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Poetry Terms and Types

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by

Desiree Pierrotti

on 6 January 2015

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Transcript of Poetry Terms and Types

Poetry Terms
Types of Poetry
Consonance
the repetition of final consonant sounds
Example:

Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet
da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DU
"But,
soft
! what
light
through
yon
der
win
dow
breaks
?"

Refrain
recurring phrase or verse especially at the end of each stanza or division
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds with different consonant sounds
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words
examples:
grind, pound, bland, send, etc.
Examples:
grand, grass, plant, sad, etc.
Meter
the rhythmic structure of a verse or lines of verse; a pattern of beats; stressed and unstressed syllables
Tone
the poet's/writer's attitude toward his or her audience and subject

Example:
happy, optimistic, pessimistic, serious, sarcastic, etc.
Mood
feeling created in the reader by words and descriptions the literary work; the atmosphere of a literary work; it creates an emotional situation that surrouds the readers; can be developed through setting, theme, tone and diction
Speaker
the voice of the poet and/or writer
Iambic Pentameter
An "iamb" is an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one; "penta" means "five"; and "meter" refers to a regular pattern. So, "iambic pentameter" is a rhythmic pattern that consist of five iambs per line.

Most common rhythm in English poetry and sounds like five heartbeats: da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM.
Stanza
a grouped set of lines within a poem usually set off with a blank line or different indentation
Poetry Terms
Verse
a single line of poetry
Couplet
pair of lines; usually rhyme and have same meter
Quatrain
stanza with four lines
Narrative
a poem that tells a story
Ballad
a song like narrative about adventure or romance
Dramatic
the writer tells a story using a character's own thoughts or statements
Haiku
a poem containing three lines that do not rhyme of five, seven, and five syllables
Lyric
a short poem where the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker
Sonnet
a fourteen line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure
Slam
contemporary poetry that is meant to be performed rather than read; draw heavily from music
Annabel Lee, by Edgar Allan Poe

For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride,
In the sepulchre there by the sea,
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
“The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost creates a gloomy feeling through his tone:

“I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.”
Shall I com PARE thee TO a SUM mer’s DAY?
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