things.
jellus metonymy - 5'01 - make shorter
topic under consideration
illustration to poems (from photo albums) and some literary texts
translation (presentation Translation)
Nowadays there are more and more foreign students, whose native tongue is Mongolian, Vietnamese, Hindi, Arabic, African languages and so on. For a teacher it is difficult to check the degree of text understanding, especially when it concerns such subjects, as Stylistics, Text interpretation, Analytical reading, etc., where we must discuss text categories, find stylistic devices and ways of creating images.
Thus we may use such and instrument, as text visualization. It was introduced by Lookin (1999) and implied a sort of schemes, which show the relations between text characters, time and place, etc.
We also used different schemes at first:
Now thanks to cognitive approach to education we have nice presentations, set of photos and videos. The most important thing which our students must remember is that text visualization is not illustration to a text.
With the help of different colours, contrast of black and white, music, humour, usage of latest events highlighted in media students create unique pieces of art worthy of great respect and admiration. It may be also considered as
Literary text "While the auto waits" by O.Henry -
put here presentation by Gabrisova Tomova
implies shifting addressee role to agent role, developing creative thinking of students, highlighting important details in a text, checking text comprehension using different traditional and non-traditional techniques. In the short story "The Great Fire" by Ray Bradbury we may find words belonging to lexico-semantic field "Fire" (red colour, fireball, orange juice, which has the colour of fire and many others).
file from Mikulasova
put here presenatation - SAHA
Photos of Petranova's books and Magal's if possible together with their small photos. Mihailidis, P. & Moeller, S. New frontiers in global media education. Communication today, 2, 2010, 6-13. Their photos in a file. If possible, to find pictures of Buckingham.
Notwithstanding the subject, any teacher's aim must be to achieve a mastery of the classical skills of understanding spoken and written English.
English for journalists and PR managers – Publicistic style
The speech by Martin Luter King "I have a dream"
file from Jana Duricova
It was the teacher, who was the key person at the lecture delivered in a traditional way. Because of ties between different slots in a frame «teaching » we may consider the lecture a sort of a web, where the teacher is the coordinator, the producer of a show, which includes many participants. In media education, the accent has been shifted to a student, who started knitting one’s own web.
Among the positive results of our efforts is, without doubt, the great interest expressed by young people to learning useful, but sometimes difficult subjects and strongly developed creative thinking.
Names of students who are the authors of photos.
Mgr. Igor Lakatoš
Addressee (Adr.) – an intended direct recipient of the speaker's communication;
Agent (A.) – a person who performs any action, in the sentence it is a subject;
Benefactive (B.) – addressee of the action (may be animated/unanimated, a man/an animal) which is concerned with the perceived beneficiary of a state or an action;
Instrument (I.) – a thing with which some actions a performed;
Locative (L.) – the case which signifies the location where the action takes place;