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Medical Ethics - Fertility treatment
Transcript of Medical Ethics - Fertility treatment
This religion believes that treatments such as IVF and fertility treatment are promitted as long as the semen and the egg come from the Husband and Wife. No third party is allowed in the procedure because it is concidered to be adultary. Muslims are not allowed to be a surrogate either and donate eggs and sperm to another mother or couple. If this procedure takes place then it must not take place before the couple are married or if they are divorced.
In this religion the use of fertility treatment is also generally excepted, but if it does go ahead then it needs the supervision of a Rabbi to be concidered Halachic which means that it is accordance with the Jewish law. When surrogacy is involved there is not a general agreement on what is right to do. Recently there was a law released in Israil stating that women were allowed to donate their eggs to other females wanting to concive.
Catholic Views on Fertility Treatment
The Catholic Churchdoes not accept using fertility treatment because they believe that the creation of a child should be between a husband and wife naturally. On some ocassions it is only allowed if:
NO “spare embryos” are created.
No 3rd parties are used.
They do not replace the act of sex in creating a child.
Artificial Insemination is acceptable but only if the husband’s semen is used, and results from an act of union (a complicated answer, but basically the couple can have sex and use the ejaculate to artificially inseminate the wife).
Using a surrogate is not allowed because it is seen as bringing another person in to the marrage
What is Fertility Treatment
Secular (non- religous) opinions surrounding fertility treatment:
there are mixed opinions about fertility treatment people for and against
"I am unhappy about the idea of the 'right to reproduce', because as the previous speaker pointed out, in law there is no such thing as the right to reproduce. Why then do people talk as if there is such a right? Moreover what are the costs of this careless talk? Debates on whether or not women have the right to reproduce allow participants to ask whether and which involuntarily childless women should be allowed to receive treatment which may make them a mother. Many people seem to enjoy scrutinising involuntarily childless women's lives to see if they deserve to have a child."
There is a wide range of views on the use of fertility treatment but it seems to be accepted by most religions, Excluding the Catholic Church.
Medical Ethics - Fertility treatment
Fertility treatment increases a woman's chance of becoming pregnant, although the treatment may not always work.
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A new patient presenting with a fertility problem should first be made aware of the fact that in general terms ten per cent of couples do not conceive in the first year, and that there may be nothing wrong with them. This does not alter the anxiety they must feel when they cannot conceive when they want to, because all around them they will see people for whom conception occurs so easily. As a result counselling is an important part of that first consultation. There needs to be education about their physiology and how it works. They need to be aware that the success rate in a normal cycle is only 16 per cent. Contraceptive advice to pill takers suggesting, 'Miss one pill and you will get pregnant' infers a higher conception rate and raises expectations later in life. 16 per cent seems a high risk of an unwanted pregnancy but to those trying for a pregnancy it is the 84 per cent failure which is felt.