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A brief timeline of the KKK's role in history; specifically

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Madelyn Johnson

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of A brief timeline of the KKK's role in history; specifically

Formation of
the KKK

A brief timeline of the KKK's role in history; specifically the civil rights era
The Ku Klux Klan (known as the KKK) was formed after the Civil War in 1865, to revolt against the freed slaves. It was started in Puloski, Tennesee by 6 young Confederate soldiers. Their original purpose was to ensure that the freedom of African Americans did not harm the privileges of whites.
The beginning
The Klan soon focused on terrorizing newly freed slaves. They used many forms of violence and intimidation to stop blacks from becoming full members in society. The violence of the KKK peaked in 1870, five years after its formation.
The beginning cont.
The Ku Klux Klan was reformed in 1915 by William Johseph Simmons. With their revival, they decided to not only focus on African Americans. They now persecuted Catholics, jews, immigrants, liberals and supporters of Unionization.
Klan Revival
The Klan in the 60s- their effect on the Civil Rights movement
The Ku Klux Klan greatly resented African Americans gaining power and having equal rights. Throughout the Civil Rights movement, they used many forms of intimidation. This included bombing churches, burning crosses, lynchings, beatings and shootings.
KKK and the 60s
On Sunday, September 15, 1963, a white man was seen putting a box under the steps of the 16th street, an African American church. At 10:22, the bomb exploded, killing four African American girls and injuring 13 other people.
The bomber of the church was identified as Robert Chambliss, an active member of the Ku Klux Klan. He was arrested and charged with murder and illegal possession of dynamite. There was at least one eye witness naming him as the bomber.
Alabama Church Bombing
cont.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/Burning-cross2.jpgasd
Members of the KKK dressed in their traditional
white robes and hoods, burning a cross. The cross
was meant to symbolize their Christianity and they burned it to symbolize the Light of Christ dispelling darkness and ignorance
According to dictionary.com, the definition of the Ku Klux Klan is
a secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent proceedings.
The KKK is an organization designed to promote
white supremacy (the idea the whites are the superior race) and Christian beliefs and values.
The Klan eventually disbanded in 1870 due to a few factors.
there was great public pressure for them to stop and not as much support
four anti-klan laws were passed that symied their movements
once the Black Codes and Jim crow laws were passed, the Klan acheived their goal of continuing white surpremecy
By 1920, the Klan had an estimated 4 million members. Membership died down around the 40s but grew hugely during the Civil Rights era.
The KKK often burned crosses in their
non-supporters front yards. It was an influential
means to terrorize people they didn't agree with.
The Ku Klux Klan Today
Much to my surprise, I found that the Ku Klux Klan is still an active and very real organization. They do not stand for the exact same things as they did in 1865, when it was formed, but many of their general principals are the same.
The KKK today
The following quotes are directly from http://www.kkkknights.com/, the website of a sector of the KKK. They are quoted word for word and not taken out of context. These quotes will hopefully convey the ideals the current KKK demonstrates and what their beliefs are.
The KKK today
Summary
KKK in the
60s cont.

