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Settlement Patterns - Resources and Terrains

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Miss Cummins

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Settlement Patterns - Resources and Terrains

Settlement Patterns - Resources and Terrains
Ms. Cummins
Altitude
What does altitude mean ???

Hands up !!
Altitude
Nucleated
Low lying -below 200m above sea level
Ease of access and construction
Fertile soil
Warmer
Less windy - are mountains attractive ??


Drainage
Nucleated
Well drained
Rivers and streams
Bridging point

Bridging point
Many towns developed here
Trade
Dublin- River Liffey
Less settlement in poorly-drained area - marshy land/lakes
Reasons for settling in well-drained areas
Rivers
Alluvium
Flood plains - near or far ? --> dry points


Resources
Settlements developed on
advantages of location
May be associated with main resources in an area
Fishing, farming, forestry, mining
Land Quality
Low lying areas
Mountains ?
This is why settlers are attracted to the east and south
Is the west favorable ?
Beaches
Exceptions
Fishing ports - Killybegs, Donegal
Developed around fishing port - source of food
Ballybunion - Coastal resort
Salt Hill, Galway
Dry Point Sites
Settlement built on dry, raised land in wet areas
A bog or marsh land
Places liable to flood - avoided
Dry point settlements

Class Activity
Page
191
Work in pairs
10 mins
Be prepared to report back to the class
Go :)
Why
would people choose to live near a beach?
Who
would you find living near a beach and why ?
Full transcript