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Transcript of Sochi 2014
Many buildings have been added such as the Fisht Olympic Stadium and various hotels and apartment buildings, plus the Olympic Village composed of various other buildings. Controversies have been that a lot of the buildings weren't built on time, and the ones that were had lots of problems such as no running water, pillows or bed sheets. The Olympics total costs are around 51 billion dollars
Transformation to host the Winter Olympics:
The Olympics medals are made of : 92.5% silver for the Silver and Gold medals. Gold medals must be plated with at least 6 grams of gold. Bronze medals are bronze. All Olympic medals must be at least 3 mm thick and at least 60 mm in diameter.
History Of The Olympic Games:
Then and Now
According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to 776 BC. They were dedicated to the Olympian gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. They continued for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 A.D. that all such "pagan cults" be banned.
All free male Greek citizens were entitled to participate in the ancient Olympic Games, regardless of their social status. The Olympic victor received his first awards immediately after the competition. Following the announcement of the winner's name by the herald, a Hellanodikis (Greek judge) would place a palm branch in his hands, while the spectators cheered and threw flowers to him. Red ribbons were tied on his head and hands as a mark of victory.
The ancient Games included running, long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing, pankration and equestrian events.
It was Pierre de Coubertin of France who tried to revive the Olympic Games, although others before him had tried to revive these Games during the 19th century, without having Coubertin’s success. Drawing inspiration from the ancient Olympic Games, he decided to create the modern Olympic Games. With this purpose, he founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894 in Paris.
The new committee set itself the objective of organizing the first Olympic Games of modern times. A modern Olympiad refers to a four-year period beginning January 1 of a year in which the Summer Olympics are due to occur. There are 35 sports making over 400 events. Women first competed in 1900. The olympics in 2012, London had the most participation. The first winter olympics were in 1924.
Rituals associated with the
Flame & Torch:
The Olympic motto is Citius - Altius - Fortius, which means Faster, Higher, Stronger.
The Olympic symbol consists of five interlaced rings of equal dimensions, used alone, in one or in five different colors, which are, from left to right, blue, yellow, black, green and red. The Olympic symbol (the Olympic rings) expresses the activity of the Olympic Movement and represents the union of the five continents and the meeting of athletes from throughout the world at the Olympic Games.
The current Oath, which refers to doping and drugs, was introduced in December 1999, and was sworn for the first time at the Opening Ceremony of the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney:
“In the name of all the competitors I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honour of our teams.”
The Olympic Creed reads: "The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well."
The Olympic flame is a symbol of the Olympic Games. Commemorating the theft of fire from the Greek god Zeus by Prometheus, its origins lie in ancient Greece, where a fire was kept burning throughout the celebration of the ancient Olympics. The fire was reintroduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, and it has been part of the modern Olympic Games ever since. In contrast to the Olympic flame proper, the torch relay of modern times, which transports the flame from Greece to the various designated sites of the games, had no ancient precedent and was introduced by Carl Diem at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin
The Olympic Anthem anthem was created by opera composer Spyridon Samaras, with lyrics by Greek poet Kostis Palamas. The Olympic opening ceremonies represent the official commencement of an Olympic Games.
It doesn't say how much money Sochi will gain, but it is assumed they make a lot from hotel accommodations, souvenirs, food, etc. 1.1 million people were expected to visit. Most of the money Sochi probably made was in sponsorships, such as Coca-Cola, NBC, and McDonalds.
How the sports changed
The olympics have gotten more and more high tech over the years. Almost all athletes wear very advanced suits specially developed to make them faster and lighter. Also, more safety features have been added such as helmets for skiers.