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Aztec Civilization: 5 Theme's of Geography
Transcript of Aztec Civilization: 5 Theme's of Geography
Geography? 3. PLACE 4. MOVEMENT - TRADE 5. Interaction - PEOPLE CHANGE ENVIRONMENT 5 themes of Geography AZTEC CIVILIZATION 1. Location
5. Interaction Let's explore, shall we? - RELATIVE LOCATION
Central America, Present Day Mexico - POLITICAL SYSTEM - MONETARY SYSTEM BELIEF SYSTEM -Many hills, valleys, & Swamps - Mountainous - Common type of government called Kingdom (Taltocyotl) - Command fell to Tlatoani, "The King," who was elected for life from the sons & grandsons of previous Kings - Selected by council of high nobles - Tlatoani considered divinity's representitive on Earth - Under the Tlatoani was Cihuacoatl, a council who carried out "jurisdictional, administrative, military, or religious tasks." - 1 council made up of 4 governors from each quadrant of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Other council made up of King choosers - 2 head priests - 1 dedicated to Sun god, 1 dedicated to Rain god - 2 functionaries charged with public finances - 1 directs tax collection & 1 to guard proceeds - Most market places use Barter system - 2 forms of money: Cacao beans & Cotton Textiles - Cacao beans were important because it was used to buy inexpensive items - 1 rabbit = 100 cacao beans
- 5 green chiles - 1 cacao bean - Dealers would make fake cacao beans by cutting open the shells and adding in saw dust or dirt - Larger purchases were purchased by Quachtli, a cotton cape (worth from 65 to 300 Cacao beans) - Example of this type of purchase is Jade Beads - Basic principle of their religion is the God's sacrificed themselves in order to benefit human kind - Therefore, humans have a debt to the Gods that they pay through human sacrifice & bloodletting - Autosacrifice became very important in the religion - "Early Aztec religions focused on agricultural fertility & worship of the sun" -Base of religion - Blend of Teotihuacan & Tula religions before Aztecs LOOKS - Mountainous, hilly, lots of valleys - LANDFORMS - Valley of Mexico, Lake Texcoco, island of Tenochtitlan - CLIMATE - PLANTS - In North Plains ~ Maguey plant for fibers & syrup - In Mountain Slopes ~ Pine & Oak trees PEOPLE - AZTEC - Just over 1 million people - Army has 100,000+ men - CULTURE - Family/household is the basic social unit
in Society BOYS LIFE - At the age 7 they learn to use nets and fish. - At the age 15 they have finished their training from their parents, such as fishing, carrying, and marketing. - Expected to grow up to be a warrior or to follow in their father's footsteps GIRLS LIFE - At the age of 15, they learn to weave and cook like their mothers. - Expected to grow up to manage household, cook, clean, weave, and bear children. SCHOOL - Boys & Girls attend school up to a certain point - 2 kinds of school... - Telpochalli (Youth's house) for the
common people - Calmecac for nobles & exceptional commoners - Students learn about singing, dancing, & musical instruments for rituals LANGUAGE - Spoke Nahuatl - Slash & Burn method was used for flat land *The Slash & Burn method is a method where you cut down and burn plants in an area to make room for planting - For the mountains, the Aztecs created stone terraces which then created areas of flat land up the mountain sides - 3 types of these...
- Hillslope contour terraces, semi-terraces, and cross-channel teracces - ENVIRONMENT CHANGES PEOPLE - Mexico is located right near the equator, so the Aztecs wear little clothing to keep cool. - Aztecs extensively traded with others in their region (other ancient Mesoamerica cultures) - Trade relied on human movement to transport goods - Long distance trade was very uncommon - Aztecs traded mostly obsidian, textiles, tropical goods, stones, metal and food items. Tenochtitlan: Latitude, 19.435 N
Longitude, 99.131 W THE END - Located near the equator, so the weather was very warm