In the summer of 1964, the NAACP organized freedom schools to be built and enlisted people to help African Americans to register to vote. That summer, 30 black homes and 37 black churches were firebombed by the KKK. Over 80 volunteers for African American voter registration were beaten by white mobs, most of whom were members of the KKK
The Summer of 1964
On March 25, 1965 Viola Liuzzo, a white civil rights activist, was driving an African American man from Montgomery to Selma. She was working to get African Americans registered to vote. As she was driving, four Klan members stopped her car and murdered Viola and her passenger. She was the only white female killed in the movement.
The death of Viola Liuzzo
The Ku Klux Klan's role in the Civil Rights era is very pronounced. They made a mark on history through terrorization and violence. Their actions greatly stymied the advancement of African Americans into society.
KKK disbandment
The Klan eventually disbanded in 1870 due to a few factors;
There was great public pressure for them to stop and not as much support
Four anti-Klan laws were passed that stymied their movements
Once the Black Codes and Jim crow laws were passed, the Klan achieved their goal of continuing white supremacy
After their reformation, the Klan was
still violent, but it now could fight its battles politically as well. They had many members in public office that were very influential.
Alabama Church Bombing
https://abagond.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/091611-national-birmingham-remembers-1963-church-bombing.jpgaa
Rubble of the church after the bomb exploded.
http://www.diversityinc.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Birmingham310.jpga
A photo of the four girls killed in the bombing; Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson and Cynthia Wesley.
http://abcnews.go.com/images/US/ht_robert_chambliss_nt_130425_blog.jpga
Robert Chambliss, a member of the KKK charged wih the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Despite overwhelming evidence of guilt, on October 6, 1963, Chambliss was found NOT GUILTY of murder and only received a small fine and 6 months of jail time for his possession of illegal dynamite.
This case is a horrific example of what African Americans were up against. It was not a peaceful battle for them to gain equal rights, and their equality was not acheived without devestating blookshead. The KKK was responsible for many of the deaths, and most of the violence during the Civil Rights movement.
That same summer, on June 24, members of the Ku Klux Klan murdered 3 civil rights workers in Mississippi. The murder of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner put the issue of Klan violence on the radar of every American citizen.
http://harpercollegelibrary.weebly.com/uploads/1/3/8/9/13894273/3249752_orig.jpga
Viola's death caused a wave of outrage. Presedent Johnson gave a speech condeming the Klan and announcing the arrest of the four Klansmen responsible for the death. Johnson said the klan members were "enemies of justice". "Their [KKK] loyalty is not the the United States of American, but instead to a hooded society of bigots".
The KKK's effect on the Civil Rights Movement
***DISCLAIMER***
All thoughts and views discussed in this section of the presentation are the thoughts the KKK has expressed through their website and various interviews. They do not in any way represent the beliefs of Maddy Johnson, Free State High School or the USD497 school district.
Many times on their website, the Ku Klux Klan stated they are not a hate group, but a Christian organization. I did some research and found some very controversial ideas through their website.
"This does not mean that we want to see anything bad happen to the darker races, we simply want to live separate from them."

"It is a simple fact that whenever these races try to integrate themselves into White society, that society is damaged immensely, perhaps even destroyed altogether."
"They [our Founding Fathers] tried to make a white Christian homeland for its people. Which they did and our people knew the value of its blood. We as a people knew not to mix with the darker races our own Government knew the downfall of what would happen if we did."
The current KKK is very against mixed couples and had this image on their website:
"We need to come together as WHITE CHRISTIAN AMERICANS and spread the word to others. Grab the blind Liberals by their heads and shake them until they wake up."
The current KKK still represents very conservative values:
"Well this [God's chosen people] could not be the Jews because the Jews have bought nothing but poverty and war to the world."
EQ: How did the Ku Klux Klan influence the Civil Rights Movement and what is their impact on society today?
The following quotes are from another KKK website; http://www.traditionalistamericanknights.com/index.html. This is a website from a different sector of the KKK.
The Ku Klux Klan is very selective about their members and will only accept those who are the same as them.

"We will never, under no circumstances whatsoever, accept anyone that is homosexual, bi-sexual, atheist, or is not of a sane mind and soul."
[to be a member of the KKK]
"You must:
Believe that the White Race is the true chosen people of our Lord God and have dominion over all creatures of the earth as God deemed that it (the White Race) should. "

"WE STAND FOR WHITE SUPREMACY."
The Ku Klux Klan is an organization oringinally formed to inspire fear in freed slaves. They have since grown to hate many other people, namely African Americans, Catholics, jews and liberals. The KKK had a definite impact during the Civil Rights era and tried adamantly to stop equality between races. The KKK is still an active organization designed to promote the white race over all other races.
By Madelyn Johnson
Sources:

Web References-
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_org_kkk.html
http://www.history.com/topics/ku-klux-klan
http://www.biography.com/people/viola-gregg-liuzzo-370152
http://spartacus-educational.com/USAkkk.htm
http://www.civilrights.org/publications/reports/long-road/policing.html
http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=6553

Interview Or Personal Account-
http://www.liberator.net/articles/KKKJeffBerry.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWeQ1OE2jbMa

Book Source-
"Ku Klux Klan." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 5. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 882-884. U.S. History in Context. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.

Visual Representation-
Citation Underneath photos throughout the Prezi
Full transcript