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Transcript of Laurent-Desire Kabila
Laurent-Desire Kabila was born in the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was one of the lucky few Congolese who was able to go to university in France where he studied political philosophy.
Rise to Power
After the failed rebellion, Kabila made a living by mining for gold and ting ivory and timber. He later bacame president of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo and tried his hand at another rebellion. He rallied up forces, mostly Tutsis, and drove Mobutu out of the capital city of Kinshasa and set himself up as leader. People believed that Kabila would make the Congos free and bring prosperity and dignity back to their country.
Dictatorship and Rebellion
As he gained more and more power, Kabila became a dictator; he banned all political parties except his own, jailed hose who opposed him, and racked up numerous human rights violations against him. The Banyamulenge people felt that Kabila was favoring his ethnic group over eveyone else and rebelled. They were supported by the Rwandan and Ugandan governments, who were upset over Kabila's lack of boarder protection. Fighting between the Kabila government and opposing forces raged on.
Assassination and Aftermath
On January 16, 2oo1, Kabila was shot and killed by one of his body guards, Rashidi Kasereka. He entered Kabila's office as Kabila and Emile Christophe Mota were having a discussion. Kasereka shot Kabila in the neck once and twice more as he retreated. Mota called for help and Kasereka was shot three times and killed by the other bodyguards. Laurent Kabila's son, Joseph Kabila, took office.
In the 1960s Kabila led a political group that supported the prime minister, Patrice Lumumba. Mobutu, the secretary of state for national defense, did not agree with Lumumba’s ideologies, so he forcibly removed Lumumba from power and had him killed. Kabila led a revolt in response to Lumumba’s murder with help from Che Guevara, a Cuban revolutionary. They led the Simba rebellion, which was soon quelled by Mobutu’s Congolese army.
A man who wanted to do good, but then became a dictator, and then died
Beginnings of his Political Career
Note: There was only one witness and the govrnment believed him.
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