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Alien And Sedition Acts of 1798

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Olivia Reddick

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Alien And Sedition Acts of 1798

ACTS OF 1798 Alexis, Kevin, Olivia and Shyanne CAUSES French Revolution

• Occurred 1789-1799

• Monarchy was overthrown and Roman Catholic Church was forced to drastically change

• Many immigrants moved into America

•One of the main reasons for the Naturalization Act Possible Future War between French and the U.S

•U.S. did not have the resources to go forth

• Kept immigrants from battle for their home country

•The Alien Enemies Act was made to protect the people

•The Alien Act coincided with enemies act To Quiet treason and rebellion

•Dishonest English, Irish, and French immigrants in
•Paranoia of the Federalists
•Immigrants would side with the France

These were the causes of the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 The Acts The Naturalization Act Approved on June 18, 1798

declare his intentions then after 5 years can become a citizen

Any alien who was from a country that the United States was at war with could not become a citizen

Had to declare intentions after 5 years

After declaring their intentions they had to wait another 14 years The Alien Act Approved on June 25, 1798

Punishments for disobedience

Ship masters had report all human cargo

Everyone a part of law enforcement and the government had to enforce these laws.

Only be enforced for two years The Alien Enemies Act Approved on July 6, 1798
Males above 14 were targets of punishment when the U.S. was at war.
Public Safety
Marshal's duty to enforce this act The Sedition Act Approved on July 14, 1798
The punishments set for conspiring against the government
writing, pictures, talk.
Fine of two thousand dollars and imprisonment up to 2 years for some crimes and 5 for others.
Shall be enforced until March 3, 1801 What are the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798? The Prevented Invasion
hard to gain citizenship
fines/imprisonment Important
People 1769-1798
•Grandson of Benjamin Franklin
•Bache attacked Adams in an op-ed piece by
calling the president "old, querulous, Bald, blind, crippled, Toothless Adams."
•convicted during sedition acts for “libeling the president”
•was a Republican journalist Benjamin Franklin Bache 1743-1826
Republican leader
Wrote the Kentucky Resolution depicting the nature of the sedition acts
was against the sedition acts,
Third president (1801-1809) two terms,
edition acts expired as planned during his term, and he pardoned the people still serving their sedition act sentences,
Sympathetic toward the French Revolution Thomas Jefferson 1751-1836
wrote the Virginia resolutions, also against the sedition acts
But the Virginia Resolutions weren’t as powerful as the Kentucky resolution,
married to Dolley Madison,
Fourth president, served two terms as president (1809-1817)
Participated in the Constitutional Convention, actively participated in changing the constitution
Brought up in orange county Virginia James Madison 1735-1825
president that passed the sedition acts, was criticized afterwards
Married to Abigail Adams,
was a great philosophical thinker,
served as the first vice president, second president from (1797-1801),
born in the Massachusetts Bay colony 1735,
very popular and cheered for at every appearance during the XYZ fever
his last words were “Thomas Jefferson survived”, but that was hours after Jefferson had passed away. John Adams :
James Callendar
•Was a radical Federalist writer that was known to Thomas Jefferson for his attacks on Alexander Hamilton
•He also criticized elements of the Constitution that he deemed “undemocratic”
•He claimed that Hamilton had affairs while being married with Maria Reynolds, and was eventually made an ally of Jefferson, who supported him and his writings
•Eventually he was prosecuted under the Sedition acts and was sentenced to 9 months in jail and a $200 fine
•Expecting a job as postmaster, he was upset when he did not get it and then began to aim attacks on Jefferson, claiming that he too was having an affair
•Eventually DNA proved that Jefferson did have an affair with Sally Hemings, a slave concubine. A FEW FAMOUS CONVICTIONS DURING THE SEDITION ACTS Harry Croswell

•Federalist journalist, editor of The Wasp (newspaper)
•Accused in 1803 under the libeling sedition act because he accused Thomas Jefferson (the President during that time) of paying the before said James Callendar to post slander about George Washington Harry Croswell What If? What if... What if the acts were still in place today????
less Aliens
be even harder to become a citizen
crimes against the government would be more severe
nothing against the government would be tolerated bumper stickers
major signs GOVERNMENT THE END BIBLIOGRAPHY EFECTS - Violated Free Speech Rights
-Penalized Newspaper Editors
-Jail Time (Six Months-Five Years) Effects of the Sedition Acts Effects of the Alien Acts
-Discouraged New Immigrants
-Five to Fourteen Years to
Gain Citizenship
-President Can Deport a
Citizen Without Trial Effects of the Alien Acts Alexis Thomas

"19e. The Alien and Sedition Acts." The Alien and Sedition Acts [ushistory.org]. N.p.,n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/19e.asp>.

