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Copy of Life and Works of Rizal Chapter 15-16
Transcript of Copy of Life and Works of Rizal Chapter 15-16
Faelnar, Sheena Rhea T.
Vidal, Queenee Presented by: Most information in this presentation are taken from the book of Gregrio and Sonia Zaide's Jose Rizal (2003). Chapter 15 Rizal’s Second Sojourn in Paris and the Universal Exposition of 1889. Other information, references and images used in this presentation are owned by their perspective copyright holders. He published his anotated edition of Morga's successos.
Founded Kidlat Club, Indios Bravos, and R.D.L.M.
He wrote the satire Por Telefono While he's in Paris... The Universal Exposition was scheduled to open on May 6, 1889.
The cost of living became expensive, much to Rizal's displeasure.
For a short time, he settled at his friend Valentin Ventura's house. Settling in... While staying there, he polished his annotated edition of Morga's book.
He moved his residence several times.
Finally, he settled in a little room together with Capt. Justo Trinidad and Jose Albert Settling in... (cont.) Despite the lively and festive life in Paris, Rizal proceed to spend his time frugally.
He spends his time...
working on the annotated Morga's book,
writing letters to his family and friends,
working out at local gymnasium,
and visiting his friends in Paris. Life in Paris Like any other Filipinos in a foreign land, Rizal was facinated by the Universal Exposition.
The Eiffel tower is one of the attractions of the exposition.
He and his friends witnessed the cutting of ribbon by President Marie François Sadi Carnot. During the Exposition Eiffel Tower Designed by Engr. Gustave Eiffel
It is the greatest attraction of the Universal Exposition of 1889. The president of the Third French Republic. Marie François Sadi Carnot 3 societies founded by Rizal Kidlat Club Indios Bravos R.D.L.M. Rizal's research studies in the British Museum in London and the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris enriched his historical knowledge. His splendid annotations in morga's book shows his familiarity with the basic principles of historiography Rizal as Historian His knowledge of foreign languages enabled Rizal to read historical documents and
books in the languages in which they
were originally written like piggafetta's
First Voyage Around the world, Marsden, Raffles, Lord Stanley and many more. Mayi
Tawalisi of Ibn Batuta
Filipinas dentro de cien anos (The Philippines within a Century)
Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos (The Indolence of the Filipinos)
La Politica Colonial on Filipinas (Colonial Policy in the Philippines) Other Works of Rizal aside from Morga's book Manila en el mes de diciembre, 1872 (Manila in the month of December, 1872)
Historia de la Familia Rizal de Calamba (History of Rizal family of Calamba)
Los Pueblos del Achipelago Indico (The Peoples of the Indian Archipelago) Expressed his views on the Spanish Colonization in the Philippines and predicted with amazing accuracy the tragic end of Spain's sovereignty in Asia. The Philippines Within the Century He portrayed at the beginning of his article the glorious past of the Filipino people then described their economic stagnation and unhappiness under the harsh bugling Spanish rule An Essay of Rizal which is an able defence of the alleged indolence of the Filipinos
A prestigious work of historical scholarship
In the spirit of a real scholar, Rizal made a critical study of the causes why his people did not work hard during Spanish regime
His main thesis was that the Filipinos are not by nature indolent. The Indolence of the Filipinos Proposed by Rizal and have its inaugural convention in the Capital
He First submitted this idea to blumentritt in the letter dated Jan. 14, 1889 and the latter gladdly supported him
He wrote the prospectus
The Aim of the association is “to study the
Philippines from the scientific and historical point of view.” International Association
of Filipinologist The Officers:
President: Dr Ferdinand Blumentritt (Austria)
Vice-President: Mr Edmund Plauchut (French)
Counsellor: Dr Reinhold Rost (Anglo-German) and Dr Antonio Ma. Regidor (Filipino-Spanish)
Secretary: Dr Jose Rizal (Filipino) Establish a modern college in Hong Kong
This college aims “to train and educate men of good and family and financial means in accordance of the demands of modern times and circumstances”
A rich Filipino resident in Paris, Mr Mariano
Cunanan, from Mexico, Pampangga, promised to help him raised P40,000 as initial capital of the college. Project For Filipino
College in Hongkong The curriculum consisted of the following subjects:
Ethics – Study of Religion – Natural Law – Civil Law – Deportment – Hygiene
Mathematics – Physics and Chemistry – Natural History – Geography – Political Economy
Universal History – Philippine History – Logic, Rhetoric and Poetics
Gymnastics – Equitation – Fencing – Swimming – Music – Drawing – Dancing Reply to another slanderer of Noli, Fr Salvador Font, who mastermind the banning of his Noli
Published in a booklet form in Barcelona, 1889
This satirical pamphlet under the authorship of “Dimas Alang” (one of Rizal’s pan-names) is a witty satire which ridicules Father Font
It describes comical vein a telephone conversation between Father font who was in Madrid and the father provincial of the San Agustin Convent in Manila Por Telefono Incidentally, Por Telefono demostrates not only
Rizal’s sparkling wit, but also his prophetic insight. t’s opening paragraph read as follows:
In the year 1900, the Philippines for the first time was connected to the Metropolis (Madrid-Z) by means of the telephone laid out by an Anglo-Catalan Company called the Trans-Oceanic Telephone Company, so well
known in its time for its truly bold ideas. By that opening paragraph. Rizal predicted much ahead of his time that people could carry on overseas telephonic conversations. It is amazing how he could have overseen this phenomenon, which we enjoy now. History shows that the first radio-
telegraph signals received by Marconi Across the Atlantic was in 1901 – 12 years after the
publication of Rizal’s Por Telefono December 25, 1889 was a wintry day in Paris
Rizal and Jose Albert plan to have a sumptuous Christmas Dinner. They scraped enough money to celebrate Yuletide.
