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Psychology Disorders

Anxiety disorders

sumeet sidhu

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of Psychology Disorders

Anxiety Disorders 5 Major Anxiety disorders Generally rapid breathing, and increased heart rate The intensity of the disorder interferes with the person's life Often a person has more than 1 disorder Generalized anxiety disorder Chronic, uncontrollable and excessive fear and worry for a minimum of 6 months The anxiety is not focused on anything particular The person is afraid of something but doesn't know what it is Develops headaches, heart palpation, dizziness and insomnia Twice as many women get this disorder then men Panic disorder Attacks of intense apprehension that cause trembling, dizziness, and difficulty breathing Happens after frightening experiences or prolonged stress Gets diagnosed when several attacks lead to persistent concern about future attacks Phobias Strong, irrational fear and avoidance of objects/situations that are usually harmless Person sees the fear is irrational but still get extreme anxiety 3 broad categories: specific, social, and agoraphobia Agoraphobia -restrict normal activities because they worry about having a panic attack in crowded, enclosed, or wide open places where they won't be able to get help Specific Phobias -fear of a specific object or situation
-realize fears are unreasonable but can't control anxiety
-try to avoid feared stimulant
-fear of embarrassing self in public
-scared of public eating and speaking
-restrict normal life OCD ( Obsessive-Compulsive disorder) Has the need to repeat things/rituals to relieve the anxiety created by the obsession Types of Obsession
-fear of germs
-being hurt
-troubling religion Types of Compulsion
-Your repeatedly doing things such as:
-washing the body/parts of it
-putting things They do this for at least an hour each day The Causes The two main causes of a psychological disorder are Faulty Cognitions and Maladaptive Learning Faulty Cognition : People with anxiety disorders tend to think differently and have habits that make it easier for them to develop a disorder Maladaptive Learning: Our minds sometimes associate something that is normally harmless( spiders,germs) with a frightening experience and it creates a fear (or phobia) of the object. Any future contact with the stimulant will remind the person of their previous experience with it and they try to avoid the stimulant. Biological: Some people think that phobias can develop from something you were born with Sociocultural: The way we live now can also play a part in why and how we develop a certain fear or phobia During the Stone Age the recommended "therapy" for mental disorders was to bore holes into the skull to allow evil spirits to escape Why We Chose This We chose this topic because its intriguing how such small things can set off people and they will go to such extremes to avoid these situations. But they don't realize how much they are harming themselves Being in school students do have pressure on them for tests, projects homework. They also have to deal with fitting and doing well socially. People can develop disorders at this age because of all these things that they have to worry about on a daily basis. 18.3 percent of Canadians age 15-64 have an anxiety disorder Social Phobias We live fast paced lives and many people are getting less family support then what they need A very common thing for them to do is to constantly be on the search for danger and ignore signs of safety Ultimately you start to avoid the stimulant believing that you're actually avoiding a panic attack An example would be a spider crawling on your body and you experience a panic attack because of it. The next time you see a spider you would think back to your panic attack and try to avoid it at all costs. Made by Stephanie White and Sumeet Sidhu Bibliography
'Psychology in Action' by Karen Huffman 64 percent of people attempting suicide had at least 1 anxiety disorder She is one of the most famous TV personalities and is considered to be one of the top most influential women in the world He's a famous soccer player who married a former spice girl He's a womanizer She is considered to be one of the most sexiest women in the world and has 2 kids. Supposed to be marrying Jessica Biel soon Many celebrities have been open about their own anxiety disorders. Here are some celebrities who've opened up about their own problems with these mental illnesses. John Mayer David Beckham Oprah Winfrey Justin Timberlake Jessica Alba So approximately 1,639,344 Canadians have some sort of anxiety problem Did you know? It's a broad term for several different forms of a psychiatric disorder that is characterized by increased worrying, uneasiness, apprehension, and fear about the future
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