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Alfred Adler

Psychology Research Project

Reagan Schultz

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of Alfred Adler

Timeline 1937 1870 1911 1916 1932 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c Interesting Fact! Adler dealt with severe health issues as a young child. Having rickets (a vitamin D deficiency causing weak bones) prevented him from walking until he was four. At the age of 5, Adler developed pneumonia. The odds of him overcoming it were very slim, but he survived! Published Works: -Understanding Human Nature

-The Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology

-The Science of Living

-The Education of Children

-Superiority and Social Interest

-The Pattern of Life References Autobiography Planning Sigmund Freud Add Friend Alfred Adler The Life of
Alfred Adler Key Terms Adlerian Theory: Personal Life Alfred Adler's Office Main Theory Alfred Adler is Born! Born on February 7th near Vienna, Austria-Hungary Send Message Married to Martha Bernays Worked as a Psychoanalyst, Scientist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Physician, Neurologist, and Psychiatrist In London, England Timeline: 1902 Introduced to Alfred Adler. Began developing theories, and working closely with Alfred during weekly "Wednesday Night Meetings". This eventually grew to form the psychoanalytic movement. 1908 "Wednesday Night Meetings" officially become known as the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. 1911 Adler becomes president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Eventually the differing concepts of Adler and Freud became too much of a strain, and Adler decided to cease working with Freud. Their main area of disagreement was the perception of a patient. Freud tended to interpret a patients troubles as sexual in nature, while Adler believed in viewing the patient as a whole person. Me 126 TWEETS 9 FOLLOWING 63K FOLLOWERS Alfred Adler @AlfredAdlerOfficial "A simple rule in dealing with those who are hard to get along with is to remember that this person is striving to assert his superiority; and you must deal with him from that point of view." #truth Alfred Adler "The only normal people are the one's you don't know very well." #awkward Alfred Adler "The greater the feeling of inferiority that has been experienced, the more powerful is the urge to conquest and the more violent the emotional agitation." #HatersGunnaHate Alfred Adler "Meanings are not determined by situations, but we determine ourselves by the meanings we give to situations." #deep 1895 Receives his medical degree from the University of Vienna Adler On His Own After years of working with psychologist Sigmund Freud, Adler chooses to part ways with him and forms his own group titled "Society for Free Psychoanalytic Inquiry". This group is renamed The Society for Individual Psychology in 1913. World War 1 Drafted as a military physician for the Austro-Hungarian Empire during WW1. He is discharged later in the year. 1922 Adler publishes "The Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology" and begins setting up educational consulting teams to provide child guidance in Vienna's public schools. 1926 Alfred begins a lecture tour throughout the U.S. and decides to move his family to the United States. Alfred attains his first full-time academic position in the U.S. as professor at the Long Island College of Medicine. Alfred Adler dies on May 28th in Aberdeen, Scotland at the young age of 67. Raissa, Valentine (1898), Cornelia (1909), Alexandra (1901), and Kurt Adler (1904). Both Alexandra and Kurt went on to become psychiatrists. Cornelia Adler in the garden of their country home The Adlers' Country Home in Salmannsdorf, Austria Raissa Timofevna Adler, Alfred Adler's Wife, they married in 1897 Alfred Adler's family and friends (1933) This theory of psychology focuses on how people make an effort to compensate for their self-perceived inferiority to others. Individual Psychology 55318008 - Unity of the individual
-Goal orientation
-Self-determination and uniqueness
-Social context
-Feeling of community
-Mental Health
-Treatment Adlerian Theory's main aspects: Individual Psychology: Inferiority Complex An intense feeling of inferiority, producing a personality characterized either by extreme unwillingness or, as a result of overcompensation, by extreme aggressiveness. Also produces a feeling of inadequacy, a lack of self-esteem and self-confidence.
A system of psychoanalysis, developed by Alfred Adler. It views maladaptive behavior and personality disorders as resulting from a conflict between the desire to control and feelings of inferiority. Accomplishments Occupations Studies By: Reagan and Sandra Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology Compensation Over-Compensation Resignation The term "individual psychology" does not mean to focus on the individual. Alfred Adler believed that one must take into account the patient's environment, including those the patient associates with. The term "individual" is used to mean the patient is an indivisible whole. Others who have followed in the footsteps of Adler and become "individual Psychologists" include Rudolf Dreikurs and Henry Stein. Adler said that an individual develops their personality from the following external factors... When a person suffers from a disadvantage that makes them feel inferior to another, the individuals main goal becomes to overcome their disadvantages. Those who are able to conquer their disadvantages achieve success in their social and individual lives. Those who are unable to overcome their disadvantages become reconciled to them. A majority of people fall into this category. The people who dwell on the idea of compensating for their disadvantages end up becoming obsessed with the pursuit. -Physician



-Community Psychologist -Founder of Adlerian psychology or Individual psychology -His work pioneered attention to community life, prevention, and population health -One of the first practitioners to provide family and group counseling and to use public education as a way to address community health -Among the first to write about the social determinants of health and of mental health. In 1895 Adler successfully earned his medical degree, graduating from the University of Vienna. In the course of his work as a physician he studied the connection between what he termed "organ deficiency" (illness, physical handicaps, etc.) and an individual's personality and self-image. This is a topic Adler would strongly relate to. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se5c4v09S http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/adler.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Adler http://www.nndb.com/people/256/000097962/ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/alfred_adler.html http://www.goodreads.com/author/list/97579.Alfred_Adler http://pws.cablespeed.com/~htstein/Page1b.htm http://lowdoorway.wordpress.com/2012/03/09/facts-about-alfred-adler/ http://metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/190022477?rpp=20&pg=1&ft=South+America&who=Johan+Hagemeyer&pos=10
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