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Unit 2 - Ancient Near East
Transcript of Unit 2 - Ancient Near East
3500 B.C.E.–300 C.E.
White Temple and its ziggurat.
Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 3500–3000 B.C.E. Mud brick.
Palette of King Narmer.
Predynastic Egypt. c. 3000–2920 B.C.E. Greywacke, height 25”. Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.
Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna
(modern Tell Asmar, Iraq). Sumerian.
c. 2700 B.C.E. Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone, height of largest figure approx. 30"
Saqqara, Egypt. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty. c. 2620–2500 B.C.E. Painted limestone, height 21”
Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur
(modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 2600–
2400 B.C.E. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’7”
Great Pyramids (Menkaura, Khafre, Khufu) and Great Sphinx.
Giza, Egypt. Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty. c. 2550–2490 B.C.E. Cut limestone, 450’, height of Great Sphinx, 65’.
King Menkaura and queen.
Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty. c. 2490–2472 B.C.E. Greywacke with traces of red and black paint, height 54 ½”.
The Code of Hammurabi.
Babylon (modern Iran). Susian. c. 1792–1750 B.C.E. Basalt, height of stele approx. 7’4”; height of figural relief 28”.
Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall.
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th and 19th Dynasties. Temple: c. 1550 B.C.E.; hall: c. 1250 B.C.E. Cut sandstone and mud brick, complex 247 acres, walls 39’ high x 26’ thick; hall 58,000 sq. feet, 12 central columns 75’ high, capitals diameter 22’.
Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut.
Near Luxor, Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1473–1458
B.C.E. Sandstone, partially carved into a rock cliff, and red granite, height 8’6”
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters.
New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty. c. 1353–1335 B.C.E. Limestone, 12 ¼” x 15 ¼”.
Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin.
New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. c. 1323 B.C.E. Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones, height 6’7/8”, weight nearly 243 pounds.
Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb (page from the Book of the Dead).
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty. c. 1275 B.C.E. Painted papyrus scroll, height 15 5/8”
Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin
(modern Khorsabad, Iraq). Neo-Assyrian. c. 720–705 B.C.E. Alabaster, 13”10” high.
Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes.
Persepolis, Iran. Persian. c. 520–465 B.C.E. Limestone, area 1195 sq. yards, 72 columns 78’8” tall