They prepare a Christmas dinner with Fried Chicken, rice and vegetables
This dinner proves to be the last Christmas dinner in Paris Christmas in Paris Shortly after new year, Rizal made a brief visit to London
It may be 2 reasons:
1.To Check up his annotated edition of Morga’s Sucesos
with the original copy in the British Museum
2.To see Gertrude Beckett for the last time By the middle of January, he was back in Paris
He complained of a terrible headache
At that time, an epidemic of influenza was raging in Europe. Unfortunately, he was not stricken with flu. A purely social society of temporary nature.
Founded on March 19, 1889.
Founded by Rizal to bring together young Filipinos in the French capital so they could enjoy their sojourn during the duration of Universal Exposition.
Name from lightning, as the club is intented to vanish after the Universal Exposition. Replaced the Kidlat Club.
Composed of Filipino patriots in Paris.
It's members pledged to be the best in intellectual and physical prowess in order to win the admiration of the foreigners, particularly the Spaniards.
They practised use of sword and pistol, and studied the Asian art of self-defense, judo. A mysterious, enigmatic, and confidential society founded by Rizal.
Patterned after Freemasonry.
The initials mean Redencion de los Malayos (Redemption of the Malays).
The society's aim is the propagation of scientific, artistic, and literary knowledge in the Philippines. Two reasons impelled Rizal to leave in Paris
1. The cost of living in paris was very high because of the Universal Explotion
2. The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works, especially the writing of his second novel El Filibusterismo.
Ventura his friends invited him to leave with him without paying rent but Rizal could not accept for he had a high sence of dignity and would not accept charity from any man. In Belgian Brussels Rizal leave in modest bording house on 38 RUE Philippe Champagne with Jose Alejandro an Engineering student.
Rizal was busy writing for his second novel which was a continuation of Noli. Aside from that he wrote an Article of La Solidaridad and letters for his friends and family. Life in Brussels Articles Published in La Solidaridad 1. "A La Defensa" (To La Defensa)
2. "La Verdad Para Todos" (The Truth For All)
3. "Vicente Barrantes" (Teatro Tagalog)
4. "Una Profanacion" (A Profanation)
5. "Verdades Nuevas" (New Truths)
6. "Crueldad" (Cruelty)
7. "Differencias" (Differences)
8. "Inconsequencias" (Inconsequences)
9. "Llanto y Risas" (Tears and Laughter)
10. "Ingratitudes" (Ingratitude) Even though Rizal know about foreign languages and his European knowledge he still loved his own native language.
He was the first to advocate the filipinization of its orthography.
"Sobre La Nueva Ortografia de la Lengua Tagala" (The New Orthography of the Tagalog Language) was published in La Solidaridad on April 15, 1890. He gave the credit to Dr. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera. New Orthography of Tagalog Language Rizal received a news from Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura that the Filipinos on Spain were gambling too much.
Rizal wrote a letter to remind the filipinos in Madrid that they did not come to Europe gamble, but to work.
The gambling Filipinos were angry when they learned Rizal's moralizing. They call him "Papa" (Pope) instead of "Pepe" Rizal Criticizes Madrid for Filipinos for Gambling Chapter 16 In Belgian Brussels, (1890) Calamba agrarian trouble was getting worse.
Dominicans continued to raise the rents until such time that Rizal’s father refused to pay his rent.
Other tenants also refused to pay the unreasonable rents.
Dominicans filed a law suit
The tenants including Paciano and his brother-in-laws, Antonio Lopez and Silvestre Ubaldo were deported to Mindoro.
Another brother-in-law, Manuel T. Hidalgo was banished for a second time in Bohol. Bad News from Home Rizal had bad dreams because he was always thinking of his unhappy family in Calamba.
He feared that he would not live long.
He was not afraid to die but he wanted to finish his second novel before he went to his grave. Presentiment of Death In the face of the sufferings which afflicted his family, Rizal planned to go home.
All his friends, including Blumentritt, Jose Ma. Basa, and Ponce, were horrified by Rizal’s plan to return to the Philippines.
They warned him of the danger that awaited him at home. Preparation to go home Rizal changed his mind
Paciano wrote to Rizal that they lost the case against the Dominicans in Manila, but they appealed it to the Supreme Court in Spain, hence a lawyer was needed to handled it in Madrid.
Rizal wrote to M.H. del Pilar retaining the latter’s service as a lawyer and informing Del Pilar that we would supervise the handling of the case. Decision to go to Madrid It was against a background of mental anguish in Brussels, during those sad days when he was worried by family disasters, that he wrote his pathetic poem, "A Mi..." (To my Muse).
This poem lacks the exquisiteness of "To the Flowers of Heidelberg" and is less polished than "To the Filipino Youth," but it is passionate in feeling. "To My Muse" (1890) Two things brought some cheer to Rizal before his trip to Madrid
-Madrid Summertime festival in Belgium
- Romance with Petite Jacoby
Like other women, Suzanne fell in love with Rizal.
She cried when he left for Madrid.
Although Rizal was in a faraway place, Suzanne could not forget him. Romance with Petite Jacoby Thank you for watching the presentation. THE END - Faelnar and Vidal