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The English School: International Relations Theories

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Rebecca Ciarla

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of The English School: International Relations Theories

International Relations Theories:
The English School
Roy Jones
"The English School- A case for closure"
Review of International studies, 1981
"English-ness" questionable:

Most of members
NOT ENGLISH
Main hypotheses
London School of Economics:
Department of International Relations
Manning
Goodwin
Northedge
James
Bull
Wight
Intellectual Community:
study of anarchical society of states as institutional framework of world politics
Roots
"British Committee
on the theory of
international politics"
Butterfield
Bull
Wight
Watson
Discuss main problems and aspects of theory & history of international relations
(Wilson 1989)
(Dunne 1998)
(Suganami)
The English School
Liberal Realism
International Society School
The British Institutionalists
Core Points
Anarchy:
(Bull)
Lacking of overarching authority
to define & enforce rules
Shared values
Mutual understanding
Common interest
No Chaos:
(Bull)
2 Main conceptions
of
International Society
(Bull)
Pluralists
Solidarists
Common Features
Society of States
with
commonly agreed:
-Values
-Rules
-Institutions
Normative content
of this society
Sources
of international law
Place of
war
in the international society
Status of
individuals
Plurality of states
in an anarchical system
Each State
Political community:
with own idea of good life + justice

Co
n
flicts?
o
No pursue of own ideas
Unable to provide
basic foundations
of social life:
-life
-truth
-property
Mutual recognition
right to exist
Diffusion
power
to peoples
via plurality of States
Recognition
State sovereignty
+
Norm
of
non-intervention
-State interests
-Moral principles
-Formal laws
No agreement
Human rights/justice
Moral codes:
cultural context
universal ethics:disorder
Agreement
moral standards
Moral agency to uphold
Usage of force
Defence in case of aggression
Upholding moral purpose
Legitimate:
Evidence:
Human Rights
regime
-universal criminal culpability
-standards of human behaviour
Thinkers:
Further subdivisions
focuses
(Linklater)
European- centred
expansion
frame of mind
incorporation
of
non-Western
peoples
in Society of States
Western approach:
BUT global orientation
Is it appropriate and up-to-date to think that
Western society
is the
centre of influence
origin of expansion
of globalisation
and
References:
“The English School, History and Theory”, Hidemi Suganami, Ritsumeikan International Affairs Vol. 9, 2011 PP. 27-50

“The English School Conception of International Society: Reflections on Western and non-Westen Perspectives”, Andrew Linklater, Ritsumeikan Annual Review of International Studies Vol.9, 2010, pp. 1-13

“International Society and its critics”, Alex J. Bellamy, OUP Oxford, 2005, pp. 1-26

“World Society and English School Methods”, Cornelia Navari, E-international relations, 1/05/2013

“International Relations, Principal Theories”, Anne-Marie Slaughter, published in: Wolfrum, R. (Ed.) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press, 2011)

Wolfrum, R. (Ed.) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press, 2011)
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