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Transcript of Triangle Trade
Traded these manufactured goods for slaves
Europeans shipped Manufactured Goods to Africa (Guns, Ammunition, Clothing, Alcohol, Metals etc)
Slaves were in high demand for labor in the American Colonies
By 1859 a slave cost roughly the equivalent of a Toyota Camry today.
The most expensive were men from age 18-35 and women age 20-30
Slaves were taken from the interior to the coastal "Slave Forts"
Located at the mouths of rivers, Forts like the "Elmina Slave Castle" in Ghana were the last stop before the dreaded middle passage.
Slaves were led through the "Door of No Return" on to the ships waiting in the harbor.
Over 30,000 slaves a year passed through this single door at Elmina from 1700-1812
At these slave Forts, Africans would be separated into different cells for men, women and children. Often this would be the last time family members saw each other.
During the middle passage, slaves were packed into cargo holds for 5-12 weeks on the treacherous journey across the Atlantic.
On average: 10% to 20% of the slaves never made it to the Americas alive
The New World
Slaves were traded for the raw materials of the Americas such as sugar, tobacco, rice, and cotton.
Once the slavers sold their human cargo, the ships were drained and cleaned to become more "suitable for shipping cargo"
The New World
The Caribbean, South America, and the southern colonies of British North America had warm climates which provided long growing seasons, ideal for plantation crops.
Slaves were subjected to brutal treatment at the hands of the slave owners
Raw materials from the colonies were shipped to European and (later) New England factories to be processed into "finished products"
Cotton was spun into cloth
Sugar and molasses were distilled into rum
Other products such as tobacco were "cash crops" in Europe
And again, and again....
These finished products would be loaded onto ships and sent to Africa, to be traded for human beings in a devastating cycle that lasted over 450 years.
The Gulf Stream and "Westerlies" helped ships travel back to Europe