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Participles,Gerunds,Appositives, Infinitive Form,Prepositional Phrases

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Avree Alexander

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Participles,Gerunds,Appositives, Infinitive Form,Prepositional Phrases

Gramamar Participles Participles share some characteristics of both
verbs and adjectives.In linguistics, the term "gerund" denotes certain types of non-finite verb forms in various languages.
As applied to English, it refers to the use of a verb (in its -ing form) as a noun (for example, the verb "learning" in the sentence "Learning is an easy process for some")

A participle can be used as a modifier.

It can be used in compound verb tenses or voices. Gerunds Appositives Infinitive Prepositional Phrases Examples Examples Examples Examples Examples Past Simple Past Participle Present Participle Verb hire hired hired hiring do did done doing say said said saying eat ate eaten eating wrote written write writing Jim likes to write stories.
He wrote one about dogs.
Jim has written many stories.
He is writing one now. In linguistics, the term "gerund" denotes certain
types of non-finite verb forms in various languages.
As applied to English, it refers to the use of
a verb (in its -ing form) as a noun (for example,
he verb "learning" in the sentence "Learning is an easy
process for some") An example of gerunds......
working sleeping typing
running talking flying
eating walking singing The insect, a cockroach, is crawling across
the kitchen table.
The insect, a large cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table.
The insect, a large cockroach with hairy legs, is crawling across the kitchen table.
The insect, a large, hairy-legged cockroach that
has spied my bowl of oatmeal, is crawling across the kitchen table. An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. The appositive can be a short or long combination of words. the infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the particle to: therefore, do and to do, to be or not to be, and so on are infinitives therefore, do and to do, to be or not to be, and so on are infinitives At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause, the "object" of the preposition.

The object of the preposition will often have one or more modifiers to describe it. These are the patterns for a prepositional phrase:

preposition + noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause

preposition + modifier(s) + noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause At home
At = preposition; home = noun.
In time
In = preposition; time = noun.
From Richie
From = preposition; Richie = noun.
With me
With = preposition; me = pronoun.
By singing
By = preposition; singing = gerund. Examples About what we need
About = preposition; what we need = noun clause.
From my grandmother
From = preposition; my = modifier; grandmother = noun.
Under the warm blanket
Under = preposition; the, warm = modifiers; blanket = noun.
In the weedy, overgrown garden
In = preposition; the, weedy, overgrown = modifiers; garden = noun.
Along the busy, six-lane highway
Along = preposition; the, busy, six-lane = modifiers; highway = noun.
Without excessively worrying
Without = preposition; excessively = modifier; worrying = gerund
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