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The Mexican Revolution
Transcript of The Mexican Revolution
1910-1920 The Election of 1910 Franciso Madero ran against Diaz. The Ten Tragic Days The first Revolution Madero escapes from prison and calls for open rebellion against Diaz. Second Revolution Francisco "Pancho" Villa revolts in the north. Porfirio Diaz was a war hero and dictator of Mexico. Francisco Madero Porfirio Díaz Diaz's troops run to their positions in the battle of Ciudad Juarez. Victorious Maderista troops in
Ciudad Juarez Madero begins to lose support after failed promises. Loyalist troops preparing for battle. General Victoriano Huerta Civil War Images from the Civil War Trench warfare in Celaya 1915 Husband and wife at the front Family of revolutionaries in Southern Mexico Revolutionaries take cover during a skirmish The Rurales Considered to be the Mexican Texas Rangers. The Pancho Villa Expedition The United States withdraws support to Villa Mexico prospered economically during this period. Diaz crushed all opposition. 90% of the land was owned by oligarchs. High illiteracy rates. Mostly consisted of ex-bandits. Rarely ever took prisoners. Crushed all political opponents of Diaz Madero promised some land reform. Diaz threw him in jail. Diaz "won" 99% of the vote Madero attracts the poor and middle class to his cause. Madero wins the battle of Ciudad Juarez. Diaz resigns and is exiled to Paris. Conservative generals launch a coup on February 13th. Bitter 10 day street battle in Mexico City. Madero is killed by Victoriano Huerta. Victoriano Huerta assumes the presidency. Venustiano Carranza assumes command of all rebels forces. Emiliano Zapata defeats Huerta's troops in the south. Protests erupted through out Mexico Huerta's troops are overrun in Torreon. Carranza and Villa defeat Huerta in Zacatecas. The four leaders of the revolution Francisco "Pancho" Villa (1878-1923) Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919) Venustiano Carranza (1859-1920) Alvaro Obregon (1880-1928) Carranza and Obregon fight Villa in the north and Zapata in the south. Pancho Villa's forces almost crush Carranza's forces. Alvaro Obregon crushes Villa at Celaya in 1915. Pancho Villa resorts to guerilla warfare. The war against Zapata is a stalemate. Emiliano Zapata is killed in 1919. Carranza is killed and Villa surrenders in 1920. US supports Carranza. Pancho Villa raids Columbus, NM on March 9th 1919. General John J. Pershing goes into Mexico Pancho Villa successfully evaded US troops. US troops leave for WWI Soldiers bid farewell to loved ones. Street fighting in Mexico City land reform tensions result in fighting in Mexico City Huerta flees to Spain. Convention of Aguascalientes leads to high tensions.