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Scarlet Fever

biology presentation term 4 2012
by

aislin crowe

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Scarlet Fever

An Infectious Disease Caused by a Bacteria discovered in 1923

One of the most common childhood infection in children aged between 4 to 8 years of age

After people pass the age of approximately 12 - 14 yrs old they have usually built up an immunity to Scarlet Fever.

Scarlet fever MUST be treated as quickly as possible as it is likely to result in life threatening complications if left untreated. ABOUT SCARLET FEVER..

Scarlet fever is primarily diagnosed by the presence of:

RED RASH
Deep red lines in the folds of skin around the groin, armpits, elbows, knees and neck caused by broken blood vessels.
flushed face
bright red and bumpy tongue (strawberry tongue)







other symptoms include:
• headache
• swollen neck glands
• loss of appetite
• nausea or vomiting
• stomach pain
• chills
• a white coating on the tongue
• inflammation of tonsils and larynx SYMPTOMS OF SCARLET FEVER: Scarlet fever is a condition caused by bacteria called group A streptococcus

The bacteria release toxins which attack the body .

mild skin rash/infection or sore throat to severe life-threatening conditions.

This bacteria is also associated with:
strep throat,
toxic shock syndrome ,
flesh eating disease!!!!
tonsillitis
pneumonia. THE CAUSE OF SCARLET FEVER TREATMENT TREATMENT, CONTROL AND PREVENTION Scarlet Fever can progress into much more life threatening infections such as rheumatic fever, septic ear nose and throat problems, kidney infections. MORE ABOUT SCARLET FEVER.. Scarlatina -
Scarlet rash, Roseola, Rose Fever, Rose Rash. SCARLET FEVER CONTROL PREVENTION Antibiotics/penicillin
surgical drainage
aggressive antibiotic therapy. It is important to maintain control over the infection:

keeping an infected child away from other children
notifying schools
taking prescribed medicine
recognizing change
contacting your doctor hygienic practices (washing hands and coughing into arm)
avoiding infected children
recognize signs and symptoms of scarlet fever.
awareness WHAT DO I DO IF YOU SUSPECT SOMEONE HAS SCARLET FEVER? Because it is so contagious, scarlet fever historically has been responsible for devastating epidemics, particularly in the 19th century

Thankfully thanks to the development of antibiotics the threat of scarlet fever has drastically reduced.

The highest occurrence of scarlet fever currently in 2012 is in Mexico

There was a suspected outbreak of Scarlet Fever in China in 2011

Despite great advancement in medical research there is still no vaccine to treat a group A streptococcus bacterial infection. Scarlet fever can be transferred in a variety of ways:

through direct contact with mucus from the throat, fluid from the nose, or saliva of an infected person. THE TRANSMISSION OF SCARLET FEVER Spread via inhalation of airborne bacteria - through being close to an infected person, sneezing and coughing skin cells, hair, clothing, and bedding
FOMITES Isolation
Notifying your school
Practicing proper hygienic habits
recommended dosage of prescribed medicine
Monitor the child's symptoms closely -look for change
Be aware of the symptoms, and risks associated with Scarlet fever . Group A Streptococcus Bacteria REFERENCES Encyclopedia of Family Health - Vol. 14 -Marshall Cavendish 2005 3rd edition (October 2012) [book]

Fomite 2012 Wikipedia -2012 (27.9.12 11:46am)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fomite

Scarlet fever – 2008 Arthur Schoenstadt, MD (27.9.12 12:14pm)
http://kids.emedtv.com/scarlet-fever/what-causes-scarlet-fever.html

Scarlet Fever 2010– medicinenet.com Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD (27.9.12 11:58am)
http://www.medicinenet.com/scarlet_fever/page2.htm

Scarlet Fever 2012 Wikipedia – B.Huber (27.9.12 11:49am)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scarlet_fever

Scarlet Fever – healthguidance.org 2012 (27.9.12 11:52am)
http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/8958/1/Scarlet-Fever.html

Scarlet Fever – National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases – 2009 NIAID (27.9.12 11:50am) -http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/scarletFever/Pages/transmission.aspx

Scarlet Fever treatment and Transmission – 2012 – Clinaero Inc (27.9.12 11:54am)
http://kids.emedtv.com/scarlet-fever/treatment-for-scarlet-fever.html

The discovery of Scarlet Fever - 2010
http://answers.ask.com/Health/Diseases/when_was_scarlet_fever_first_discovered - 2/10/12 12:33pm
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