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Transcript of Robert Rauschenberg
(October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) An Overview:
Since 1967 Robert Rauschenberg explored his experimental ideas within the traditional media of lithography, silkscreen prints, and etching.
He is well known for his less traditional processes that include collage and various direct transfer methods onto fabrics or paper.
Rauschenberg frequently noted the great influence that making prints had had on his paintings.
The interaction of activity in different media has been marked throughout his career by a sense of experiment and exploration.
His imagery is now recognized as objects with enough visual power to rival the impact of paintings.
Timeline:Robert Rauschenberg was born Milton Ernest Rauschenberg on October 22, 1925, in Port Arthur, Texas.
After briefly attending the University of Texas to study pharmacology and serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II, Rauschenberg decided to study art.
He attended the Kansas City Art Institute, the Academe Julien in Paris, and Black Mountain College in North Carolina where he studied under abstract painter Joseph Albers. Alber’s, an original Bauhaus instructor, relied on strict discipline that did not allow for any "uninfluenced experimentation".
He moved to New York in 1949 where he attended the Art Students League. He painted and experimented with blueprints during the early 1950's.
In 1962 Rauschenberg made his first lithographs and silk-screens. His work involved innovative print making from that point forward. Rauschenberg described Albers as influencing him to do"exactly the reverse" of what he was being taught. Current, (1970) 100 Years Treasury of the Conscience of Man, 1970 In 1988, Rauschenberg started his Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) project when he visited Uzbekistan. This voyage resulted in the Samarkand Stiches. Samarkand Stitches II , 1988 Samarkand Stitches IV, 1988 Tibetan Keys
(Double Bevel), 1987 Tibetan Keys (Rec), 1987 Settings in the US were also used for artwork.
Photographs of Los Angeles were used in his series L.A. These more recent publications used sheets of handmade paper. Robert Rauschenberg’s work is housed in virtually every important
international collection of contemporary art. In 1998 the Guggenheim Museum had a retrospective of 400 art works by Robert Rauschenberg including drawings, paintings and limited edition prints. His artwork spiraled up all the main floors of the museum and was advertized as the largest retrospective to date for any artist at the Guggenheim. For these works Rauschenberg's own photographs were screen printed onto collages made from fabrics.
Photographs taken by Rauschenberg on another ROCI voyage to Tibet were transferred to wall reliefs and freestanding sculpture to create the Tibetan Keys and Locks series.