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Illegal trade in wild animals and plants.
Transcript of Illegal trade in wild animals and plants.
AGREEMENT WITH CITES
To attack this problem, representatives of 80 countries signed in 1973 the Convention of International Trade on Species of Wild Fauna and Flora on the verge of extinction (CITES). Nowadays, 160 countries have signed the above mentioned agreement - Spain did it in 1986 - and it takes charge prohibiting the international trade of threatened species and to regulate and to monitor the trade of those who it could be. The regulation is realized by means of Appendices or lists of the plants and animals, following scientific criteria. The Appendices include at present approximately 5.000 species of animals and 30.000 of plants. In addition, the certificate coined for MENTION it is the only one that demonstrates that a copy can be sold legally on having had been a servant in captivity.
The Peru is between the 10 countries of bigger diversity of earth, acquaintances like countries mega various, for his diversity of ecosystems, of sorts, of genetic and cultures resources aborigines with noteworthy knowledge. However, the extraction of lively sorts, it is today, more than a worry, a threat to the existence of the sorts than they inhabit at this land
Wild animals' traffic, it is a cruel business that threatens the ambient midway. This activity has become the third more lucrative business in the world, after the drugs and arms.
The biodiversidad or biological diversity it is the variety of life. This recent concept includes several levels of the biological organization. It extends throughout the diversity of sorts of plants, encourage them, mushrooms and microorganisms that live in a space once the ecosystems was determined, to his genetic variability, of themAs they form part these sorts and to the landscapes or regions where they locate ecosystems. Also you include the ecological and evolutionary processes that take place to level of genes, sorts, ecosystems and landscapes.
DESTRUCTION OF THE ECOSYSTEMS
The mass and uncontrolled extraction of flora and wildlife has influence tremendously in the loss of the biodiversidad of the ecosystems. Animals are the silent workers that they recycle, they do the cleaning, pollinate, fertilize and maintain living person and in equilibrium the delicate ecosystem of tropical forest. There are no plants without animals and without both the forest can not exist, risking the life of all of the living beings that you lodge, including the human communities.
ILLEGAL TRADE IN WILD ANIMALS AND PLANTS
An utilized term is for designating the illegal sale of goods, violating the price fixing and the rationing imposed by the government. It happened when the introduction of the rationing at the belligerent countries took to some people to get rich agreeing to the offer of rationed goods and selling supplementary quantities to exorbitant prices.
WHAT IS THE BLACK MARKET?
SOME NUMBERS OF THE BLACK MARKET OF SPECIES:
WHAT IS THE ILLEGAL TRAFFIC?
The illegal movement is of shopping and sales that you circulate at a country with the aim of getting benefits or advantages. That is, it is a circle that begins with the capture of a being or else material with the one that is commercialized illegally and you finalize to hands of the consumer or buyer. In this case we tried of the bootlegging of the flora and the fauna or you depart valuable theirs.
TYPES OF TRAFFIC
ANIMALS FOR PARTICULAR COLLECTIONS AND ZOOS.
The cruelest is perhaps of the types of traffic of wildlife, granted that you have like priority the more sorts threatened of extinction. In the meantime more rare be the animal, his market value is more big.
ANIMALS FOR SCIENTIFIC ENDS:
They find the sorts that supply the host chemistry for investigation and production of medications in this group. He is a group than, due to illegal investigators' intense incursion in search of news sorts, every day increases .
ANIMALS FOR SHOPS OF PETS:
It is the mode what else motivate wild animals' traffic. Due to the repeat demand
ILLEGAL TRAFFIC OF WILD ANIMALS IN PERU
The traffic of wild animals like all the crimes does not have limits. According to investigations realized by organizations environmentalists who fight against the illegal trade of these animals, 47 % of the wild species captured and commercialized in the international market comes from the forests of South America. After the illegal traffic of drugs and of weapon, the trade of wild animals occupies the third place between the illicit activities in the world.
The most surprising one of this business, that moves million dollars a year ( 2, 711 million dollars in 2012 ), is not that the salespeople exist rather this it would be out of service well without a purchasing population's existence
The National Institute of Natural Resources ( INRENA ), hurry that the population, when buying exotic or wild sorts in local markets, collaborates with and traffickers' net subvenes indirectly that they have found in these animals' sale a form to make money.
WHAT IS HAPPENING IN PERU?
WHAT WILD ANIMALS ARE COMMERCIALIZED MAINLY IN OUR COUNTRY?
Birds are the most commercialized animals. We found blue macaws, eaglets, kestrels, cinnamon-flavored sparrow hawks, penguins, kingcups, parrots, black parrots, toucans and cockerels of the rocks principally between the birds.
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE INCREASE OF THE ILLEGAL TRAFFIC OF FLORA AND WILD FAUNA THE PERU
• The scanty Environmental Education.
