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Pre-Colonial Poetry in the Philippines

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wendy villar

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of Pre-Colonial Poetry in the Philippines

Introduction to Pre-Colonial Philippine Poetry
"All of the islanders are much given to reading and writing. And there is hardly a man, much less a woman who did not read and write."

- Padre Pedro Chirino What most of us did not know? Relación de las Islas Filipinas (1604)

- written by Padre Chirino, is a record of life in 17th century Philippines which, historian Ambeth Ocampo notes, “is highly regarded" by those reading early accounts of the Philippines, including Jose Rizal.” There were even reports of a dramatic play given by natives at the arrival of Don Miguel Lopez de Legaspi in 1565. Epic poems and songs about the exploits of enchanted folk heroes were performed during the festivities and proper occasions. Most often, these epic poems (folk epics or ethno-epics) were titled after the names of the hero involved, except for some, which carry traditional titles like the Kalinga Ullalim; the Sulod Hinilawod; the Maranao Darangan; or the Bicol Ibalon. "Old Time History" Stories about folk heroes of long ago were described as "Old Time History" because; they can be used to study the lifestyle and beliefs of the people who produced them. "These epic romances are charming poem in the Malayan literature." --Chauncey Starkweather , a British historian and famed orientalist Pre-Colonial Poetry Precolonial Poetry -played a central part of community life in villages of pre-colonial Philippines. -An indigenous oral tradition of bugtong (riddles) and sawikain (proverbs) *Short four-line poems called tanaga evolved from this oral tradition. Each line contained seven or eight syllables, and at the heart of the poem was a cryptic metaphor called a talinghaga. Purposes of Poems

-All-night dramatic performances

-Easier means for the local history, politics, and culture to be passed from generation to generation From verses, popular folk songs developed:

diona, talindao, and auit (songs sung at home);
indolanin and dolayanin (street songs);
hila, soliranin, and manigpasin (rowing songs);
holohorlo and oyayi (cradle songs);
ombayi (songs of sadness);
omiguing (songs of tenderness);
tagumpay (triumphant songs);
dopayanin (boat songs);
hiliriao(drinking songs); and
diona(wedding songs). The Beauty of Philippine Poetry It usually speaks about various topics in life, love, friendships and socio-political awareness It expresses a sense of simplicity and appreciation towards a commoner's life through the times in the history of the country
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