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NordAN - alcohol consumption in Nordic and Baltic countries
Transcript of NordAN - alcohol consumption in Nordic and Baltic countries
Alcohol consumption in Nordic and Baltic countries
The amount of alcohol-related harm in any society tends to rise and fall in line with changes in the total or average level of consumption.
The more alcohol is consumed by a society, the higher its level of alcohol-related harm is likely to be.
The lower its level of consumption, the lower its level of harm.
Alcohol consumption is defined as annual sales of pure alcohol in litres per person aged 15 years and over.
Still, different countries have different methods and also capabilities for measuring alcohol use. Some publish per capita use, divided among population from birth to death.
The methodology to convert alcoholic drinks to pure alcohol may differ across countries. Official statistics do not include unrecorded alcohol consumption, such as home production. Italy reports consumption for the population 14 years and over, Sweden for 16 years and over, and for Japan 20 years and over. In some countries (e.g. Luxembourg), national sales do not accurately reflect actual consumption by residents, since purchases by non-residents may create a significant gap between national sales and consumption.
While no measures are perfect, per capita consumption level gets us closest to understanding the situation and trends in a certain country.
WHO has been actively involved in documenting and reporting in this field since 1974 and from 1996 data was
collected in the Global Alcohol Database, which was further developed and transformed into the
Global Information System on Alcohol and Health in 2008.
GISAH - http://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.main?showonly=GISAH
In Nordic-Baltic region we have countries with the highest per capita consumption in Europe and hence also in the world but also countries with lowest consumption in Europe.
Latest official figures are from 2014: 7.18 litres among adult population (15+)
Icelandic alcohol monopoly has estimated in later years the total consumption based on income by alcohol taxes. By their estimation the consumption has dropped to 6.68 litres by 2011.
Reported by Árni Einarsson from Iceland
In 2001 the 15+ consumption level was at 7.0.
By 2011 it dropped to 6.4 litres.
Reported by Hjalmar Hansen from Faroe Islands
Alcohol sale in Norway says the number in 2014 was 6.06 litres for 15+.
Reported by Nils Garnes from Oslo/Brussels
Latest calculation in Denmark comes from 2013 - 9.4 litres for 15+.
Reported by Johan Damgaard Jensen
Next two countries, Finland and Estonia, measure their alcohol consumption for the whole population, accounting also children.
The total consumption in 2014 was 9.3 litres of 100% alcohol per capita, which means 11.1 litres for each Finn 15 years and older.
If this amount would be recalculated to 15+ it would be considerably higher.
Reported by Kristiina Hannula from Finland
In 2012 the sales of alcoholic beverages per person aged 15 or older was 12,2 litres in pure alcohol (10,3 litres taking into account all residents). In 2013, the consumption was accordingly 11,9 litres (10,0 litres).
The pocket boom "Pocket World in Figures 2013", issued by the Economist, indicated this January that more alcohol is sold in Estonia per capita than in any other state in the world. In Estonia, 118.4 litres of alcohol per capita is sold, giving it the top position in the world. Finland and Germany share the second and third positions with 99.5 litres and Australia comes next with 99.4 litres.
Reported by Lauri Beekmann from Estonia
In 2014 sales of alcoholic beverages per person aged 15 or older was 10.6 litres in pure alcohol (9 litres taking into account all residents).
Reported by Marcis Trapencieris from Latvia
In 2014 alcohol consumption among 15+ in Lithuania was 14.9 litres.
Reported by Vaida Liutkute from Lithuania
In 2014 per capita alcohol consumption in Sweden was 9.4 litres.
One year later, in 2012, overall consumption dropped to 9.6 litres.