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THE NORMANS

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by

Fintan O'Mahony

on 22 April 2016

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Transcript of THE NORMANS

The Normans
The Normans were descendants of the Vikings who conquered northern France in the 8th Century AD
They became Christians, they spoke French and the
Duke of Normandy
, their leader was accepted by the French king
They were famous all over Europe as
skilled soldiers and builders of castles
The Feudal System
Land was divided among the followers of the king - the word
feudum
in Latin means 'a grant of land'

Those who received land were known as
nobles

In return the nobles promised to give the king
knights for the kings army
in wartime
(knight's service)

The nobles often built
castles
to protect their land

KING
NOBLES
CLERGY
KNIGHTS
PEASANTS
Knockgraffon Motte
THE NORMANS IN IRELAND
1166 Rory O'Connor, High King of Ireland invaded Leinster, land of Dermot Mac Murrough
The Normans in England
1066 King Edward of England died
Three princes claimed the throne:
King of Norway
Harold, Earl of Wessex
William, Duke of Normandy
Harold easily defeated the Norwegians in northern England
William goes to England with 6,000 men including 1,500 knights
He defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and became known as William the Conqueror, King of England
Primary Sources:
Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
The Deeds of Duke William
Bayeux Tapestry
THE NORMANS BROUGHT THE FEUDAL SYSTEM TO ENGLAND
Dermot went to Henry II, Norman King of England for help
He began to recruit an army in England and Wales
Dermot promised Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke that he could marry Aoife, Dermot's daughter and that he could have Leinster when he died, if he led an army
1169 Quickly took Wexford and Waterford- where Strongbow married Aoife. The Normans marched to Dublin
1171 Strongbow became King of Leinster when Dermot died.
Henry II visited Ireland, fearing Strongbow was a threat, but was reassured of his loyalty
Sources:
The Song of Dermot and the Earl
An account of Dermot's meeting with Henry
Gerald of Wales: The Topography of Ireland
Full transcript