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Architecture and Human Behavior
Transcript of Architecture and Human Behavior
The Failure of Pruitt-Igoe
The failure of Pruitt-Igoe represents to many the failure of modernist architects thinking and architecture solutions to social problems, although there are some other factors other than the architecture, such as the social problems experienced by residents and the unreasonable policy of government. First, the complex was hopelessly oversized. Pruitt-Igoe consisted of 33 11-story buildings spread over 57 acres on the city’s north side. Moreover, the complex interrupts the street grid with massive abstracted superblocks, its 33 modular facades glistening in the sun like broad-faced highway signs. In addition to the shape of the towers, outdoor playgrounds, and ground-floor restrooms were value-engineered out. All of these resulted in buildings that were not responsive to residents’ needs, and began falling apart almost from the start.
Architecture: The Art of Dynamic
We still cannot control human behavior with architecture although understanding the way that a building's design can influence a person's behavior, by modifying the individual's moods and perceptions. Because there is another dimension of building----time. The three dimension of building just defy its space. Only considered the fourth dimension "time" as a design factor as well, can we built human being's experience in architectures. This concept brings dynamic use of space. It means we do not design a construction using laws of static, the dynamic architecture are able to change their shape over time, adjusting to its surroundings, it can also comply with its tenants’ needs and whims.
From the case of Pruitt-Igoe, I learned that we cannot control human behaviors with buildings. However, we can design a dynamic architecture with four dimensions: length, width, depth and Time. Thus, human behaviors can also be one of the designers of buildings so that they have an interaction with each other.
Schools: In a rainy climate an indoor playground would allow for movement and meaningful exercise during inclement weather. It can keep routine and normalcy in students' daily life.When school's look sharp the students feel more important. Some are inspired to learn a little bit more.
Hospitals: Beautiful surroundings can be comforting and soothing to those who need healing.
Malls: They can be transformed into places where people want to be and thus will more likely to shop there and spend money there and boost the economy.
In what ways can architecture impact human Life?
Architecture do influence human behavior in many ways. A comfortable place satisfied to one’s physical needs, will bring sunshine. The color and texture of the structure can also influence one’s mood. For example, in a daycare setting, coloring the walls, ceiling, and the floors of play areas can make children feel safe and secure, and so learning and discovery activities are stimulating. Asian inspired designs often incorporate the use of plant life within buildings because the inclusion of natural elements is always helpful to lower stress levels.
Architecture effect on humans’ behavior
Concept of Environmental Psychology
The central concept to environmental psychology is that people live in an environment with which they have a symbiotic relationship. The environment that people live in has an effect on how they behave. This is true whether the environment is natural or man-made. Understanding the way in which environments effect people could enable the design and construction of work, recreation and living space that has the ability to influence people’s behaviors.
Learned from Pruitt-Igoe project