• The breach of the in force Laws that norman the use of the Natural Resources and of the Environment. The laws to sanction the persons who commit crimes are not appropriate.
• The hunt and irrational utilization of the Wild Fauna.
• The aspect Economic Partner.
• • The institutions like the PNP, Department of Agriculture, INRENA, Regional and Local, Fiscal Governments and Judges, they do not work of way coordinated to offset the increase of Ecological Crimes and Infractions to The State police of Peru, it does not rely on the sufficient personnel and the necessary means to expire with operative police to control persons and vehicles that transport illegally forest products and species of wild fauna.
• The lack of training of the personnel PNP on legal dispositions of the Natural Resources and infractions to the Regulation of the Forest Law and Wild Fauna (Law Not. 27308).
COUNTRIES PARADISE OF THE ILLEGAL TRAFFIC
The CITES of whom is an international agreement more or less 175 countries do part and whose primary end is the worldwide conservation of thousands of sorts of fauna and flora, by means of the regulation of its commerce.
PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT'S ACTIONS
According to the Worldwide Bottom for Nature, the Peruvian Government designated three new protective areas in the Amazon.
A system of loud protection, with the creation of a critical sanctuary for only sorts of the Amazonia like the giant otter of river
WHY IS GROWING TRAFFIC WILD ANIMAL AND PLANT?
In spite of the fact that you are illegal and some Governments, like the Peruvian, have made out efforts against traffic of exotic animals, for the Worldwide Bottom for Nature exotic animals' commerce has come increasing for the good profits that you deem the trafficked animals' commercialization as. Besides a means have been of escape for the drug traffickers that attempt to avoid hard measures implemented by the Governments against the traffic of cocaine that they find in animals' sale a minor control for part of the authorities and.
CONSEQUENCES OF I TRAFFIC OF SORTS
The consequences of the traffic of wild sorts are grave. Our fauna is affected, exporting endemic animals on its way to extinction and somehow the Peruvian are losing our resources. The Peru is an one belonging to the twelve nations that consists of a great mega diversity, it possesses between 82 and 84 % of the biological global world and he is join of the eight nations favored by nature because you lodge at your jungles and forests, join of the bigger worldwide riches of flora and wildlife.
Transmission of diseases The wild animals can be ( and really they are ) transmitting of some diseases like her: Brucelocis, Tuberculosis, Toxoplasmosis, Hidatidosis, Herpes, Filiariasis, Rabia and Triquinelosis, between another one.
Diseases zoonóticas Almost all diseases zoonóticas result from an infection for one of six types of pathogenic: Virus, bacteria, protozoans, priones, mushrooms and worms. The diseases can go to of the humans another sorts and vice versa. Measles, polio, influenza, tuberculosis, between another human diseases are threats do not smoke us for the primates and antropozoonóticas are named APLAB
We must not have wild animals at our house because: They are not happy to our side Why we contributed to the depredation of our fauna Because they are dangerous because it is a crime.
SPECIES IN DANGER
Possibly extinct or extinct sorts:
They are the ones that have disappeared of the national territory. Enter they the little bedbug meets ( Little Thumbtack sp. ).
Sorts in danger of extinction:
They are the ones that are threatened in his survival and that they are in need of urgent measures for his protection. They enumerate these sorts and they illustrate in the page following.
Sorts in vulnerable situation:
They are those that do not find themselves in imminent danger of extinction, but that they can get to be it if not they protect themselves . Enter they find all of the monkeys, numerous birds, some reptiles and amphibians.
They are those that naturally exist in not much density and are endemic, in general.
Sorts in undetermined situation:
Those which you do not know yourself of are their situation, but that you imagine may be in danger. They must include all the endemic sorts of the Peru mentioned previously in this category.
Did not sole the responsible to protect our fauna must suffer and battling without rest against the subtraction of wild sorts of various regions of the country. We must call upon the population because he calls for his participation, in order that you participate along with those organizations dedicated to the conservation, which is why to do a height in our daily activities becomes necessary and reflecting in relation to animals' quantity that are recovered day to day of illegal trade.
WHAT SHOULD WE DO?
WHAT CAN WE DO TO DECREASE THIS SCOURGE?
Do not buy animals! Not even for pity, in an attempt to save them, what we do is to deepen more in the problem.
Do not consume eggs neither wild animals' meat.
Sensitize relatives and friends.
You speak up against wild animals' salespeople at roads and establishmentS
NEWS OF INTEREST
But there is a kind of traffic that takes effect still more, without finding out.
Some insects deposit their eggs into vehicles of transmission that have just the conditions adapted for their reproduction. Such I eat : The mosquito tiger, the mussel zebra, the pointed red beetle ...
THE MOST DESIRED SORTS