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Mood Disorders

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by

Amanda Conley

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Mood Disorders

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)






Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Medication
Psychotherapy
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Citations For S.A.D:
Therapy for Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is an incurable disease
Lifelong Disease (Melinda Smith, M.A., Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., and Robert Segal, M.A., 2014 )
Two types of treatment for bipolar disorder; medical therapy and psychotherapy (NIH)
Therapy for Seasonal Affective Disorder
There are three main types of treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder
Medications
Light Therapy
Psychotherapy

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Bipolar Disorder
This Disorder is Characterized by a person alternating between manic episodes and depressive episodes
Medication for Bipolar Disorder
Mood Stabilizers (eg. lithium, anticonvulsants)
Antidepressants (eg. fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, bupropion)
Atypical Antipsychotics (eg. olanzapine, aripiprazole, quetiapine)
Seasonal affective disorder
Severe depression from the seasons changing
More common fall and winter-onset SAD
Winter-onset SAD and fall-onset SAD symptoms dissipate in spring and summer
Summer-onset and spring-onset SAD symptoms go away in colder months

(mayoclinic.org, N.D.)
Mayo Clinic. (n.d.) Seasonal Affective Disorder. Retrieved November 28, 2014. From www.http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/seasonal-affective-disorder/basics/definition/con-20021047
Mayo Clinic. (n.d.) Light Therapy. Retrieved November 28, 2014. From http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/light-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20009617
"Seasonal Affective Disorder." American Psychiatric Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. <http://www.psychiatry.org/seasonal-affective-disorder>.
By: Amanda Conley, Sierra Clontz, Jennifer Flanyak, Jacob Hauk, Jennifer Hauk, & Heather Taylor
Mood Disorders
Mood Disorders
Mood Disorders:
Extreme disturbances of emotional states
2 main types of mood disorders are Bipolar and Major Depressive Disorder
This is a lethal disease; with a high suicide rate
Manic V.S. Depressive episodes
Depressive
Manic
(Huffman, 2012)
~no sleep for days with no fatigue
~extremely happy
~poor judgement
~behaves on impulse
~easily distracted
~can last anywhere from a few days to months
~normally ends abruptly
~long period of feelings of sadness & hopelessness
~tired
~loss of interest in once enjoyed activities
~difficulty concentrating
~thinking of death or attempting suicide
~typically last 3 times as long as a manic episode
Bipolar I:
Characterized by manic episodes that last at least 7 days and depressive episodes that last at least 2 weeks
Bipolar II:
Consist of depressive episodes and hypo-manic episodes
Cyclothymic:
mild form; consist of mild depression and hypo-manic episodes for at least 2 years
different diagnosis of bipolar disorder
Causes
1. Genetics
2. Environmental factors
3. Brain Development
(NIH, n.d.)
(NIH, n.d.)
(Huffman, 2012)
(Huffman, 2012)
Antidepressants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
Selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI)
Tricyclic (TCA)
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)
(NIMH, n.d.)
Psychotherapy
(NIMH, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
Electroconvulsive Therapy
What is the most effective therapy for MDD?
Mild to moderate MDD: Psychotherapy

Severe MDD:
Psychotherapy + Medication
(Grobler, 2013; NIMH, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
How Prozac works
Side Effects of Medication for Bipolar Disorder:
drowsiness, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, mood swings
headache, nausea, agitation
drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, rapid heartbeat, sensitivity to the sun, skin rashes
(NIH)
(NIH)
Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder
"Psychotherapy is a non-medical "talking" therapy" (Rashmi Nemade, Ph.D. & Mark Dombeck, Ph.D., n.d.)
There are four types of psychotherapy for bipolar disorder (NIH)
Types of psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Family focused therapy
Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
Psychoeducation
Medication
Antidepressants
Most commonly prescribed are Wellbutrin XL and Aplenzin
Has several side effects and may take awhile to begin working.

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Light Therapy
Psychotherapy
Is often called "talk therapy."

Used to find more positive ways to deal with SAD.

Used to relieve stress.


(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Often called "photo therapy"

Is the most common treatment for fall-onset SAD.

Starts working within days or weeks.

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Home Remedies!
Make your house sunnier and brighter!

Go outside!

Exercise!

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Alternative Medicines
Herbal remedies
Supplements
Mind-body techniques
May not be enough to completely treat your symptoms

(Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
(NIH, n.d.)
Major Depression is a constant
Causes of SAD

Citations for Bipolar Disorder:
Bipolar Disorder Treatment (2014) Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-treatment.htm
Huffman, K. (2012). Psychology in action (10th ed.). Wiley customs.
NIMH (n.d.) , What Is Bipolar Disorder? Retrieved November 25, 2014 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml#part6
Citations For M.D.D:
Biochemical imbalance in the brain
Circadian rhythm disruption
Melatonin levels
Serotonin levels

(psychiatry.org, N.D.)
(mayoclinic.org, N.D.)
Winter and Fall SAD
Symptoms
Irritability
Tiredness
Oversleeping
Weight gain
Changes in appetite
(mayoclinic.org)
Summer and Spring
SAD Symptoms
Insomnia
Weight loss
Anxiety
Low appetite
(mayoclinic.org, N.D.)
Factors that affect
SAD
More prone in females
Age of onset
Bipolar disorder
Living away from the equator
(mayoclinic.org, N.D.)
(psychiatry.org, N.D.)
Diagnosis of SAD
Physical exam
Blood test
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders method
sense of hopelessness and despair
(mayoclinic.org, N.D.)
Symptoms of MDD
Fatigue
Worthlessness
Impaired Concentration
Markedly diminished interest
Death/Suicide
Significant weight loss
Who is at risk?
Affects about 6.7% in the U.S.
Average age of onset is 32 years old
20% to 25% of adults experience depression at least once in their lifetime
MDD can affect anyone from older adults to children
Grobler, G. (2013). Major depressive disorder. South African.Journal Of Psychiatry, 157-163.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (n.d.). Depression. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml#part1

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (n.d.). Psychotherapies. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/psychotherapies/index.shtml

Major Depression (Clinical Depression) (n.d.). In WebMD. Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/major-depression

The Risk for Women
Almost twice as many women as men have MDD
Women are 70% more than men to experience depression in their lifetime
The Risk for Men
The signs for men a significantly under reported
Irritability
Anger
Drug and Alcohol
abuse
SIGNS:
Increase in illness and suicide
Triggers of MDD
Grief
Social Isolation
Major life changes
Personal conflicts in relationships
Abuse
Diagnosis for MDD
Diagnosed by a health care professional or psychiatrist
Personal and family psychiatric history
Depression testing
Testing for other medical problems
(WebMD, n.d.)
we
(WebMD, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
(WebMD, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
(WebMD, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
(WebMD, n.d.)
(NIMH, n.d.)
(WebMD, n.d,)
(WebMD, n.d.)
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