This website gave me a good idea of what the Alien and Sedition Acts are. It described some of the important people and a summary of the issues it caused.

"Colonial Williamsburg." The Alien and Sedition Acts : The Official History Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. <http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/winter07/alien.cfm>.

This website describes the causes of the Acts with a fine tooth comb. Each act is described and also how the Acts changed America.

Annotated Bibliography
Shyanne Shoffner

Hartmann, Thom. "How an Earlier "Patriot Act" Law Brought Down a President." CommonDreams, Building a Progressive Community. CommonDreams.org, 16 2003. Web. 5 Dec 2012. <http://www.commondreams.org/views03/0616-03.htm>.

From this website I gathered the rest of the information regarding Bache and a substantial amount of information regarding John Adams. I used this source to identify the different political parties that each person was in, such as Jefferson being a Democrat and Adams leading the Federalist party.
"Alien and Sedition Acts of the United States."Napoleon-series.org. The Napoleon Series, n.d. Web. 5 Dec 2012. <http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/legislation/c_alien.html >.
From this website I gathered most of the information regarding Benjamin Franklin Bache a couple of the other people convicted under the Sedition acts. I gathered that Bache was the Grandson of Benjamin and the exact words that Bache used when referring to the President (Adams). I also gathered
the information regarding the Kentucky Resolution. For example that it was also written in response to the Sedition Acts, but wasn’t quite as powerful as Jefferson’s opposition to them.
"John Adams, Thomas Jefferson." The White House. WhiteHouse.gov, n.d. Web. 5 Dec 2012. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnadams>.

From this website I gathered all of the information about the previous presidents, (Jefferson, Adams, Madison) and the dates they served as president and the details about their personal lives. I also took the information about how they related specifically to the Sedition acts and the pictures of each of the presidents.
"Monticello." Thomas Jefferson Monticello. monticello.org, n.d. Web. 5 Dec 2012. <http://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/james-callender>.

From this website I gathered all of the information regarding James Callendar and his relations to Thomas Jefferson regarding the Sedition Acts. From this website I specifically took that Jefferson had keenly taken an interest in using the powers of Callendar to manipulate Alexander Hamilton and that in the end, Callendar also published works against Jefferson.
Belt, Gordon. "The Posterity Project." Blogspot. Blogspot, 5 2008. Web. 5 Dec 2012. <http://posterityproject.blogspot.com/2008/10/sedition-act-harry-croswell.html>.

From this website I gathered all of the information on Harry Croswell as well as his picture. I learned what he was convicted of, “libeling the President” and what he sentence was. I learned a brief history of the man and how he reacted or left when he was being prosecuted while Jefferson was in office.

Annotated Bibliography
Olivia Reddick

Alien Act http://www.constitution.org/rf/alien_1798.htm
On this site I just got the Alien act. There was no information as to what day it had been posted and who had posted it. As for the contents it was just the Alien Act of 1798 and brief outline of the Act. The outline helped because it gave me an idea as to what I was reading while I was reading the act.

Svoboba, Eric and Englund, Shelby. US immigration legislation online <http://library.uwb.edu/guides/USimmigration/1798_alien_laws.html >
At this site it had a summary of each of the Alien and Sedition Acts. It helped to gain a better understanding of each act and what they were saying.

Sedition Act of 1798 < http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1786-1800/the-sedition-act-of-1798.php >
At this site I got the text of the Sedition Act. I was able to read the act and understand what it was about and was able to become more knowledgeable about the act because I had the text.

Naturalization Act <http://www.historycentral.com/documents/Naturalizationact.html >
At this site I got the text for the Naturalization Act of 1798.

Alien Enemies Act< http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/sedition/a-text.html>And at this site I got the text of the Alien Enemies Act.

Kevin Palmberg
This source offered extensive information on the Alien and Sedition acts and the effects that it created. It included information on people who objected to the Sedition Acts in 1798 and their reactions. People such as Thomas Jefferson and John Dawson.
"Alien and Sedition Acts." Web Guides. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Alien.html>.
This article explains the effects from the Alien and Sedition acts including the negative impacts that the Alien Acts had on new immigrants. It also discusses some of the behind the scenes conflicts between the political parties at the time and their stand points on the Alien Acts of 1798.
"The First Years of the Union (1797-1809)." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012.
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